7 December 1913
Narva, Estonia, Russian Empire
|Died||8 March 1986
Life and work
Kersti Merilaas was born Eugenie Moorberg in Narva, Estonia shortly before the outbreak of the First World War. She spent her early childhood in St. Petersburg, Russia with her mother, Anna Moorberg and sister. The family returned to Estonia in 1917 because of the turmoil of the Russian Revolution. From 1921 to 1927 she attended school in the village of Kiltsi, then furthered her studies in Väike-Maarja and Rakvere in Lääne-Viru County. In 1932 she completed high school in Tapa, Estonia.
From 1936 Kersti Merilaas lived in Tartu, where she was employed as a librarian. In 1935 she made her literary debut with a collection of poems titled Loomingus. She was a member of the influential group of Estonian poets brought together in 1938 by literary scholar Ants Oras who was greatly influenced by T. S. Eliot. The small circle of poets became known as Arbujad ("Soothsayers") and included Heiti Talvik, Paul Viiding, Betti Alver, Uku Masing and Bernard Kangro  That year, her anthology of poetry Maantee tuuled was published to much critical acclaim, particularly for its lyrical preoccupation with love and nature. Also in 1938 she joined the Estonian Writers Association.
After the Soviet occupation and annexation of Estonia in 1944, Merilaas' work was viewed by authorities as disreputable and promoting "bourgeois nationalism". In 1950 Merilaas was forced to resign from the Soviet Writers Association of Estonia. During this time Merilaas was allowed to continue writing children's literature. In 1960, after the relaxation of Soviet authorities, Merilaas was again permitted to write literature for adults.
Besides poetry and prose, Kersti Merilaas wrote libretti for three operas by Estonian composer Gustav Ernesaks and translated German works of Bertolt Brecht, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe into the Estonian language.
Kersti Merilaas died in Tallinn, Estonia in 1986 at the age of 72.
- Loomingus (1935)
- Maantee tuuled (1938)
- Rannapääsuke (1963)
- Kevadised koplid (1966)
- Kuukressid (1969)
- Antud ja võetud (1981)
- Munapühad (1940)
- Kallis kodu (collection of poems, 1944)
- Päikese paistel collection of poems (1948)
- Turvas (1950)
- Veskilaul (1959)
- Lugu mustast ja valgest (1962)
- Lumest lumeni (1982)
- Kui vanaema noor oli (poetry anthology, 1983)
- Kindakiri. – Варежки (poem in Estonian and Russian, 1986)
- Siit siiani. Piksepill (collection of poems, 1989. Posthumous)
- Kaks viimast rida (1973)
- Pilli-Tiidu (1974)
- Kiin, Sirje: Kersti Merilaas: luuletaja elu. Raamets, Tallinn 1989
- Hasselblatt, Cornelius: Geschichte der estnischen Literatur. Berlin, New York. 2006. ISBN 3-11-018025-1
- Väike-Maarja World
- Väike-Maarja World
- Kiltsi Põhikool
- Elic. A Short History of Estonian Literature: Literature in an independent Estonia: 1918–1940
- Lotman, Piret. Censorship During the Occupation of Estonia.
- Under and Tuglas Literature Centre of the Estonian Academy of Sciencies, Fridebert Tuglas Short Story Award