Kenyan general election, 1956–57

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General elections were held in Kenya between 25 September and 2 October 1956,[1] with additional elections in March 1957 for eight African constituencies, the first in which Africans could be elected.[2] The elections in 1956 were open to Europeans and Indians.[3] In the European constituencies the results saw eight Independent Group members and six independents (all from the United Country Party) elected.[4]

For the elections for the African constituencies in 1957 there were 37 candidates, whilst voter turnout was 78.5%.[5]

Results[edit]

European constituencies[edit]

Constituency Candidate Party % Votes Notes
Aberdare Humphrey Slade Independent Group 666 64.47 Re-elected
Frederick Willian John Day Federal Independence Party 367 35.53
Coast Shirley Victor Cooke Independent Group 167 54.58 Re-elected
George Alexander Heath Independent 139 45.42
Kiambu Wilfrid Havelock Independent 541 51.09 Re-elected
Richard Leitch Thompson Independent 518 48.91
Mau William Croskill Independent 303 69.82 Re-elected
Duncan Crawford Macleod Federal Independence Party 131 30.18
Mombasa Cyril Usher Independent 351 54.33 Re-elected
Ernest Leslie Howard-Williams Independent Group 295 45.67
Mount Kenya Llewellyn Briggs Independent Group 522 81.95 Re-elected
Peter Derek Marrian Capricorn 115 18.05
Nairobi North Stanley Ghersie Independent Group 698 56.84 Re-elected
Roger Stannard Cameron Federal Independence Party 290 23.62
Susan Studd Wood Capricorn 166 13.52
Mervyn James Eversfield Morgan Independent 74 6.03
Nairobi South Norman Harris Independent 927 42.29 Re-elected
Leo Eric Vigar Federal Independence Party 662 30.20
Joseph Richard Gregory Independent 603 27.51
Nairobi West Reginald Alexander Independent Group 610 44.62 Elected
Clive Wilfred Salter Independent 502 36.72
Elizabeth Joan Harcourt Berkley-Matthews Federal Independence Party 255 18.65
Nyanza Agnes Shaw Independent 468 59.85 Re-elected
Noel Mackintosh Stuart Irwin Independent Group 314 40.15
Rift Valley Michael Blundell Independent 792 64.97 Re-elected
Bryan Peter Roberts Federal Independence Party 427 35.03
Trans Nzoia James Maxwell Independent Group 419 48.44 Elected
Stephen Howard Powles Independent 383 44.28
Oliver Roach Arnell Federal Independence Party 63 7.28
Uasin Gishu Eugenie Dorothy Hughes Independent Group 486 54.55 Elected
Laurence Maconochie-Welwood Independent 405 45.45 Defeated
Ukamba Charles Markham Independent Group Unopposed Elected
Total 12,659
Source: East Africa and Rhodesia[6][7]

Indian constituencies[edit]

Constituency Candidate Votes % Notes
Eastern (Muslim) Sayed Ghula Hassan Sayed Ali Mohamed Shah 2,986 55.23 Re-elected
Nurmohamed Abdul Husein Kalian 2,420 44.77
Eastern (non-Muslim) Pandya Anantprasad Jagannath Pandya 4,712 57.60 Elected
Devchand Premchand Chandaria 3,469 42.40
Central (non-Muslim) Nahar Singh Mangat (Capricorn) 8,487 32.26 Elected
Chunilal Madan 6,913 26.28 Re-elected
Bachulal Tribhovan Gotham 6,459 24.55
Chanan Singh 3,559 13.53 Defeated
Biant Bhagat Singh 889 3.38
Western (Muslim) Ibrahim Nathoo 3,368 63.61 Chanan Singh
Shaikh Mohamed Amin 1,522 28.74
Gulamhussein Kassam Ishani 405 7.65
Western (non-Muslim) John Nazareth 2,763 36.81 Elected
Ahluwalia Pritam 2,591 34.51
Jethabhai Somabhai Patel 2,147 28.60 Defeated
Ram Piara Durga Das Joshi 6 0.08
Total 52,696
Source: East African and Rhodesia[6]

Arab constituency[edit]

Candidate Votes % Notes
Mahfood Saleh Mackawi 1,443 56.54 Elected
Ali Abdalla 1,109 43.46
Total 2,552 100
Source: East Africa and Rhodesia[6]

African constituencies[edit]

Constituency Candidate Votes % Notes
Central Province Bernard Mate 24,758 50.94 Elected
Wambu Mathu 14,774 30.39 Incumbent
Jeremiah J.M. Nyagah 5,684 11.69
David Wauhiu 2,026 4.17
Stephen Kioni 1,365 2.81
Coast Province Ronald Ngala 3,406 36.19 Elected
Dawson Mwanyumba 2,539 26.98
Francis Joseph Khamisi 2,267 24.09
Cladius Mwalenga Mwashumbe 712 7.56
James Jeremiah 488 5.18 Incumbent
Nairobi Tom Mboya 2,138 50.25 Elected
Chiedo Mor Gem Argwings-Kodhek 1,746 41.03
Muchochi Gikonyo 238 5.59 Incumbent
John Mackenzi Kasyoka 133 3.13
Nyanza Central Oginga Odinga 9,316 63.84 Elected
Appolo Ohanga 3,360 23.03 Incumbent
Henry Dixon Odaba 872 5.98
Godfrey Nathaniel Onyolo 642 4.40
Edward Peter Oranga 402 2.75
Nyanza North Masinde Muliro 6,728 30.61 Elected
Wycliffe Works Wasya Awori 6,071 27.62 Incumbent
Christopher Nathaniel Waudo Siganga 4,438 20.19
Joseph Daniel Otiende 1,753 7.98
Webungo Bukachi Akatsa 1,646 7.49
Joseph George Wamukoya Kadima 1,344 6.11
Nyanza South Lawrence Oguda 13,882 41.26 Elected
John Kebaso Kebaso 8,200 24.37
Taita arap Towett 6,308 18.75
John Joseph Bonga 3,235 9.62
Gordon Orinda Okun 1,299 3.86
Francis Kiprotich arap Chuma 721 2.14 Incumbent
Rift Valley Daniel arap Moi 4,773 71.88 Re-elected
Justus Kandet ole Tipis 1,340 20.18
John Moroiyan ole Tameno 527 7.94
Southern/Ukambani James Muimi 8,857 46.61 Re-elected
David Ngati Mumu 7,027 36.98
Martin Joseph Makilya 3,119 16.41
Total 158,134
Source: East Africa and Rhodesia[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Polling Method In Kenya: Appeal For Reform" The Times, 29 September 1956, p5, Issue 53649
  2. ^ Kenya: Legislative Council Election 1957 Institute of Commonwealth Studies
  3. ^ Enoholm, GF Kenya's first direct elections for Africans Parliamentary Affairs, p424
  4. ^ "Kenya Independent Group Gains: Mr. Blundell's Setback", The Times, 4 October 1956, p9, Issue 53653
  5. ^ "Kenya Political Tangle First African Election", The Times, 16 March 1957, p5, Issue 53791
  6. ^ a b c "Results of the General Election in Kenya", East Africa and Rhodesia, 4 October 1956, p150
  7. ^ "General Election in Kenya: Comments in the Press", East Africa and Rhodesia, 11 October 1956, p186
  8. ^ East Africa and Rhodesia, Volume 33, p968