Keshiari

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Keshiari
কেশীয়ারি
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Keshiari is located in West Bengal
Keshiari
Keshiari
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°08′00″N 87°14′00″E / 22.133333°N 87.233333°E / 22.133333; 87.233333Coordinates: 22°08′00″N 87°14′00″E / 22.133333°N 87.233333°E / 22.133333; 87.233333
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 292.09 km2 (112.78 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 149,260
 • Density 510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721133 (Keshiary)
Telephone/STD code 03229
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 76.78%
Lok Sabha constituency Medinipur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Keshiary
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Keshiari (also spelled Keshiary) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in the Kharagpur subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Keshiari CD Block is a largely infertile area. In this block 60% of the cultivated area has lateritic soil and 40% has alluvial soil.[1]

Keshiari is located at 22°08′00″N 87°14′00″E / 22.133333°N 87.233333°E / 22.133333; 87.233333.

Keshiari CD Block is bounded by Kharagpur I CD Block in the north, Narayangarh CD Block in the east, Dantan I and Nayagram CD Blocks in the south and Sankrail CD Block in the west.[2][3]

It is located 40 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Keshiari CD Block has an area of 292.09 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 110 gram sansads (village councils), 220 mouzas and 202 inhabited villages. Keshiary police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Keshiary.[5]

Keshiari CD Block had a forest cover of 2,314 hectares, against a total geographical area of 29,352 hectares in 2005-06.[6]

Gram panchayats of Keshiari block/ panchayat samiti are: Baghasty, Gaganeswar, Ghritagram, Keshiari, Khajra, Kusumpur, Lalua, Nachipur and Santrapur.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Keshiary CD Block had a total population of 149,260, all of which were rural. There were 75,601 (51%) males and 73,659 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 16,984. Scheduled Castes numbered 34,260 (22.95%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 51,128 (34.25%).[8]

As per the 2001 census, Keshiari block had a total population of 131,983, out of which 67,298 were males and 64,685 were females. Keshiari block registered a population growth of 17.95 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Keshiari CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Keshiari (7,706) and Mahi Samura (5,010).[8]

Other villages in Keshiari CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Nachhipur (1,458), Santrapur (3,605), Kusumpur (1,174), Gaganeswar (2,575) and Lalua (269).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Keshiary CD Block was 101,557 (76.78% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 56,467 (84.39% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 45,090 (68.98% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 15.40%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by 55.93% of the tribal population of the district. The Bhumij, forming 11.16% of the tribal population, and the Mundas, forming 6.10% of the tribal population, speak Mundari. Other small groups include Koras and Mahalis. The Lodhas, forming 3.85% of the tribal population, the only primitive tribe in the district, speak Lodhi.[11]

Religion in Keshiari CD Block
Hindu
  
94.11%
Christian
  
1.47%
Muslim
  
1.39%
Others
  
3.03%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 140,467 and formed 94.11% of the population in Keshiari CD Block. Christians numbered 2,193 and formed 1.47% of the population. Muslims numbered 2,066 and formed 1.39% of the population. Others numbered 4,534 and formed 3.03% of the population.[12] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[13] and other religious communities.[12]

BPL families[edit]

In Keshiari CD Block 46.89% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[14]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[14]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

201 or 91% of mouzas in Keshiari CD block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[15]

201 mouzas in Keshiari CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 51 fertiliser depots, 3 seed stores and 37 fair price shops in the CD Block.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Keshiari CD Block

  Bargadars (7.15%)
  Patta holders (29.48%)
  Small farmers (3.03%)
  Marginal farmers (19.75%)
  Agricultural labourers (49.59%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[16]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Keshiari CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 7.15%, patta (document) holders 29.48%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.03%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 19.75% and agricultural labourers 40.59%.[15]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Keshiari CD Block was 20,720 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 11,827 hectares.[17]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominantly agricultural economy.[18]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Keshiari CD Block was 17,930 hectares, out of which 70 hectares were irrigated by tank water, 4,700 hectares by deep tubewells, 13,000 hectares by shallow tubewells and 150 hectares by river lift irrigation.[15]

In 2013-14, Keshiari CD Block produced 46,682 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 23,122 hectares, 3,535 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 1,512 hectares, 28,428 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 7,666 hectares and 78,761 tonnes of sugar cane from 357 hectares. It also produced oilseeds.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Keshiari CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks.[15]

Transport[edit]

Keshiari CD Block has 2 ferry services and 2 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 13 km from the CD Block headquarters.[15]

Keshiary gained in importance after the construction of the bridge over Subarnarekha River at Bhasara Ghat about 10 kilometers from Keshiary. It enables one to travel to Odisha.

There is a road to Gaganeshwar, where one of the historical durgos (fort) namely Kurumbera Fort is located. Another road connects to Kharagpur railway station about 25 kilometers from Keshiary and 13 kilometers to Belda Railway Station.

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Keshiari CD Block had 123 primary schools with 8,333 students, 19 middle schools with 895 students, 7 high schools with 4,000 students and 10 higher secondary schools with 10,325 students. Keshiari CD Block had 505 institutions for special and non-formal education with 12,118 students.[15]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Keshiari CD Block out of the total 122 primary schools in 2008-2009, 51 had pucca buildings, 28 partially pucca, 3 kucha and 40 multiple type.[19]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Keshiari CD had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres and 2 private nursing homes with total 68 beds and 12 doctors. It had 26 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 6,268 patients were treated indoor and 78,475 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). page 4-5 (About Paschim Medinipur), page 26 (Predominant Soil), pages 265- 268 (Identification of Flood prone areas, Names of drought prone blocks). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Keshiary Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 217 Scheduled Tribe Community. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016.