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Kericho is the biggest town in Kericho County located in the highlands west of the Kenyan Rift Valley. Standing on the edge of the Mau Forest, Kericho has a warm and temperate climate making it an ideal location for agriculture and in particular, the large scale cultivation of tea.
The town is strategically located along Kenya's western tourism circuit with access to Lake Victoria, the Maasai Mara National Reserve and Ruma National Park.
The etymology of Kericho is unclear. One theory has it that it was home to the region's first hospital, built by the colonial British at the start of the 20th Century. This is in reference to kerichek the word for medicine in the Kipsigis language. Other theories have it that the town was named for a local medicine man called Kipkerich or after a Maasai chief, Ole Kericho who was killed in the 18th Century by the Abagusii.
The settlement at Kericho was founded in 1902 by British settlers.
Gurdwara Sahib is built on the site of the home and workshop of Kericho Wagon Works founder Sant Baba Puran Singh Ji of Kericho. The site is currently a place of worship for the Sikh community and a museum gazetted by the Government of Kenya as a place of spiritual significance.
It is dedicated to the memory of Sant Baba Puran Singh Ji, founder of the international charitable organization, Guru Nanak Nishkam Sewak Jatha which promotes the spirit and practice of selfless service ("nishkam sewa") in the name of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of the Sikh faith.
Other notable places of interest include Chagaik Arboretum, Chelimo Arboretum, Tagabi Arboretum, Uhuru Garden and the vast scenic tea estates with high ground view points.
Kericho is reputed to hold the record for the highest number of hail occurrences in a year, either at 132 days with hail or 113 days in 1965. Kericho has up to 50 days of hail each year, but large hail is rare.
Kericho town is the headquarters of Kericho county, which is itself made up of six constituencies/sub-counties including Bureti, Belgut, Ainamoi, Soin/ Sigowet, Kipkelion East, and Kipkelion West.
Kericho is accessible by road through the B1 road (Kenya) that links Mau-Summit, Kericho to Kisumu and Busia. In addition, the C25 Kapsoit-Sondu road connects Kericho to the A1 road (Kenya) linking Isebania to Lokichoggio through Kisumu and Kitale.
The Nakuru-Kisumu railway line passes through Kericho County with railway stations at Mau Summit, Londiani, Kedowa, Lumbwa, Kipkelion and Fort Ternan. Fort Ternan was previously used as a halfway point for passenger and goods trains between Nakuru and Kisumu.
Private airstrips operated by tea estates have a more regular use for purposes of crop spraying.
Communication and media
Kericho town has access to a high-speed fiber-optic Internet connection, fixed line, and mobile telecommunications.
There are several local FM radio stations including Kass FM, Chamgei FM, KBC Kitwek FM, Radio Injili, Sayare Radio, Light and Life FM, Sema Radio and The Just FM.
Kericho hosts several satellite campuses and colleges providing certificate, diploma and degree courses.
- University of Kabianga
- Kenya Highlands Evangelical University run by the Africa Gospel Church
- Kenyatta University
- The University of Nairobi
- Kericho Teachers Training College offers degree courses under agreement with Moi University
- Eland College run jointly by Kabarak University and Eland Schools
- South Rift International College (SORICO)
- African Institute of Research and Development Studies (AIRADS)
- Niskam Saint Puran Singh Institute (NSPSI)
- Kericho Technical Institute
- Kericho School of Professional Studies
- Kenya Institute of Management
Kericho is home to two national secondary schools: Kipsigis Girls High School and Kabianga Boys Secondary School.
Kericho is home to followers of the Africa Gospel Church, Seventh Day Adventists, Catholics, Sikhs, Muslims, Hindus, and Anglicans.
- Dr. Taitta Toweett
- Joseph Cheruiyot arap Chewen
- Joginder Singh
- Hannington Apudo, the first indigenous military pilot in the Kenya Air Force
- Wilson Kiprugut
- Moses Kiprono arap Keino
- Joyce Chepchumba
- Edwin Soi
- David Kimutai Too
- Ayub Kiprotich Siele, The longest serving mayor of Kericho
- "The National Treasury" (PDF). Treasury.go.ke. 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2015-12-06.[permanent dead link]
- United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, Regional Development Planning and Management of Urbanization: Experiences from Developing Countries, UN-HABITAT, 1997, p.189
- Linacre, E.; Geerts, B. (May 1998). "More on hail". University of Wyoming. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
- Burt, Christopher C. (30 April 2011). "World's Largest Hailstones | Weather Extremes". Weather Underground. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2016-01-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)