Kentucky Educational Television
KET: The Kentucky Network (secondary)
Explore the World.
|Channels||Digital: see table below|
xx.2 PBS Encore/KET2
xx.3 Kentucky Channel/KET ED
|Owner||Kentucky Authority for Educational Television|
|First air date||September 23, 1968|
|Call letters' meaning||see table below|
|Former affiliations||NET (1968–1970)|
|Transmitter power||see table below|
|Height||see table below|
|Facility ID||see table below|
|Transmitter coordinates||see table below|
|Public license information:||Educational Television Profile
Educational Television CDBS
Kentucky Educational Television (also known as KET: The Kentucky Network) is a state network of PBS member television stations serving the U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky. It's Owned and operated by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television, which holds the licenses for almost all of the PBS member stations licensed in the state with the exception of WKYU-TV (channel 24) in Bowling Green. KET is the largest PBS state network in the United States; the broadcast signals of its sixteen stations cover almost all of the state, as well as parts of Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia.
The network's offices and studio facilities are located in Lexington on Cooper Drive as adjacent to the campus of the University of Kentucky (however, Kentucky Educational Television has no direct affiliation with the university). KET carries national programming from PBS along with a wide range of local programming, basic skills and workplace education.
- 1 History
- 2 Programming
- 3 Stations
- 4 Digital television
- 5 Analog-to-digital conversion
- 6 Distance learning
- 7 KET slogans
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 References
- 10 External links
KET was founded by O. Leonard Press, a member of the University of Kentucky faculty, who was a pioneer in educational broadcasting. Before coming to the university, Press had developed the weekly broadcast from the National Press Club, which has aired for over half a century. In the mid-1950s, he taped a popular anthropology course, and the response to the telecourses was positive enough for Press and two of his colleagues to consider founding an educational television station at the University of Kentucky. This drive failed, but Press and his colleagues decided to set their sights higher and make a bid for a statewide educational television network along the lines of Alabama Educational Television (now Alabama Public Television). At the time, the only educational station in Kentucky was WFPK-TV (channel 15, now KET outlet WKPC-TV) in Louisville, which signed on the air on September 8, 1958.
The idea gained little momentum until 1959, when Press addressed the local Rotary Club in the state capital of Frankfort, and a story about it appeared in The Courier-Journal newspaper. After landing support from UK officials, what was supposed to be a short meeting with Governor Bert T. Combs turned into a proposal to start the state network. The Kentucky Authority for Educational Television was created in 1962 with Press serving as its executive director.
The project made little progress until 1965 when Ashland Oil founder Paul G. Blazer personally acquired the first thirteen transmitter sites and then gifted the sites to the authority. Ownership of the sites led to KET's expanded inclusion in the state budget and eligibility for United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare and Appalachian Regional Commission grants. KET finally took to the air on September 23, 1968 with its programming being relayed on ten stations. KET was affiliated with NET for its first two years of operation, before joining PBS in 1970.
The first instructional television (ITV) program produced by KET was Kentucky is My Land, which premiered in late 1968.
Originally operating only during school hours, within a year it had acquired enough support to begin broadcasting its programming during the evening as well. By 1975, it was showing programming seven days a week.
The KET Fund for Excellence, one of the network's sources of funding, was established in 1981. One year later, KET Enterprises was created as a syndication arm of KET to develop, acquire, and distribute educational programs nationally to and from other PBS affiliated networks.
From 1989, through the 1990s and early 2000s, KET's Star Channels satellite network brought hundreds of hours worth of instructional programming and professional development seminars to schools all over Kentucky. KET Star Channels 703 and 704 were also available on C-band free-to-air satellite television users.
In 1998, KET merged with WKPC, allowing it to start a second service on the Louisville station it already owned, WKMJ-TV (channel 68).
WKPC-TV's digital signal, WKPC-DT, was the first KET affiliate to broadcast in digital, and Kentucky's first digital television station. On August 19, 1999, that station's digital signal was turned on by then-Kentucky governor Paul E. Patton as part of the opening day festivities of the Kentucky State Fair.
- Comment on Kentucky, KET's longest-running public affairs program. It has been in existence since 1974. Series creator and original host, Al Smith, retired from the series in November 2007. It has since been hosted by Ferrell Wellman and Bill Bryant.
- Kentucky Afield is a magazine, radio show and television program, and is the official publication of the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. The magazine is a quarterly periodical while the television and radio programs are a 30-minute broadcast, all of which is devoted to the fish and wildlife resources of Kentucky and covers a broad range of outdoor topics, including angling, hunting, conservation and land management.
- Kentucky Collectibles, a series where participants have their possessions assessed by an appraiser, with hosts Dave Shuffett and Amy Hess discuss with the guests about the valuables.
- Kentucky Life features profiles of people, places an ideas of Kentucky. It is the most popular show on KET.
- Louisville Life features events, people, and culture of Louisville.
KET also operates three translator stations:
|Station||City of license||Channels
TV / RF
|First air date||ERP||HAAT||Facility ID||Transmitter Coordinates|
|October 11, 2007||61.3 kW||137 m||167571|
|January 12, 2007||0.8 kW||86 m||167570|
|January 12, 2007||0.11 kW||72 m||167569|
KET also previously utilized analog transmitters that were shut down before the digital TV translation. They were:
- W09AX Collins Creek
- W10AR Louisa 
- W55AL Tompkinsville
- W56AT Augusta
- W64BR Hopkinsville
- W66AH Whitesburg
- W67AN Letcher
In Augusta, W20CT-D was launched in October 2007 as the companion for W56AT. W28DD-D was the digital companion for W10AR in Louisa. Falmouth's W23DM-D was the digital companion for W56AM.
KET2, based on KET's original Louisville station, WKMJ-TV, airs the national PBS schedule, local programming including shows focused on the Louisville area, children's programs, how-to series, documentaries and public affairs programs. Outside of Louisville, KET2 can be seen on several cable systems across Kentucky as well as on KET's digital signals. It is broadcast in standard definition and is available to 62% of Kentucky's cable subscribers. Originally, WKMJ-TV was the KET translator serving the Louisville market alongside of the independent WKPC-TV; it carried the same programs as in the rest of the state.
|Station||City of license||Channels
TV / RF
|First air date||Call letters'
|ERP||HAAT||Facility ID||Transmitter Coordinates|
|September 2, 1970||Kentucky
|61.6 kW||218 m||34195|
KET KY, formerly branded as KET3, which is carried as the third digital subchannel on 15 of the KET stations and as the second subchannel of WKMJ, formerly broadcast all of the state network's educational programming throughout its broadcast day. In January 2008, KET3 was relaunched as KET KY, broadcasts Kentucky-based issues, heritage, history and culture. KET KY also broadcasts coverage of the Kentucky General Assembly while it is in session, combining the services previously offered on KET5 and KET6. KET KY broadcasts 24 hours a day in standard definition.
KET World features programs about world history, featuring programming content sourced from the World network; it is currently available only on the third digital subchannel of KET's secondary Louisville station WKMJ-TV.
Since the fall of 2009, KET ED provides a feed of K-12 educational programming on KET KY from 1:00 to 5:00 a.m. Eastern Time. KET ED (formerly branded as "KET4"), formerly offered KET's digital service during primetime hours and programming from the Annenberg Channel at other times. At one time, this service was carried on the fourth digital subchannel of KET's station. In Louisville, this service was also available 24 hours a day on WKMJ's digital signal, but has since been discontinued, due to an increase of fees for the usage of the national PBSHD channel by PBS. Instead, KET reinvested the money to acquire new digital equipment, including upgrades to allow the transmission of locally produced and tape delayed programming in high definition. This increase of PBSHD fees has also led to KET scheduling HD programming themselves, rather than merely carrying the national feed. Today, KET ED features a mix of educational programming from ITV and Annenberg, as well as KET's own professional development series and PBS' educational content, all of which was previously seen on either KET3 or KET4.
The KET ED programming block on KET KY was ultimately discontinued in the early 2010s, but KET ED remains available as an on-demand video service.
KET5 and KET6
KET5 and KET6 featured live coverage of the Kentucky House of Representatives and Senate respectively on the services, while the state General Assembly was in session. These channels were discontinued in January 2008, when KET realigned its digital programming (see KET KY and KET ED above). As mentioned above, coverage of the General Assembly, while reduced significantly, is still carried on KET KY. In the state capital of Frankfort, however, both the Kentucky House and Senate are seen session-round in session on local cable providers Frankfort Plant Board and Windjammer Communications, overlapping the slots of C-SPAN3 and NASA TV.
The digital channels of most of KET's stations are multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming
|xx.1||720p||16:9||KET||Main KET programming / PBS|
|xx.2||480i||4:3||KET2||PBS Encore / KET2|
|xx.3||KET KY||Kentucky Channel (5:00 a.m.-1:00 a.m.)
KET ED (1:00-5:00 a.m.)
WKMJ's digital channel uses a different multiplexed lineup from the other fifteen KET stations:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|68.1||480i||4:3||KET2||Main WKMJ-TV programming / PBS Encore ("KET2")|
Although the DTV Delay Act extended the mandatory deadline from February 17 to June 12, 2009, KET shut down the analog signals of all sixteen stations on April 16, 2009. All of the sixteen stations remained on their respective pre-transition channel numbers (WKAS on UHF channel 25; WKGB on UHF channel 48; WCVN on UHF channel 18; WKZT on UHF channel 43; WKHA on UHF channel 16; WKLE on UHF channel 42; WKMR on UHF channel 15; WKMU on UHF channel 36; WKOH on UHF channel 30; WKON on UHF channel 44; WKON on UHF channel 44; WKPD on UHF channel 41; WKSO on UHF channel 14; and WKPI-TV on UHF channel 24). KET began broadcasting in high definition from its new high definition production facility in Lexington on October 1, 2009.
Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display virtual channels for each KET station corresponding to their former analog channels (26; 53; 24; 43; 16; 42; 38; 17; 42; 15; 36; 30; 44; 41; 24; 14; and 22, respectively). In the cases of WKON-TV, WKMJ-TV and WCVN-TV, their pre-transition analog channels were among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition and would not have been used as their post-transition digital channels even if KET elected to relocate any of its stations' digital signals to their former analog allocations.
On January 29, 2014, the United States Department of Agriculture awarded KET a grant worth $357,700, as part of its Public Television Digital Transition Grant program, to upgrade 20 analog microwave relays for WKSO, WKMR, WKHA and WKPI to digital, in order to provide digital television service to rural areas of Kentucky.
KET, among its many educational programs, runs a Distance Learning program. The program features Latin, Humanities, Physics and German language course offerings, and offers leveled courses ranging from introductory to advanced placement classes. It is offered primarily for Kentucky high school students, for whom it is offered tuition-free. However, out-of-state schools may enroll students in the course for a small tuition fee.
The aim of the program is to provide a full course in the aforementioned subjects for schools who do not offer a particular class. Often schools seek distance learning as a temporary solution in cases of funding cuts, which lead to dismissal of teachers or discontinuation of the teaching of certain subjects altogether. The program also is popular with parents of home-schooled children.
The program was established in 1989; the direct-to-school model became possible after a substantial expansion of the state network's headquarters (now dubbed "The O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center") and legislative funding to provide a satellite receiver for every school and public library in the state. The course was originally administered and taught via live satellite broadcasts directly into classrooms with two-way keypads for real-time student-teacher interaction. Homework, tests, quizzes and other material were distributed by modem and mail.
Since the mid-1990s, KET's Distance Learning program has migrated from broadcast lessons to instruction via KET's website and multimedia lessons on videotape, CD and DVD.
- "Where the Vision Continues" (1988, used in honor of KET's 20th anniversary)
- "Bringing Kentucky Together" (1989–early 1990s) 
- "Simply The Best!" (late 1990s–early 2000s)
- "Explore Kentucky, Explore the World" (2007–present)
- "Today's KET". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-06.
- "About KET - History". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-06.
- Press, pp. 103-104.
- KET Milestones (1962-1970). Archived from the original with Wayback Machine on May 6, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
- "KET Milestones 1971-1977". Archived from the original May 6, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
- "KET Milestones 1978-1983". Archived from the original May 6, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
- About KET. Archived from the original May 1, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
- KET Milestones (1999-2000). Archived from the original May 6, 2001. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- Experience the Future with KET. Archived from the original May 1, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
- "About Comment on Kentucky". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved 2015-02-06.
- "Kentucky Collectables". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved 2015-02-06.
- "About Kentucky Life". Kentucky Life. Kentucky Educational Television. 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-05.
- "Louisville Life". KET. Kentucky Life. Retrieved 2015-02-06.
- RabbitEars Query: Stations for Owner - Kentucky Authority for Educational Television
- Frontline Funding and Washington Week Funding PBS/KET (February 1988)
- Washington Week Ending, Wall Street Week Opening & PBS/KET Commercials (February 1988)
- "TV Channels". Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved 2009-11-17.
- KET | Digital Television | Stations and Services
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKAS
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKGB
- RabbitEars TV Query for WCVN
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKHA
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKMU
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKOH
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKON
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKPD
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKPI
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKSO
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKLE
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKMR
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKMA
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKZT
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKMJ
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- "Calls come after KET, WKYT digital TV transition". Lexington Herald-Leader. April 17, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- "The Digital Transition: The Malcolm (Mac) Wall Years". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved 2015-02-06.
- "$2.5 million in grants will help rural stations complete DTV transition". Current.org. January 30, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- PBS/KET Commercial Break (1990)