Kenya at the 2000 Summer Paralympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kenya at the
2000 Summer Paralympics
Flag of Kenya.svg
IPC code KEN
NPC Kenya National Paralympic Committee
in Sydney
Competitors 13 in 1 sport
Medals
Ranked 46th
Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 1 2 4
Summer Paralympics appearances

Kenya competed at the 2000 Summer Paralympics. They were represented by 13 sportspeople, 5 women and 8 men, at the Sydney, Australia hosted Games. Kenyan Paralympians won four medals at these games, one gold, one silver and two bronze.

Team[edit]

Kenya was represented by 5 women and 8 men at the 2000 Summer Paralympics.[1][2] The team included athlete Henry Wanyoike and Mary Nakhumicha.[3][4][5]

Background[edit]

A number of factors have impacted the development of elite disability sport in Kenya in this period. One factor was negative cultural attitudes towards people with disabilities in general that made it difficult to participate, even if the athlete had won a Commonwealth Games medal. A second variable was coaching issues. These included poor qualifications for coaches, lack of funding for coaches, inconsistent coaching or coaches having hidden agendas for being involved in para-sport, such as a desire to travel overseas. A third issue was lack of available equipment to train with. Part of this was because of the high cost of specialized equipment. Another part was a desire not to spend money on people with disabilities as they are less worthy of the funding. A fourth issue is that facilities are often not accessible to people with disabilities. Sometimes, venues do not want to let people with disabilities use them. Sometimes, facilities lack accommodations for people with disabilities. A fifth problem was transportation. Transportation around cities is often not handicap accessible, making it difficult for elite athletes to get to training venues. Ethnic favoritism was a sixth problem impacting elite para-sport. There was a perception among elite athletes that the government and sporting officials favored certain ethnic groups. According to one elite athlete, for the 2004 Games, the team was dominated by ethnic Luo. For the 2008 Games, the trend was towards ethnic Kikuyu. In athletics, the preference tended to be towards Kalenjin. The last major issue was lack of financial support for participating in sport at the elite level. More Kenyans would have tried to represent their country at the Paralympic level, but they were unable to afford it despite the desire to do so.[6][7]

The above existed against a broad issue about perceptions in Black Africa about people with disabilities. In many parts of Black Africa, people who have disabilities that include intellectual disabilities, and physical disabilities such as impairments and deformities often face cultural barriers to participation because of attitudes related to their disabilities. These include beliefs that they acquired their disabilities because their parents were witches or they are wizards. Their disability is often seen as a result of a personal failing on their part. As such, there is often tremendous cultural pressure for people with physical disabilities to remain hidden and out of the public eye. In many places, they are perceived to be monsters in need of healing.[6][7][7][8] In a Kenyan context, the "bad blood" of people with disabilities is thought to also impact their families, creating further stigma for the person with the disability.[8]

Medals[edit]

Kenyan Paralympians won four medals at these games, one gold, one silver and two bronze.[4][9]

Medal Name Sport Event
 Gold Henry Wanyoike Athletics Men's 5000m T11
 Silver Mary Nakhumicha Athletics Women's javelin F58
 Bronze Evelyne Khatsembula Athletics Women's 100m T37
 Bronze Mary Nakhumicha Athletics Women's shot put F57

Athletics[edit]

Making his Paralympic debut, Henry Wanyoike competed in the 5,000 m event, and won gold in a race where his guide runner collapsed at the finish line.[3][5] His victory was the first by an African athlete in his category in the 5,000m. Following the Games, he was awarded the Order of the Grand Warrior Award (OGW) by President Moi.[3] Wanyoike, an active athlete in his childhood, had a stroke in 1995 when he was 20 years old, which left him blind soon afterwards.[5]

Mary Nakhumicha, building on her success at the 1996 Atlanta Games, won silver in the javelin throw and bronze in the shot put in her category.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Paralympic Committee 2000, p. C.2
  2. ^ Committee, Alexander Picolin, International Paralympic. "IPC Historical Results Archive - Country Web". db.ipc-services.org. Retrieved 2016-10-27. 
  3. ^ a b c Benchmark (April 28, 2006). "Henry Wanyoike -- Conquering Disability and the World". Star Weekend Magazine (5) (92 ed.). Kenya. Archived from the original on February 21, 2007. Retrieved October 27, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "Kenya Paralympics - Rio 2016 Medals, Athletes & News". www.paralympic.org. Retrieved 2016-10-27. 
  5. ^ a b c Schuman, Michael. "Blind Faith: How Kenyan Paralympian Henry Wanyoike Triumphed". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2016-10-27. 
  6. ^ a b "Constraints Experienced by Elite Athletes with Disabilities in Kenya, with Implications for the Development of a New Hierarchical Model of Constraints at the Societal Level - ProQuest". search.proquest.com. Retrieved 2016-10-27. 
  7. ^ a b c CAN, Mr Eric Porcellato. "AN EXAMINATION OF ELITE DISABLED SPORT IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD AND OLYMPIC SOLIDARITY." REPORT ON THE 13TH INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON OLYMPIC STUDIES FOR POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS.
  8. ^ a b Brittain, Ian (2009-09-11). The Paralympic Games Explained. Routledge. ISBN 9781134023417. 
  9. ^ "Kenya". Rio 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-09-22. Retrieved 2016-10-27. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • International Paralympic Committee (2000). "Appendix C: Athlete Numbers - By Delegation". Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games Post Games Report. Sydney. 

External links[edit]