Kentrigg

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Kentrigg
Across the rivers to Kentrigg. - geograph.org.uk - 143159.jpg
Kentrigg is located in Cumbria
Kentrigg
Kentrigg
 Kentrigg shown within Cumbria
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district CA
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°20′31″N 2°44′46″W / 54.341941°N 2.745976°W / 54.341941; -2.745976

Kentrigg is a northern suburb of Kendal, Cumbria, England. By road, Kentrigg is located 1.2 miles (1.9 km) north of the centre of Kendal and 1.4 miles (2.3 km) southeast of Burneside.[1] It contains the Carus Green Golf Club, which separates it from Burneside just to the northwest. Across the River Kent to the east is the Shap Road Industrial Estate, north of the district of Mintsfeet and the Mintsfeet Industrial Estate which marks the southeastern side of Kentrigg.

The area contains a number of cottages which are let out to tourists. Helsfell Hall was the seat of the Briggs family which dominated the area in the 16th and 17th centuries up to the English Civil War. The old hall today is a Grade II listed building. 109 Burneside Road, also known as Aikrigg End, is a Grade II listed building, dated to the 18th and early 19th century. Kendal Fell lies to west of Kentrigg.

History[edit]

Historically, the Briggs and Philipson (Phillipson) families dominated this area of northwest Kendal, which was under the parish of Kirkbie.[2] A Christofer Philipson of Hollin Hall, near Crook (several miles to the northwest of Kentrigg), is documented in a will dated 20 May 1566 to have given Rolland Phillipson and his male heirs "lands I purchased of Mr. Heskett" in this area.[3] Around 1581, the son of Robert Philipson married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Briggs of Helsfell Hall and subsequently had five sons and two daughters.[3] During the English Civil War in the 1640s, the Briggs family, who were Parliamentarians (Colonel Edward Briggs was a magistrate[4]), clashed with their cousins, The Philipsons, who were strict Royalists.[5][6] During the Siege of Carlisle, Colonel Briggs besieged Robert Philipson's Belle Isle on Lake Windermere for eight to ten days.[2] Robert Philipson is documented as having searched Kendal Church for his cousin Edward Briggs while he was at prayers on a Sunday morning with "the object of killing his cousin" in retaliation.[7][8] The dominance of the area by the Briggs family ended after the civil war when the Philipsons stripped the family of their possessions, Robert Philipson taking ownership of the Colonel Brigg's seat at Helsfell Hall.[9] The hall is mentioned in Cornelia Nicholson's The Annals of Kendal who documents that the seat of the Briggs family was "once a place of considerable importance."[9]

Kendal Fell

In 1936, 1380 yards of cast-iron and stoneware pipe sewers were built in Kentrigg.[10] In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Kentrigg and Burneside became a part of the South Lakeland district, its capital at Kendal.

The area has developed in recent decades from farmland with new housing estates and the development of the Mintsfeet Industrial Estate and the Shap Road Industrial Estate, across the River Kent.[1] Tourism For All UK, a notable Cumbrian tourist operator, has their headquarters on the Shap Road estate.[11] The River Mint drains into the Kent near here. South of the industrial estate is a park, known as the Jubilee Playing Fields.[12]

Shap Road Industrial Estate

A housing development named Kentrigg Walk was developed along the banks of the River Kent in the 1980s, containing 8 large detached houses. In 1994 the Kentrigg West Action Group (KWAG) was formed to object to further housing development of some 300 houses on 15.5 hectares of farmland.[13] The lobbying by the local group managed to reduce the housing development to 150 houses, when a public inquiry in 1996 rejected proposals by the South Lakeland District Council to further develop the Low Sparrowmire fields.[13] In April 2008, the council submitted a new proposal to build 400 houses a year, some 8880 houses in the northwest area of Kendal up to the year 2025.[13] The local Steering Group appealed to MP Tim Farron and local councillors, primarily concerned with the affect the development would have on the area known as the Green Gap, an agricultural strip between Hallgarth housing estate and Carus Green on Burneside Road.[13] More than 210 people signed the petition in support of KWAG.[13]

Carus Green Golf Club was established in 1997 when farmer Fred Downham converted his farmland into an 18- hole golf course.[14] The multi-million pound development created 5 new jobs and has since attracted over 100 members.[15] The Par 70 course measures 5860 yards, and the River Kent, Mint and River Sprint meander across the course.[16] The course is managed by Graham Curtin.[15] Several artifacts were unearthed during the building of the golf course.[14]

Landmarks[edit]

Kendal Golf Club course near Kendal Fell

Kentrigg House on Burneside Road has been used as the clubhouse of the Carus Green Golf Club since 2011. It hosts golf seminars and product launches, as well as county events, and has a bar, restaurant, function suite and four apartments.[15] Local concerns were raised that the clubhouse might cause disturbances in the area and function as a nightclub, but soundproofing measures have been implemented at the house.[15]

109 Burneside Road, also known as Aikrigg End, is a Grade II listed building. It is dated to the 18th and early 19th century. The roof is hipped with a graduated slate roof and gabled porch on the south side. It is 2 storeys high, with 3 bays and a panelled door.[17] The area also contains numerous cottages which are let out to tourists, such as the Old Woolyard and Low Plumgarths Farmhouse, about a mile from Kentrigg.[18] Architect W. A. Nelson designed two of the houses along Burneside Road.[19] Also of note is Hallgarth Cottage and Helsfell Hall off the A5264 road beyond the Hallgarth estate to the west of Kentrigg, Cherry Tree Cottage, Elm Court, and The Oddfellows Arms pub.[20][1] The old 16th century Helsfell Hall is located in a field high above the A5264, becoming a Grade II listed building in 1984.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Maps (Map). Google Maps. 
  2. ^ a b Curwen, John Flavel (1900). Kirkbie-Kendall. Fragments collected relating to its ancient streets and yards: church and castle; houses and inns. T. Wilson. p. 252. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Richmond, Eng. (Archdeaconry); Church of England. Archdeaconry of Richmond (1853). Wills and inventories from the registry of the archdeaconry of Richmond: extending over portions of the counties of York, Westmerland, Cumberland, and Lancaster. Pub. for the Society by G. Andrews. pp. 188–. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Gilpin, William (1808). Observations on several parts of England, particularly the mountains and lakes of Cumberland and Westmoreland: relative chiefly to picturesque beauty, made in the year 1772. Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies. p. 147. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Scott, Sir Walter; Lake, J. W. (1838). The poetical works of Sir Walter Scott: with a sketch of his life. J. Crissy ...; and. p. 250. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Hodgson, John (1810). A topographical and historical description of Westmorland: containing an account of its towns, castles, antiquities, (etc.), accompanied with biographical notices of eminent and learned men to whom this county has given birth. printed for Sherwood, Neely and Jones. p. 33. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  7. ^ The Kaleidoscope: or, Literary and scientific mirror. E. Smith. 1822. p. 27. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  8. ^ British Archivist. Mitchell Hughes and Clarke. 1913. p. 26. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c "Helsfell Hall, Kendal". Cumbria's Castle's and Towers. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  10. ^ Surveyor. 1936. p. 308. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  11. ^ Strachan, Donald; Fullman, Joe (20 September 2011). Frommer's London 2012. John Wiley & Sons. p. 428. ISBN 978-1-119-97256-3. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  12. ^ Smith, Albert Hugh (1967). The Place-names of Westmorland: Introduction, river & lake. Cambridge U.P. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "Kentrigg West Action Group (KWAG)" (PDF). South Lakeland District Council. 3 June 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society; James Simpson; Richard Saul Ferguson; William Gershom Collingwood (2001). Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archeological Society. Titue Wilson & Son, for The Cumberland & Westmorland Society. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c d "New-look Carus Green clubhouse above par for Kendal golfers". The Westmorland Gazette. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "About the course". Carus Green Golf Club. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  17. ^ "2/17 No 109". British listed Buildings. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Kentrigg". Cumbrian Cottages. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  19. ^ The Electrical review. IPC Electrical-Electronic Press. 1908. p. 1080. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  20. ^ Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society (1977). Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society. Titue Wilson & Son, for The Cumberland & Westmorland Society. p. 191. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 

External links[edit]