Kenya national rugby union team
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|Union||Kenya Rugby Union|
|Head coach||Jerome Paarwater|
|Most caps||Joel Nganga (52)|
|Top try scorer||Innocent Simiyu (12)|
|Home stadium||RFUEA Ground|
|World Rugby ranking|
|Current||22 (as of 29 August 2016)|
|Lowest||51 (2003, 2004)|
|Kenya Kenya won Tanganyika[a]
|Kenya 96–3 Nigeria
(10 August 1987)
|Namibia 84–12 Kenya
(27 May 2006)
Kenya competes in the Africa Cup and is ranked twenty-second in the World Rugby Rankings as of August 2016. Kenya has never qualified for the Rugby World Cup. Kenya has recorded at least one victory against every nation it has faced, being one of the few international teams with this distinction, the others being New Zealand, Australia, England, France and Wales.
- 1 History
- 2 Record
- 3 Players
- 4 Recent results
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Early history (1909 through independence)
Rugby Union was introduced to Kenya at the beginning of the 20th century by British settlers and the first recorded match was in 1909. The game was initially restricted to whites only.
In 1923, the primary club in Kenya, Nairobi District, was split into Nondescripts RFC and Harlequins, due to the club's overwhelming strength. In the 1950s the first internationals began taking place. Early competitions included the Nairobi District Championships first held in 1925, a Royal Armed Forces tournament first held in 1937 and the Enterprise Cup which has been in existence since 1930.
Kenya played host to touring sides between the 1920s and the 1950s; notably including University of Cape Town, Stellenbosch University and a Combined Universities (Oxford and Cambridge) team at Mitchell Park Stadium in 1951.
By 1953, the Rugby Football Union of East Africa was formed to oversee rugby in the three East African colonies of Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika. A Kenya Colony team played a Tanganyika team for the first time in 1954 and a Uganda Protectorate team in 1958 with the Kenyan representative side winning 21-11. Often, the Kenyan side was combined with other East African nations, and composed of players of European ethnicity. While the results were often lopsided, these games provided a huge amount of revenue for rugby in Kenya, and were incredibly beneficial. Kenya, as an independent side, played its first game against Tanganyika, proving to be victorious.
Independence, integration and turmoil (1970s-1980s)
Post-independence, the desegregation of the Kenyan school system meant that indigenous black Africans' featured in the rugby sides of elite schools such as Duke of York and Prince of Wales. Players such as Chris Onsotti, John Gichinga, Dennis Awori, George Kariuki and Jim Owino would form the first generation of indigenous black African rugby players.
In 1972, Ted Kabetu became the first indigenous black Kenyan to play for the East Africa Tuskers in a match against Richmond RFC. That same year, the Tuskers played a tour against Ireland, achieving moderate success and winning 3 out of their 8 tests; Chris Onsotti became the first forward black Tusker playing at prop on the Fourth Tuskers Tour of Ireland in 1972; and Jackson "Jacko" Omaido a school boy at Lenana School (formerly Duke of York) represented the Tuskers playing at fly-half at a 1975 tour of Zambia.
An influx of players from Tanganyika due to a flight of expatriates would boost the Kenyan game. During the early 1970s, a number of English clubs began touring Kenya, playing unofficial test matches against the Tuskers. This included Harlequins RFC nearly being beaten, only for the Tuskers to lose 20-15.
After an invitation in the local dailies to black African rugby players, Miro RFC was formed as an invitational side; rather like the Barbarians or local equivalents, Scorpions RFC. Miro were an all black African side and included two white players (Doug Hamilton and Pat Orr); considered to have played an important role in bringing black Africans into rugby in Kenya. The team played Rugby Roma Olimpic in 1976, winning 20-12. However, the side was disbanded over questions of the racial selection of players.
The Tuskers, by the mid 1970s being fully integrated with both black and whites, faced Zambia, winning 4 tests out of 5. Around this time, some clubs began folding due to the flight of white expatriate players. Despite the growth, conflicts emerged between the black Kenyan players and the many clubs which were still run by expatriates; Miro RFC played again in 1979, this time recording triumph against Blackheath F.C. 32-19, providing major hope for black African rugby.
Mean Machine RFC and Mwamba RFC both founded in 1977 as indigenous African rugby sides. Mean Machine, a representative side of the University of Nairobi featuring Absalom "Bimbo" Mutere, Tom Oketch and football international Joe "JJ" Masiga were notable for winning the Kenya Cup on their first attempt. Black Blad RFC representing Kenyatta University College would follow thereafter. Mean Machine were however disbanded as a result of the closure of Nairobi University after the failed coup of 1982.
Miro RFC continued to play, but lost to the Metropolitan Police club of London 40-9, a side that was described as "makeshift". Around this time, the Tuskers played their last tour in 1982, defeating Zimbabwe and Zambia. The 1980s also saw the introduction of the sevens game. However, the 1980s also saw a decline in the national side; for example, during a qualifier play-off against Zimbabwe, Kenya lost all three of their matches; by the end of the 1980s, Kenya lost to Zimbabwe 56-9.
Mixed fortunes, near advances and entrance into the sevens stage (1990s-present)
Kenya had firmly established stability in its domestic scene, with the game being picked up by the natives, and a league being established.
During the 2000s Kenya began to start experiencing success again at the international level, finally being able to consistently record victories against sides such as Zimbabwe and Uganda.
For the 2007 Rugby World Cup qualifiers, the team defeated both Tunisia and Namibia at home, only to lose their away legs. The team again failed to qualify for the Rugby World Cup in 2011, losing to Tunisia.
In 2011, Kenya won the Africa Cup, beating Tunisia in the final 16-7 after both Morocco and Namibia withdrew due to financial constraints; the following season saw Kenya regress and struggle against Uganda and Zimbabwe, only defeating Tunisia to avoid relegation. The 2013 season proved to be a pivotal moment in Kenyan rugby, as they beat both Uganda and Zimbabwe, winning the Africa Cup for the second time, and the first time in a full four team pool.
The Kenyan national team competed in the South African domestic Vodacom Cup competition in 2014, playing as the Simba XV. The Simba XV were based in Cape Town for the duration of the competition and won their opening match, beating the Eastern Province Kings 17–10. However, they lost their remaining six matches to finish in seventh spot in the Southern Section.
The preparation aided in the 2014 Africa Cup with Kenya earning victory over both Madagascar and Namibia. A loss to Zimbabwe on match day three resulted in a third place finish on points difference and Kenya failing to qualify for the 2015 Rugby World Cup.
|Top 30 rankings as of 19 September 2016|
|*Change from the previous week|
|United Arab Emirates||1||1||0||0||100.00%||55||17||+38|
World Cup Record
|World Cup record||World Cup Qualification record|
|1991||Did not enter||Did not enter|
|1995||Did not qualify||3||1||0||2||40||125|
|1999||Did not qualify||2||1||0||1||42||70|
|2003||Did not qualify||2||1||0||1||60||42|
|2007||Did not qualify||6||3||1||2||111||191|
|2011||Did not qualify||2||1||0||1||91||52|
|2015||Did not qualify||5||4||0||1||153||178|
|2019||To be determined||To be determined|
Africa Cup record
Kenya squad for the 2016 Africa Cup
African Leopards Representatives
- Innocent Simiyu (versus South African Students, 2005 and British Army Seniors XV, 2006)
- Dan Weku (versus British Army Seniors, 2006 and French U-20, 2007)
- Derrick Wamalwa (versus French U-20, 2007)
Kenya competes annually against Uganda for the Elgon Cup, as well as competing for the Africa Cup. For the 2016 series, the Africa Cup fixture between Kenya and Uganda will double up as the second leg of the Elgon Cup.
KRU are planning on 3 non-African test matches.
In July 2016, Kenya earned a record 15-61 victory away to Zimbabwe in an Africa Cup test match.
Elgon Cup 2016
|4 June 2016||Uganda||10 – 48||Kenya||Legends Rugby Grounds, Kampala|
|16:30 EAT (UTC+03)||Try: Uhuru
Pen: P. Wokorach
Con: Mukidza (5/7)
|Referee: Lourens van der Merwe (South Africa)|
|17 June 2016||Brazil||17 – 18||Kenya||Estádio Zerão, Macapá|
|17:00 BRT (UTC-03)||Try: Arruda 2' m
Pen: Cecarelli (4/5) 10', 16', 40', 74'
|(Report)||Try: Ambunya 16' c
Muniafu 58' m
Con: Mukidza (1/2) 17'
Pen: Mukidza (2/3) 28', 77'
|Referee: Alejandro Longres (Uruguay)|
|27 August 2016||Kenya||34 – 10||Hong Kong||RFUEA Ground, Nairobi|
|16:00 EAT (UTC+03)||Try: Kangethe
Con: Mukidza (4/4)
Pen: Mukidza (2/2)
Pen: Rosslee (1/1)
|Referee: Cwengile Jadezweni (South Africa)|
Africa Cup 2016
|9 July 2016||Zimbabwe||15 – 61||Kenya||Police Grounds, Harare|
|15:30 CAT (UTC+02)||Try: Rouse 27' c
Parirenyaywa 38' m
Con: Tambwera (1/2) 28'
Pen: Tambwera (1/1) 7'
|(Report)||Try: Onyango 15' c
Ambunya (2) 18' m, 32' c
Muhanji (2) 30' m, 55' c
Lilako 48' m
Owuor 59' m
Achayo 61' c
Sikuta 73' m
Adaka 84' m
Con: Mukidza (4/9) 5', 33', 56', 62'
Pen: Mukidza (1/1) 42'
|Referee: Marius van der Westhuizen (South Africa)|
|16 July 2016||Namibia||56 – 21||Kenya||Hage Geingob Rugby Stadium|
|15:00 WAT (UTC+01)||Try: Uanivi
Du Plessis (2)
Con: Kotze (8/8)
Con: Mukidza (3/3)
Referee: Marius van der Westhuizen (South Africa)
|30 July 2016||Kenya||45 – 24||Uganda||RFUEA Ground, Nairobi|
|15:30 EAT (UTC+03)||Try: Mwenesi
Con: Mukidza (3/6)
Pen: Mukidza (3/3)
Con: Wokorach (2/4)
Referee: Jaco van Heerden (South Africa)
- The first match for both Kenya and Tanzania (Tanganyika at the time) took place in 1954 at Arusha. It was held shortly before the First Tuskers Copperbelt tour later that year and served as a selection trial for the tour. This match was won by Kenya though the exact score is not known. The next year the fixture was repeated, again at Arusha, Tanganyika winning by 11 points to 3. The third match occurred a year later in 1956, again at Arusha; Kenya winning this encounter 0-13.
- Campbell, M; Cohen, E.J. (1960). Rugby Football in East Africa 1909-1959. Rugby Football Union of East Africa.
- Campbell (1960) pp41
- "About Us - Kenya Rugby Union". Kenya Rugby Union. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- "The Early Days of Kenya Rugby". KenyaPage.Net. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
- "SA Rugby Match Centre – Tusker Simba XV 17-10 Eastern Province Kings". South African Rugby Union. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- "World Rankings". World Rugby. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
- Korir, Patrick (20 April 2016). "kenya-rugby-union-confirms-two-test-matches". ragahouse.com. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
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