Kerestinec prison

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Kerestinec prison is a former prison in Kerestinec, Croatia. It was located in the castle overlooking the village.[1]

Early 20th century[edit]

Before the outbreak of World War II, the government of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia built a prison near Kerestinec and used it to detain political prisoners, mainly Communists. In March 1941, at the eve of the Axis invasion, a large number of left-wing intellectuals from Zagreb were arrested and interned in Kerestinec. A few weeks later Yugoslavia collapsed and the prison was taken over by authorities of the newly formed Independent State of Croatia. Following German invasion of USSR, the Croatian Communist Party started a resistance movement that would later become known as Partisans. The Ustaša regime decided to retaliate by killing some of Kerestinec prisoners. On July 9, 1941 the first group, including Božidar Adžija, Otokar Keršovani and Ognjen Prica, was executed.

The Communist Party reacted by organizing an impromptu prison break. On July 13 the guards were overpowered and all the remaining prisoners managed to escape. But the attempt soon proved to be poorly organised and uncoordinated. Very quickly, most of the prisoners, including August Cesarec, were recaptured and shot in Maksimir woods.

Late 20th century[edit]

The former Yugoslav Army (JNA) rocket base at Kerestinec was taken by the Croatian army in 1991.[2] The base was used from November 1991 to May 1992 as a prison camp that housed JNA soldiers, Serb volunteers, mainly from Sisak, and civilians, including women.[1][2] The prison commander Stjepan Klarić took part in and encouraged his four colleagues (all five are currently in trial for war crimes) and members of the Croatian army, to use physical and psychological torture against the prisoners.[1][2] There are a total of 34 people who were inflicted great suffering and violation of bodily integrity and health, including daily harassment, assaults and rapes.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Strava u Kerestincu - Krvavi dvorac: Trudnica je pobacila od šoka i straha". Večernji list (in Croatian). 2012-01-08. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Podignuta optužnica za "Kerestinec"" (in Serbian). B92. 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2012-12-23.