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Kentucky Colonel

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Kentucky Colonel
Kentucky Colonelcy certificate
A letters patent certificate for a Kentucky Colonel issued in 1987 by Governor Martha Layne Collins
Awarded by  Kentucky
TypeState order & order of merit
Established1894
Country United States
SeatFrankfort, Kentucky
RibbonKentucky Blue
MottoUnited We Stand
Divided We Fall
EligibilityCivilian
CriteriaRecognition of good deed, contribution to state prosperity, community service, or noteworthy action performed by an individual.
StatusHonorary
FounderGovernor Col. William O'Connell Bradley
Statistics
First induction1894
Last inductionCurrent
Total inducteesAbout 350,000


Kentucky Colonel is the highest title of honor bestowed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky. It is the most well known colonelcy in the United States.[1] A Kentucky Colonel Commission (the certificate) is awarded in the name of the Commonwealth by the governor of Kentucky to individuals with "Honorable" titular style recognition preceding the names of civilians aged 18 or over, for noteworthy accomplishments, contributions to civil society, remarkable deeds, or outstanding service to the community, state, or a nation.[2] The Governor bestows the honorable title with a colonelcy commission, by issuance of letters patent.

While many famous and noteworthy people have received commissions as Kentucky colonels, the award is equally available to those of all backgrounds based on their deeds. A Kentucky Colonel is traditionally considered a goodwill ambassador of the Kentucky state, culture, folklore, traditions and values.[3]

Although Kentucky colonels are considered in Common Law to be aides-de-camp to the governors and members of their staff and thus entitled to the style of "Honorable",[4][5][6] Kentucky colonels are usually just referred to and addressed as "Colonel" and use the abbreviation "Col." or Kentucky colonel when the term is not being used as a specific title for an individual. Most properly in writing this becomes "Col. First Name, Middle, Surname, Kentucky Colonel".[4]

History[edit]

Portrait of Col. Daniel Boone, one of the first Kentucky colonels, painted by Chester Harding in 1820

First Kentucky Colonels[edit]

In 1776, Col. John Bowman was the first Kentucky colonel officially appointed. Col. John Bowman was appointed as colonel of the Militia of Kentucky County by Governor of the Colony of Virginia, Patrick Henry.[7] Notable pioneer, Daniel Boone was given the title "colonel" by Col. Judge Richard Henderson in 1775 when he founded the settlement of Boonesborough.[8] Boone was not officially granted a Kentucky colonelcy until 1780 when he was commissioned by the governor of Virginia.[9] At the time Kentucky colonelcy was still military appointment in contrast to the modern Kentucky colonelcy which is an honorary title for civilians. Charles S. Todd is often mistakenly believed to be the first recipient an honorary commission of a Kentucky colonel in 1813.[10] This is disputed by Col. Todd's biography, and US military archives.[11] The identity of first civilian honorary colonel is not known. In 1895, Governor William O'Connell Bradley[12] commissioned the first honorary Kentucky colonels[13] as an award of merit bestowed upon citizens for their individual contributions to the state, good deeds, and noteworthy actions.

Kentucky Colonels in Literature[edit]

In 1784, John Filson published his book The discovery, settlement and present state of Kentucke which contained an appendix entitled "The adventures of Col. Daniel Boon, one of the first settlers".[14] Filson's book gained popularity and Boone became a symbol of American pioneering.[15] There became increased interest in the trans-Appalachian West among both Europeans and Americans. Filson's The adventures of Col. Daniel Boon, one of the first settlers was reprinted in France, Germany, England and New York.[16] With the widespread fame of Filson's novel came a greater recognition of Kentucky and its colonelcy.[9]

In 1890 Opie Read published A Kentucky Colonel which spawned a new public perception of what a Kentucky colonel was, posing himself more as a refined, well-mannered southern gentleman, rather than a figure in the Kentucky militia.[17] In 1905, this view was expanded by Zoe Anderson Norris publishing Twelve Kentucky Colonel Stories: Describing Scenes and Incidents in a Kentucky Colonel's Life in the Southland in The New York Sun.[18][19]

Contemporary History[edit]

In 1931, a story about the growing amount of Kentucky colonels emerged, "Thousand New Kunnels, Suh, In 25 Years".[20] Prior to 1932, only about 1,000 people had received official "Honorable" commissions as Kentucky colonels from Kentucky's governors. Governor Ruby Laffoon, in office from 1931 to 1935, dramatically increased the number of colonels by issuing more than 10,000 commissions in 1933 and 1934; among his motives was officializing the Kentucky colonel to identify with the Commonwealth, taxing the title of colonel, and boosting his own political support. One of his most famous colonelships was granted to restaurateur Harland Sanders, who was commissioned by Laffoon in 1935.

Colonel Harland Sanders was commissioned by Governor Ruby Laffoon in 1935 and launched Kentucky Fried Chicken as a franchise chain in 1952.

When Governor Albert Benjamin Chandler (better known as Happy Chandler) took office in 1935, he took a very different view on the distinction of a Kentucky colonel commission and only issued about a dozen new commissions annually, on Derby Day. Governor Keen Johnson followed Governor Chandler's lead during his time in office from 1939 to 1943, commissioning only those select individuals who were deemed to have exhibited exceptionally noteworthy accomplishments and outstanding service to a community, state or the nation.[21] The subsequent governors, however, have typically been much more liberal in issuing Kentucky colonel commissions.[22]

Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels[edit]

The Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels (HOKC) was first established during the depression in 1933 by Governor Ruby Laffoon as a state order of merit with an office at the capital. In 1957, it was incorporated as a nonprofit dedicated to building playgrounds, curating history, awarding scholarships and providing relief to Kentuckians in need.[23]

After a person receives a commission from the governor they automatically become an honorary lifetime member of the organization and, via donation to and participation in the HOKC's charitable efforts throughout the state they can be considered an active member.[2][24]

Kentucky colonel toast[edit]

In 1936, New York advertising agency owner, Kentucky colonel Arthur Kudner, wrote a toast to Kentucky colonels. The toast was quickly adopted by the HOKC, and it was widely promoted and published for use by colonels. The toast has since been ceremoniously presented at each of the Kentucky Colonels' Derby Eve Banquets:

I give you a man dedicated to the good things of life, to the gentle, the heartfelt things, to good living, and to the kindly rites with which it is surrounded. In all the clash of a plangent world he holds firm to his ideal – a gracious existence in that country of content "where slower clocks strike happier hours". He stands in spirit on a tall-columned veranda, a hospitable glass in his hand, and he looks over the good and fertile earth, over ripening fields, over meadows of rippling bluegrass. The rounded note of a horn floats through the fragrant stillness. Afar, the sleek and shining flanks of a thoroughbred catch the bright sun. The broad door, open wide with welcome ... the slow, soft-spoken word ... the familiar step of friendship ... all of this is his life and it is good. He brings fair judgment to sterner things. He is proud in the traditions of his country, in ways that are settled and true. In a trying world darkened by hate and misunderstanding, he is a symbol of those virtues in which men find gallant faith and of the good men might distill from life. Here he stands, then. In the finest sense, an epicure ... a patriot ... a man. Gentlemen, I give you, the Kentucky Colonel.[25][26]

Involvement in the Nomination Process[edit]

In 2016, Governor Matt Bevin briefly suspended the program to conduct a review of the requirements for receiving the title and then changed the nomination process so that "only active members of the Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels" were allowed to make recommendations for the honor.[27][28][29] Up to that point in time, the longstanding practice had been that recommendations could be submitted by anyone who already was a Kentucky colonel, without any requirement for donations or membership in any particular organization.[27] The nomination process was changed under Governor Andy Beshear. Beshear had the nomination process frozen starting in December 2019. In February 2020, Governor Beshear removed the requirement that the nominators be among those previously designated as Kentucky Colonels.[30]

Lawsuits[edit]

The Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels filed a Federal lawsuit against Kentucky Colonels International in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky in 2020. The lawsuit alleged infringement of the registered trademark "Kentucky Colonels ®" .[23] In 2021, the parties settled the case with a permanent Injunction prohibiting Kentucky Colonels International from using the "Kentucky Colonels ®" trademark.[31] In 2023, The Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels opened an new lawsuit against Kentucky Colonels International for "one count of civil contempt, four counts of various federal trademark infringement, one count anticybersquatting, and three counts of various common law trademark infringement".[32] In August 2023 the Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels won their lawsuit. David J. Wright and his organization Kentucky Colonels International were held in contempt of the Permanent Injunction and ordered to pay legal fees of the Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels.[33]

Kentucky colonel culture[edit]

Starting around 1889, culture began incorporating the idea of the Kentucky Colonel as the name or part of the name of bars, beer, bourbon, barbecue, burgoo, clubs, hotels, food, liquor stores, plants, restaurants, social venues, sports teams, tobacco products and even a political lobby. The Kentucky Colonel has always been most notorious for drinking bourbon, making moonshine liquor, storytelling and dueling over their honor[34] starting in the 19th century. Likewise the Kentucky colonel has been portrayed in a number of films, cartoons, movies, books and featured in newspapers since as early as the 1850s.[35]

Those who have received a Kentucky colonelcy commission have often used the title, idea or the image of the concept of the idealistic Kentucky Colonel to promote art, business, events, music, places and recreational activities while simultaneously promoting the state's customs and traditions, resulting in the honor becoming a well-recognized trademark of Kentucky's culture. As it was explained by the defense in the U.S. District Court in 2020, "the idea and image of the Kentucky Colonel and Kentucky colonels is inextricably intertwined with the state".[23]

Examples of the concept of the Kentucky Colonel being used to promote a product or idea include:

Bourbon whiskey[edit]

The Kentucky colonel title in business marketing is seen in the ongoing historic association between Kentucky and bourbon whiskey production. As of 2013, approximately 95 percent of all bourbon was produced in Kentucky, and the state had 4.9 million barrels of bourbon in the process of aging.[39][40] The historic distiller James B. Beam is referred to as "Colonel James B. Beam" for the marketing of the Jim Beam brand (the largest-selling brand of bourbon).[41] The Sazerac Company similarly refers to the distiller Albert Blanton as "Colonel Blanton" for their marketing of the Blanton's brand. In both cases, the "Colonel" title refers to being a Kentucky colonel. A brand of Kentucky bourbon called Kentucky Colonel was produced in the 1980s,[42] and at least two current brands of Kentucky bourbon have the word "Colonel" in their name, the Colonel E. H. Taylor and Colonel Lee bourbon brands. In 2020 the Neeley Family Distillery (a craft bourbon distiller) in Sparta, Kentucky filed for the trademark "Old Kentucky Colonel" to bring back the original Kentucky Colonel brand.[43]

Kentucky colonel nominations[edit]

Each governor decides the selection process and number of colonelcies that are issued. The process has previously required a nomination from another colonel or direct recognition by the governor but, under the process established by Governor Andy Beshear, nominations and recommendations for other people can be submitted by both Kentucky colonels and members of the general public by completing a form.[44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "American Colonelcy". American Colonels. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  2. ^ a b SOS Office Staff (February 23, 2021). "Kentucky Colonels". Kentucky Secretary of State. Commonwealth of Kentucky. Archived from the original on March 5, 2021. Retrieved February 28, 2021.
  3. ^ Wright, David (February 25, 2021) [1998]. "Kentucky Colonel, Since 1775". Kentucky Colonelcy. Office of the Colonelcy.
  4. ^ a b Hickey, Robert (May 3, 2020). "How to Address a Kentucky Colonel – Greet, Write and Say Name". Honor & Respect. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  5. ^ Websters Dictionary Archived July 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Definition of colonel | Dictionary.com". www.dictionary.com. Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  7. ^ Workers of the Federal Writers Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of Kentucky (1939). Military History of Kentucky. The American Guide Series. Frankfort, KY: The Military Department of Kentucky. p. 9.
  8. ^ "Daniel Boone". www.fortboonesboroughlivinghistory.org. Retrieved May 28, 2024.
  9. ^ a b "Kentucky Colonel: Honorable American Title - First Kentucky Colonels". www.kycolonelcy.us. Retrieved May 28, 2024.
  10. ^ "Aide de Camp". Kentucky Colonels. Retrieved May 28, 2024.
  11. ^ "American Colonels - Kentucky Colonel". www.colonels.net. Retrieved May 27, 2024.
  12. ^ Chronicling America (February 22, 1887). "Colonel Bradley". Semi-Weekly Interior Journal. column 3, top. ISSN 1941-3009. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  13. ^ "News and Notes". The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society. 67 (1): 86–92. 1969. JSTOR 23376815.
  14. ^ Filson, John (1916). Life and adventures of Colonel Daniel Boon, the first white settler of the state of Kentucky. LCCN 16014529.[page needed]
  15. ^ Faragher, John Mack (1990). "They May Say What They Please: Daniel Boone and the Evidence". The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society. 88 (4): 373–393. JSTOR 23381897.
  16. ^ Tichenor, Irene (2009). "Tracking the Mysteries: The Legacy of John Filson's 1784 Book and Map". Ohio Valley History. 9 (4): 4–26. Project MUSE 570739.
  17. ^ Alsterlund, B. (1947). "The Kentucky Colonel: A Study in Semantics". American Notes & Queries.
  18. ^ Norris, Zoe A. Kentucky in American Letters 1784–1912, September 1913. pp 136–137.
  19. ^ Norris, Zoe A. (1905). "Kentucky Colonel Stories". J. S. Oliver Publishing Company.
  20. ^ Humanities, National Endowment for the (May 26, 1931). "Las Vegas age. [volume] (Las Vegas, Nev.) 1905–1947, May 26, 1931, Image 2". p. 2. Retrieved February 28, 2021.
  21. ^ "You Too Can Be an Admiral", Youngstown Vindicator, August 3, 1947. A-6.
  22. ^ "Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels Timeline". Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2007.
  23. ^ a b c "Docket for The Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels, Inc. v. Kentucky Colonels International, 3:20-cv-00132 - CourtListener.com". CourtListener. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  24. ^ "Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels - Home". Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  25. ^ Porter, Marion. Howdy Colonel. 1947. p8. Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels
  26. ^ Colonel Toast Archived 2012-11-07 at the Wayback Machine, Speech, Kentucky Derby 1936, Colonel Arthur Kudner
  27. ^ a b "Governor announces changes to Kentucky Colonel nomination process". WKYT. June 6, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  28. ^ Loftus, Tom. "Kentucky Colonels are back". The Courier-Journal.
  29. ^ Ladd, Sarah. "Kentucky Colonels sue 'Kentucky Colonels International' over copyright infringement". The Courier-Journal.
  30. ^ Finlay, Marty (February 25, 2020). "Kentucky Colonels sue rival organization for trademark infringement, defamation". Louisville Business First. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  31. ^ Honorable Ord. of Kentucky Colonels, Inc. v. Kentucky Colonels Int’l (United States district court western district of Kentucky August 13, 2020). Retrieved from https://www.kycolonels.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Agreed-Permanent-Injunction.pdf.
  32. ^ The Honorable of Ky. Colonels v. Globcal Int'l, Civil Action 3:23-cv-43-RGJ, 2 (W.D. Ky. Mar. 30, 2023).
  33. ^ The Honorable of Ky. Colonels v. Ky. Colonels Int'l, Civil Action 3:20-cv-132-RGJ (W.D. Ky. Aug. 9, 2023)
  34. ^ Humanities, National Endowment for the (September 9, 1886). "The Salt Lake herald. [volume] (Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1870-1909, September 09, 1886, Image 6". The Salt Lake Herald. p. 6. ISSN 1941-3033. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  35. ^ Wright, David (February 25, 2021). "American Newspapers". Kentucky Colonelcy. Office of the Colonelcy. Retrieved November 30, 2022.
  36. ^ Lewis, Lori (October 22, 2016). "Looking Back: Kentucky Colonel Hotel, Broken Arrow". Tulsa World. The Ledger. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  37. ^ Johnson, J. Keeler. "Col. Matt Winn: The Man Who Saved the Kentucky Derby". America's Best Racing. TJC Media. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  38. ^ Pearce, John Ed (1982). The Colonel : the captivating biography of the dynamic founder of a fast-food empire. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-18122-1. OCLC 8171986.
  39. ^ Maker's Mark to restore alcohol content of whiskey, USA Today, February 17, 2013.
  40. ^ Schreiner, Bruce, "Kentucky Bourbon Trail Expands to Include Stop in Downtown Louisville Archived 2013-06-28 at archive.today", Associated Press, May 9, 2013.
  41. ^ Beveragenet Reference URL last accessed April 11, 2008. Archived May 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  42. ^ "Kentucky Colonel 4 Year Old - 1980s". Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  43. ^ Neely. "Old Kentucky Colonel (Trademark)". Trademark Status. United States Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  44. ^ "Kentucky Colonel: Honorable American Title". www.kycolonelcy.us. Retrieved May 27, 2024.

General bibliography[edit]

  • Carl Edwin Lindgren. "Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels" (February/March 2001). Il Mondo del Cavaliere, Vol. I, No. 1, p. 14. ISSN 1592-1425.

External links[edit]

Commonwealth of Kentucky
Kentucky Colonels Membership
Kentucky Colonelcy Creative Commons