Kentucky Educational Television

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"KET" redirects here. For other uses, see KET (disambiguation).
Kentucky Educational Television
Kentucky Educational Television logo.png
statewide Kentucky
United States
Branding KET (general)
KET: The Kentucky Network (secondary)
Slogan Explore Kentucky.
Explore the World.
Channels Digital: see table below
Subchannels xx.1 PBS
xx.2 PBS Encore/KET2
xx.3 Kentucky Channel/KET ED
Affiliations PBS (1970-Present)
Owner Kentucky Authority for Educational Television
First air date September 23, 1968; 46 years ago (1968-09-23)
Call letters' meaning see table below
Former affiliations NET (1968–1970)
Transmitter power see table below
Height see table below
Facility ID see table below
Transmitter coordinates see table below
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Educational Television Profile
Educational Television CDBS
Website www.ket.org

Kentucky Educational Television (also known as KET: The Kentucky Network) is a state network of PBS member television stations serving the U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky. It's Owned and operated by the Kentucky Authority for Educational Television, which holds the licenses for almost all of the PBS member stations licensed in the state with the exception of WKYU-TV (channel 24) in Bowling Green. KET is the largest PBS state network in the United States;[1] the broadcast signals of its sixteen stations cover almost all of the state, as well as parts of Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia.

The network's offices and studio facilities are located in Lexington on Cooper Drive as adjacent to the campus of the University of Kentucky (however, Kentucky Educational Television has no direct affiliation with the university). KET carries national programming from PBS along with a wide range of local programming, basic skills and workplace education.[1]

History[edit]

Overhead view of transmitter tower in Ashland, belonging to KET satellite WKAS.

KET was founded by O. Leonard Press, a member of the University of Kentucky faculty, who was a pioneer in educational broadcasting. Before coming to the university, Press had developed the weekly broadcast from the National Press Club, which has aired for over half a century. In the mid-1950s, he taped a popular anthropology course, and the response to the telecourses was positive enough for Press and two of his colleagues to consider founding an educational television station at the University of Kentucky. This drive failed, but Press and his colleagues decided to set their sights higher and make a bid for a statewide educational television network along the lines of Alabama Educational Television (now Alabama Public Television). At the time, the only educational station in Kentucky was WFPK-TV (channel 15, now KET outlet WKPC-TV) in Louisville, which signed on the air on September 8, 1958.

The idea gained little momentum until 1959, when Press addressed the local Rotary Club in the state capital of Frankfort and a story about it appeared in The Courier-Journal newspaper. After landing support from UK officials, what was supposed to be a short meeting with Governor Bert T. Combs turned into a proposal to start the state network. The Kentucky Authority for Educational Television was created in 1962 with Press serving as its executive director.[2]

The project made little progress until 1965 when Ashland Oil founder Paul G. Blazer personally acquired the first thirteen transmitter sites and then gifted the sites to the authority. Ownership of the sites led to KET's expanded inclusion in the state budget and eligibility for United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare and Appalachian Regional Commission grants.[3] KET finally took to the air on September 23, 1968 with its programming being relayed on All 10 Stations. KET was affiliated with NET for it's 1st 2 Years of operation, before joining PBS in 1970.

The first instructional television (ITV) program produced by KET was Kentucky is My Land, which premiered in late 1968.[4]

Originally operating only during school hours, within a year it had acquired enough support to begin broadcasting its programming during the evening as well.[2] By 1975, it was showing programming seven days a week.[5]

The KET Fund for Excellence, one of the network's sources of funding is established in 1981. One year later in 1982, KET Enterprises is created as a syndication arm of KET to develop, acquire and distribute educational programs nationally to and from other PBS affiliated networks.[6]

From 1989 through the 1990s and early 2000s, KET's Star Channels satellite network brought hundreds of hours worth of instructional programming and professional development seminars to schools all over Kentucky. KET Star Channels 703 and 704 were also available on C-band free-to-air satellite television users.[7]

In 1998, KET merged with WKPC, allowing it to start a second service on the Louisville station it already owned, WKMJ-TV (channel 68).

WKPC-TV's digital signal, WKPC-DT, was the first KET affiliate to broadcast in digital, and Kentucky's first digital television station. On August 19, 1999, that station's digital signal was turned on by then-Kentucky governor Paul E. Patton as part of the opening day festivities of the Kentucky State Fair.[8][9]

Programming[edit]

  • Comment on Kentucky, KET's longest-running public affairs program.[10] It has been in existence since 1974. Series creator and original host, Al Smith, retired from the series in November 2007. It has since been hosted by Ferrell Wellman and Bill Bryant.
  • Kentucky Afield is a magazine, radio show and television program, and is the official publication of the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. The magazine is a quarterly periodical while the television and radio programs are a 30-minute broadcast, all of which is devoted to the fish and wildlife resources of Kentucky and covers a broad range of outdoor topics, including angling, hunting, conservation and land management.
  • Kentucky Collectibles, a series where participants have their possessions assessed by an appraiser, with hosts Dave Shuffett and Amy Hess discuss with the guests about the valuables.[11]
  • Kentucky Life features profiles of people, places an ideas of Kentucky. It is the most popular show on KET.[12]
  • Louisville Life features events, people, and culture of Louisville.[13]

Stations[edit]

Translators[edit]

KET also operates three translator stations:[14]

Station City of license Channels
TV / RF
First air date ERP HAAT Facility ID Transmitter Coordinates
W20CT-D Augusta 38 (PSIP)
20 (UHF)
October 11, 2007; 7 years ago (2007-10-11) 61.3 kW 137 m 167571 38°46′4″N 84°0′35″W / 38.76778°N 84.00972°W / 38.76778; -84.00972 (WKAS)
W23DM-D Falmouth 52 (PSIP)
23 (UHF)
January 12, 2007; 8 years ago (2007-01-12) 0.8 kW 86 m 167570 38°40′9″N 84°19′35″W / 38.66917°N 84.32639°W / 38.66917; -84.32639 (W23DM-D)
W28DD-D Louisa 25 (PSIP)
28 (UHF)
January 12, 2007; 8 years ago (2007-01-12) 0.11 kW 72 m 167569 38°6′36″N 82°36′35″W / 38.11000°N 82.60972°W / 38.11000; -82.60972 (W28DD-D)

Former translators[edit]

KET also previously utilized analog transmitters that were shut down before the digital TV translation. They were:

In Augusta, W20CT-D was launched in October 2007 as the companion for W56AT. W28DD-D was the digital companion for W10AR in Louisa. Falmouth's W23DM-D was the digital companion for W56AM.

KET2[edit]

KET2, based on KET's original Louisville station, WKMJ-TV, airs the national PBS schedule, local programming including shows focused on the Louisville area, children's programs, how-to series, documentaries and public affairs programs.[1] Outside of Louisville, KET2 can be seen on several cable systems across Kentucky as well as on KET's digital signals. It is broadcast in standard definition and is available to 62% of Kentucky's cable subscribers.[18] Originally, WKMJ-TV was the KET translator serving the Louisville market alongside of the independent WKPC-TV; it carried the same programs as in the rest of the state.

Station City of license Channels
TV / RF
First air date Call letters'
meaning
ERP HAAT Facility ID Transmitter Coordinates
WKMJ-TV Louisville 68 (PSIP)
38 (UHF)
September 2, 1970; 44 years ago (1970-09-02) Kentucky
Media and
Journalism
61.6 kW 218 m 34195 38°22′1.6″N 85°49′53.8″W / 38.367111°N 85.831611°W / 38.367111; -85.831611 (WKMJ-TV)

KET KY[edit]

KET KY, formerly branded as KET3, which is carried as the third digital subchannel on 15 of the KET stations and as the second subchannel of WKMJ, formerly broadcast all of the state network's educational programming throughout its broadcast day. In January 2008, KET3 was relaunched as KET KY, broadcasts Kentucky-based issues, heritage, history and culture.[1] KET KY also broadcasts coverage of the Kentucky General Assembly while it is in session, combining the services previously offered on KET5 and KET6. KET KY broadcasts 24 hours a day in standard definition.[18]

KET World[edit]

KET World features programs about world history, featuring programming content sourced from the World network; it is currently available only on the third digital subchannel of KET's secondary Louisville station WKMJ-TV.

Discontinued services[edit]

KET ED[edit]

Since the fall of 2009, KET ED provides a feed of K-12 educational programming on KET KY from 1:00 to 5:00 a.m. Eastern Time.[18] KET ED (formerly branded as "KET4"), formerly offered KET's digital service during primetime hours and programming from the Annenberg Channel at other times. At one time, this service was carried on the fourth digital subchannel of KET's station. In Louisville, this service was also available 24 hours a day on WKMJ's digital signal, but has since been discontinued, due to an increase of fees for the usage of the national PBSHD channel by PBS. Instead, KET reinvested the money to acquire new digital equipment, including upgrades to allow the transmission of locally produced and tape delayed programming in high definition. This increase of PBSHD fees has also led to KET scheduling HD programming themselves, rather than merely carrying the national feed.[19] Today, KET ED features a mix of educational programming from ITV and Annenberg, as well as KET's own professional development series and PBS' educational content, all of which was previously seen on either KET3 or KET4.[20]

The KET ED programming block on KET KY was ultimately discontinued in the early 2010s, but KET ED remains available as an on-demand video service.

KET5 and KET6[edit]

KET5 and KET6 featured live coverage of the Kentucky House of Representatives and Senate respectively on the services, while the state General Assembly was in session. These channels were discontinued in January 2008, when KET realigned its digital programming (see KET KY and KET ED above). As mentioned above, coverage of the General Assembly, while reduced significantly, is still carried on KET KY. In the state capital of Frankfort, however, both the Kentucky House and Senate are seen session-round in session on local cable providers Frankfort Plant Board and Windjammer Communications, overlapping the slots of C-SPAN3 and NASA TV.

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The digital channels of most of KET's stations are multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming
[21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34]
xx.1 720p 16:9 KET Main KET programming / PBS
xx.2 480i 4:3 KET2 PBS Encore / KET2
xx.3 KET KY Kentucky Channel (5:00 a.m.-1:00 a.m.)
KET ED (1:00-5:00 a.m.)

WKMJ's digital channel uses a different multiplexed lineup from the other fifteen KET stations:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[35]
68.1 480i 4:3 KET2 Main WKMJ-TV programming / PBS Encore ("KET2")
68.2 KETKY Kentucky Channel
68.3 16:9 KETWRLD World

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

Climbing the analog antenna of WKAS's tower in Ashland.

Although the DTV Delay Act extended the mandatory deadline from February 17 to June 12, 2009, KET shut down the analog signals of all 16 Stations on April 16, 2009.[36][37][38] All of the 16 Stations remained on their respective pre-transition channel numbers (WKAS on UHF channel 25; WKGB on UHF channel 48; WCVN on UHF channel 18; WKZT on UHF channel 43; WKHA on UHF channel 16; WKLE on UHF channel 42; WKMR on UHF channel 15; WKMU on UHF channel 36; WKOH on UHF channel 30; WKON on UHF channel 44; WKON on UHF channel 44; WKPD on UHF channel 41; WKSO on UHF channel 14 and WKPI-TV on UHF channel 24). KET began broadcasting in high definition from its new high definition production facility in Lexington on October 1, 2009.[38]

Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display virtual channels for each KET station corresponding to their former analog channels (26; 53; 24; 43; 16; 42; 38; 17; 42; 15; 36; 30; 44; 41; 24; 14 and 22 respectively). In the cases of WKON-TV, WKMJ-TV and WCVN-TV, their pre-transition analog channels were among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition and would not have been used as their post-transition digital channels even if KET elected to relocate any of its stations' digital signals to their former analog allocations.

On January 29, 2014, the United States Department of Agriculture awarded KET a grant worth $357,700, as part of its Public Television Digital Transition Grant program, to upgrade 20 analog microwave relays for WKSO, WKMR, WKHA and WKPI to digital, in order to provide digital television service to rural areas of Kentucky.[39]

Distance learning[edit]

KET, among its many educational programs, runs a Distance Learning program. The program features Latin, Humanities, Physics and German language course offerings and offers leveled courses ranging from introductory to advanced placement classes. It's offered primarily for Kentucky high school students for whom it's offered tuition-free. However, out-of-state schools may enroll students in the course for a small tuition fee.

The aim of the program is to provide a full course in the aforementioned subjects for schools who don't offer a particular class. Often schools seek distance learning as a temporary solution in cases of funding cuts, which lead to dismissal of teachers or discontinuation of the teaching of certain subjects altogether. The program also is popular with parents of home-schooled children.

The program was established in 1989; the direct-to-school model became possible after a substantial expansion of the state network's headquarters (now dubbed "The O. Leonard Press Telecommunications Center") and legislative funding to provide a satellite receiver for every school and public library in the state. The course was originally administered and taught via live satellite broadcasts directly into classrooms with two-way keypads for real-time student-teacher interaction. Homework, tests, quizzes and other material were distributed by modem and mail.

Since the mid-1990s, KET's Distance Learning program has migrated from broadcast lessons to instruction via KET's website and multimedia lessons on videotape, CD and DVD.

KET slogans[edit]

  • "Where the Vision Continues" (1988, used in honor of KET's 20th anniversary)[15]
  • "Bringing Kentucky Together" (1989–early 1990s) [40]
  • "Simply The Best!" (late 1990s–early 2000s)
  • "Explore Kentucky, Explore the World" (2007–present)

Bibliography[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Press, O. Leonard (2008). The KET Story: A Personal Account. Lexington, Kentucky: The Clark Group. ISBN 978-1-883589-89-9. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Today's KET". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-06. 
  2. ^ a b "About KET - History". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-06. 
  3. ^ Press, pp. 103-104.
  4. ^ KET Milestones (1962-1970). Archived from the original with Wayback Machine on May 6, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  5. ^ "KET Milestones 1971-1977". Archived from the original May 6, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  6. ^ "KET Milestones 1978-1983". Archived from the original May 6, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  7. ^ About KET. Archived from the original May 1, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  8. ^ KET Milestones (1999-2000). Archived from the original May 6, 2001. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
  9. ^ Experience the Future with KET. Archived from the original May 1, 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  10. ^ "About Comment on Kentucky". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved 2015-02-06. 
  11. ^ "Kentucky Collectables". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved 2015-02-06. 
  12. ^ "About Kentucky Life". Kentucky Life. Kentucky Educational Television. 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-05. 
  13. ^ "Louisville Life". KET. Kentucky Life. Retrieved 2015-02-06. 
  14. ^ RabbitEars Query: Stations for Owner - Kentucky Authority for Educational Television
  15. ^ a b Frontline Funding and Washington Week Funding PBS/KET (February 1988)
  16. ^ a b https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8UWLOt08HnQ
  17. ^ Washington Week Ending, Wall Street Week Opening & PBS/KET Commercials (February 1988)
  18. ^ a b c "TV Channels". Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 
  19. ^ KET | Digital Television | Stations and Services
  20. ^ http://oldtvguides.com/all_DTVs/48-wkgb-dt~%20%20%20Bowling%20Green,%20KY%20%20%20319%20mi.html
  21. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKAS
  22. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKGB
  23. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WCVN
  24. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKHA
  25. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKMU
  26. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKOH
  27. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKON
  28. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKPD
  29. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKPI
  30. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKSO
  31. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKLE
  32. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKMR
  33. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKMA
  34. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKZT
  35. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WKMJ
  36. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  37. ^ "Calls come after KET, WKYT digital TV transition". Lexington Herald-Leader. April 17, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  38. ^ a b "The Digital Transition: The Malcolm (Mac) Wall Years". KET. Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved 2015-02-06. 
  39. ^ "$2.5 million in grants will help rural stations complete DTV transition". Current.org. January 30, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  40. ^ PBS/KET Commercial Break (1990)

External links[edit]