Kerris

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Kerris
Kerris - geograph.org.uk - 175487.jpg
Kerris Manor Farmhouse
Kerris is located in Cornwall
Kerris
Kerris
Location within Cornwall
OS grid referenceSW443273
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPENZANCE
Postcode districtTR19
Dialling code01736
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireCornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°05′23″N 5°34′33″W / 50.08982°N 5.5759°W / 50.08982; -5.5759Coordinates: 50°05′23″N 5°34′33″W / 50.08982°N 5.5759°W / 50.08982; -5.5759

Kerris (Cornish: Kerys)[1] is a settlement in west Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is three miles (5 km) south-west of Penzance in the civil parish of Paul.[2] Kerris means "fort-place" in the Cornish language.[3]

Toponymy[edit]

In 1302 a document spells the name Veor Keris and other spellings have been Kerres (in 1310), Kyrrys (1337), Vean Kerrys (1440), Keres (1481), Kyrris (1668). (Veor means large or great and Vean means little).[4]

Antiquities[edit]

Several prehistoric relics can be found around Kerris including the Roundago (possibly an Iron Age hill fort) and the Kerris Standing Stone or menhir.[5] Several fields away is the Tresvannack Stone which stands around 3.5m tall with a further 1.2m below ground. In 1840 a pair of urns were found under a slab of granite at the base of the stone. The urns are now kept at Penlee Museum, Penzance. Kerris cross was damaged during the English Civil War and repaired by a local blacksmith in the 19th century with iron pins holding the granite head in position. In September 2011 the corroded pins were replaced by stainless steel pins. Medieval crosses, in situ, indicate the route to the parish church.[6]

Cross and former manor house

History[edit]

There is a former manor house, which is a grade II* listed building dating back to the 17th-century, possibly using earlier walls. Kerris was under three different ownerships until 1694. when Richard Pearce bought the three parts, Major alterations were carried out in 1721 by his son Richard Pearce (1693–1753) and in 1743 John Hawkins became the owner when Pearce and his wife, Maria, were declared bankrupt.[7]

In 1882 the freehold farm Kerris was advertised for sale by auction. It included a ″commodieus and substantially built farm house″ and about 80 acres (32 ha) of land. Approximately 65 acres (26 ha) was considered to be of good arable and pasture land, and 15 acres (6.1 ha) of croft which ″with very little expense could be brought into cultivation″.[8] The property was bought by the owner of an adjacent tenement, Mr Thomas Bedford Bolitho, for £4,320.[9]

A Weselyan chapel was opened in 1905.[10]

Culture[edit]

Kerris Brass Band was in attendance at Sheffield's Methodist New Connexion, annual Sunday school treat in June 1883.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel Archived 2013-05-15 at the Wayback Machine. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ Land's End (Map). Southampton: Ordnance Survey. 2015. ISBN 978 0 319 24304 6.
  3. ^ Weatherhill, Craig (2009) A Concise Dictionary of Cornish Place-Names. Westport, Mayo: Evertype ISBN 978-1-904808-22-0; p. 43
  4. ^ Pool, Peter A S (1985). The Place-names of West Penwith (Second ed.). Heamoor: PAS Pool. p. 55.
  5. ^ "Kerris - Standing Stone (Menhir)". The Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Medieval cross that marks path to church is repaired". Cornishman. 29 September 2011.
  7. ^ Historic England & 1327506
  8. ^ "Valuable Freehold Estate For Sale". The Cornishman (197 (187)). 20 April 1882. p. 1.
  9. ^ "Kerris". The Cornishman (200 (190)). 11 May 1882. p. 4.
  10. ^ "Kerris". The Cornishman (1396). 6 April 1905. p. 2.
  11. ^ "Paul". The Cornishman (258). 21 June 1883. p. 4.

Sources[edit]