Keratinocyte growth factor
The Keratinocyte Growth Factor (KGF), also known as FGF7, is a growth factor present in the epithelialization-phase of wound healing. In this phase, keratinocytes are covering the wound, forming the epithelium.
KGF is a small signaling molecule that binds to fibroblast growth factor receptor 2b (FGFR2b). For signalling to occur, a dimer is required between two FGF:FGFR complexes that is linked together by a molecule of heparin.
There are 23 known FGFs, and 4 FGF receptors. FGF:FGFR binding is complex and regulated by a variety of mechanisms in a tissue specific manner.
- Rotolo S, Ceccarelli S, Romano F, Frati L, Marchese C, Angeloni A (2008). Maas, Stefan, ed. "Silencing of Keratinocyte Growth Factor Receptor Restores 5-Fluorouracil and Tamoxifen Efficacy on Responsive Cancer Cells". PLoS ONE 3 (6): e2528. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002528. PMC 2424182. PMID 18575591.
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