Keshpur (community development block)

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Keshpur
কেশপুর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Keshpur is located in West Bengal
Keshpur
Keshpur
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°33′16″N 87°27′40″E / 22.554497°N 87.461149°E / 22.554497; 87.461149Coordinates: 22°33′16″N 87°27′40″E / 22.554497°N 87.461149°E / 22.554497; 87.461149
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Area
 • Total 481.50 km2 (185.91 sq mi)
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 339,248
 • Density 700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721150 (Keshpur)
721122 (Anandapur)
Area code(s) 03225
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 85.24%
Lok Sabha constituency Ghatal
Vidhan Sabha constituency Keshpur
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Keshpur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Medinipur Sadar subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Electoral area control[edit]

After the 1998 panchayat elections, the Trinamool Congress started from this one-horse town, a programme to mobilise the surrounding villagers. It meant challenging the CPI(M)'s domination over the electoral process. It is widely suspected that particularly in the rural areas it followed a regime perfected by them in which the non-party voters were virtually debarred from voting. The Keshpur rebels began questioning this. From 1998 Keshpur was caught in bloody clashes between the CPI(M) and the Trinamul Congress over control of the area. Keshpur became a place synonymous with political vendetta and bloodshed.[1][2][3] As of 2016, Keshpur has continued with its political killing fields, the activities quite often spilling over to neighbouring areas such as Garhbeta.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Paschim Medinipur, located in the south-western part of West Bengal, was created with the partition of the erstwhile Midnapore district, then the largest district of India, on 1st January 2002. It ranks second in terms of geographical area (9,295.28  km2) amongst the districts of the state, next to South 24-Parganas (9,960  km2). It ranks third in terms of rural population (4.58 million) following South 24-Parganas (5.82 million) and Murshidabad (5.13 million). It ranked fourth in terms of percentage of tribal population (14.87) following Jalpaiguri (18.87), Purulia (18.27) and Dakshin Dinajpur (16.12) in 2011.[6]

Broadly speaking, there are two natural divisions of the district. NH 14 and NH 16 (old numbering NH 60) from Bankura to Balasore, cuts across the district and roughly is the dividing line between the two natural divisions. To the east of this road, the soil is fertile alluvial and the area is flat. To the west, the Chota Nagpur Plateau gradually slopes down creating an undulating area with infertile laterite rocks/ soil. The landscape changes from dense dry deciduous forests in the west to marshy wetlands in the east.[6]

The alluvial portion may be further subdivided into two divisions. First, it is a strip of purely deltaic country nearer to the Hooghly and the Rupnarayan, intersected by numerous rivers and water courses subject to tidal influences. Second, it is rest of the eastern half of the district. It is a monotonous rice plain with numerous waterways and tidal creeks intersecting it. The tidal creeks are lined with embankments to prevent flooding of the fields. Much of the area is water-logged.[6]

In Keshpur CD Block 75% of the cultivated area has alluvial soil and 25% has lateritic soil.[6]

Rivers[edit]

The river system of Paschim Medinipur district consists of the Rupnarayan, the Silabati or Silai, the Kangsabati or Kansai, the Subarnarekha and the Dulongs. The Silai enters the district from Bankura district, flows through the northern parts of Medinipur Sadar subdivision and then enters Ghatal subdivision and joins the Rupnarayan at Bhandar, 4 miles below Ghatal. The Kasai enters the district from Bankura district. It flows past Medinipur town, bifurcates into two channels, one of which joins the Rupnarayan. Purandar, Gopa, Chandaur and Kubai are important tributaries in the system. The Subarnarekha enters the district from East Singhbhum district in Jharkhand, flows through the southern part of Medinipur Sadar subdivision, intersects Gopiballavpur police station area, flows past Dantan town and enters Balasore district of Odisha.[6]

Floods and drought[edit]

Paschim Medinipur district is subject to both floods and drought. Ghatal and parts of Kharagpur subdivision covering an area of 142,647 hectares (1,426.47 km2) are flood prone. Water logging during the rainy season affects Ghatal and the southern parts of Kharagpur subdivion and results in loss of crops in such areas as Sabang, Pingla and Narayangarh CD Blocks.335,248 hectares (3,352.48 km2) in Jhargram and Medinipur Sadar subdivisions are drought prone. The drought situation is particularly severe in Jhargram subdivision. Although the district is away from the sea, cyclones hit it frequently in October-November.[6]

Location[edit]

Keshpur is located at 22°33′16″N 87°27′40″E / 22.554497°N 87.461149°E / 22.554497; 87.461149.

Keshpur CD Block is bounded by Garhbeta III and Chandrakona II CD Blocks in the north, Chandrakona I, Daspur I and Debra CD Blocks in the east, Kharagpur II and Midnapore Sadar CD Blocks in the south and Salboni CD Block in the west.[7][8]

It is located 24 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[7]

Area and administration[edit]

Keshpur CD Block has an area of 481.50  km2.[9]Keshpur police station serves this CD Block. Keshpur panchayat samity has 15 gram panchayats. The block has 562 inhabited villages.[10]Headquarters of this block is at Keshpur.

Forest[edit]

Pashim Medinipur has a forest cover of 171,935 hectares. The main products of the forest are: Sal, Teak, Babble, Mahua, Amla, broom sticks etc.[11] The main forested areas are Jhargram, Binpur, Nayagram, Garhbeta, Midnapore, Jambani, Gopiballavpur and Salboni.Keshpur CD Block has a forest cover of 4,758 hecatres, which is 9.98% of the reporting area of the CD Block.[10]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Keshpur block/ panchayat samiti are: Amanpur, Amarkuchi, Anandapur, Dhalhara, Enayatpur, Golar, Jagganathpur, Jhentla, Jorakeudi-Solidiha, Kalagram, Keshpur, Mugbasan, Sarishakhola, Sirsa and Teghori.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Keshpur CD Block had a total population of 339,248, all of which were rural. There were 173,504 (51%) males and 165,744 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 44,940. Scheduled Castes numbered 89,726 (26.45%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 19,616 (5.78%).[13]

As per 2001 census, Keshpur block had a total population of 288,494, out of which 147,743 were males and 140,751 were females. Keshpur block registered a population growth of 19.37 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[14]

Villages[edit]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Keshpur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Keshpur (4,577), Mugbasan (4,838) and Anandapur (11,461).[13]

Other villages in Keshpur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Enayatpur (1,478), Sarisha Khola (1,957), Amarkuchi (2,598), Teghari (1,393), Jagannathpur (2,932), Golar (2,023), Amanpur (1,707), Jorakendi (719), Shirsha (611), Kalagram (1,937) and Dhalhara (822).[13]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Keshpur CD Block was 229,218 (85.24% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 128,345 (85.24% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 100,873 (70.18% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 15.06%.[13]

As per the 2011 census, literacy in Paschim Medinipur district was 78.00%.[15]Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[16]Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[16]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate

Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[7]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Keshpur CD Block
Hindu
  
71.50%
Muslim
  
28.01%
Others
  
0.49%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 242,550 and formed 71.50% of the population in Keshpur CD Block. Muslims numbered 95,029 and formed 28.01% of the population. Others numbered 1,669 and formed 0.49% of the population.[17]Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[18] Christians and other religious communities.[17]

In 2011, Hindus numbered 5,056,953 and formed 85.52% of the population in Paschim Medinipur district. Muslims numbered 620,554 and formed 10.49% of the population. Others (including Christians) numbered 235,950 and formed 3.99% of the population. Christians numbered 23,287 and formed 0.39% of the population. In West Bengal, Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[17]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The district represents regional diversity in terms of physiographic, agro-climatic characteristics, economic development, social composition etc. Over 7,500 inhabited villages of the district reflect highly differential features and indicators of human development. There are pockets of prosperity in the eastern part and areas of distress in the western part. From 2009 Maoist violence rapidly spread across eleven western CD Blocks of the district: Binpur I, Binpur II, Salboni, Grahbeta II, Jamboni, Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Gopiballavpur I, Gopiballavpur II, Sankrail and Nayagram. [19]

The level of urbanisation in the district is low. In 2001 the percentage share of the urban population in the district was 11.90 against 27.96 in the state as a whole. Population density at 531 persons per  km2 was lower than the West Bengal average of 903 persons per  km2. The literacy rate has increased significantly from 39.80% in 1981 to 70.41% in 2001, but the gender gap in literacy rate (difference between female and male literacy rates) is substantial.[19]

There is high agricultural productivity differential across 29 blocks of the district. The differential being high across drought prone blocks of the western part of the district and substantially irrigated blocks of its eastern part. Low productivity of agriculture has considerable relevance for high level of poverty among households in the drought prone regions specially among the SCs and STs. The district is relatively backward in the development of infrastructure.[19]

Electrification was extended to 76.79% mouzas of the district by 2007. In Keshpur CD Block electricity was extended to 61.51% of mouzas by 2007.[19]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Keshpur CD Block out of the total 247 primary schools in 2008-2009, 87 had pucca buildings, 66 partially pucca, 1 kucha and 93 multiple type. In the district as a whole 43.6% of primary schools and 88.38% of upper primary schools had libraries, 30.99% primary schools (classes I – V) and 78.37% upper primary schools (classes VI to VIII) had play grounds, and 20.83% upper primary schools had computers. 62,697 sudents of primary schools and 242,728 students of upper primary schools were covered under the Midday Meal Scheme. Nayagram and Gopiballavpur I CD Blocks have been identified as educationally backward blocks and special efforts are being made through National Programme of Education for Girls at Elementary Level and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya hostels. These are the hostels for accommodating girl students from weaker sections of the society and all costs relating to their livelihood are borne by the government so that they are not to be deprived of availing elementary education for want of money or other social issues.[19]

As per the Rural Household Survey conducted in 2005 by the Department of Panchayats and Rural Development, Government of West Bengal, 43.79% of rural houselds in the district were Below Poverty Line against 34.12% in West Bengal.[19]

The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[19]

The loco shops of South Eastern Railway employed 3,983 persons, the carriage shops of South Eastern Railway employed 2,189 persons, the wagon repair shops of South Eastern Railway employed 1,700 persons. There were 14 units employing between 250 and 1,000 persons. All other industrial establishments in Paschim Medinipur employed less than 250 persons. More than 80% of Paschim Medinipur’s population depend on agricultural activities for a living.[19]

The dominant SC gropus in the district are Bagdi Dule, Dom, Jalia Kaibarta, Mal, Rajbanshi, Rajoyar, Keora, Bhimali, Bauri, and Tiyar. Ghatal sub-division has highest concentration of 24.95% SC population. The western part of the district shows more dense ST population. The Jhargram sub division has the highest concentration, i.e. 30.02% of total ST population. The major tribal communities of the district are Santhal, Bhumij, Munda, Lodha, Kora and Mahali. Among them, Lodha only belong to the primitive tribal group. Most of the STs live on agricultural labour. Many ST families move to the neighbouring districts in search of work, particularly during the cultivation season.[19]

(Note: Certain topics, such as Geography, Literacy, Education, Healthcare etc., are not/not fully covered here and are covered elsewhere in this page.)


Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

in 2003-04, in Keshpur CD Block had 2,000 hectares of canals, 750 hectares were irrigated with tank water, 1,010 hectares by deep tube wells and 5,038 hectares by shallow tube wells.[10]In 2006-07 in Keshpur CD Block 14.38% of the gross cropped area had facilities for irrigation..[20]

In 2003-04 Keshpur CD Block had 70 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 33 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 382 km surfaced roads and 997 km unsurfaced roads under Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti.[10]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2003-04 the farmers of Keshpur CD Block could be classified as follows: Bargadars 11.54%, patta (document) holders 37.00 %, small farmers 8.84%, marginal farmers 13.00% and agricultural labourers 29.63%.[10]

As of 2003-04, Keshpur CD Block had 8,653 hectares vested land, out of which 7,692 hectares were distributed amongst 43,732 persons.[10]

In 2003-04 net area sown in Keshpur CD Block was 35,575 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 18,200 hectares.[10]

In 2003-04 Keshpur CD Block produced 1,080 tonnes of Aus paddy from 560 hectares, 64,300 tonnes of Aman paddy from 28,300 hectares, 9,930 tonnes Boro paddy from 3,090 hectares, 2,980 tonnes Jute from 220 hectares, 2,230 tonnes wheat from 1,330 hectares and 171,900 tonnes of potatoes from 7,080 hectares.[10]

Pisciculture[edit]

In Keshpur CD Block 1,003 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 9,063 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 14,061 qtl.[10]

Transport[edit]

Keshpur CD Block has 3 ferry services and 8 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 22 km from the block headquarters.[10]

Education[edit]

In 2003-04, Keshpur CD Block had 244 primary schools with 28,011 students, 12 middle schools with 4,637 students, 17 high schools with 8,424 students and 12 higher secondary school with 10,013 students. Keshpur CD Block had 546 institutions with 29,750 students for special and non-formal education. Keshpur CD Block had 207 mass literacy centres[10]

Healthcare[edit]

Keshpur CD Block had 1 hospital, 3 health centres, 44 clinics and 2 dispensaries with 31 beds and 2 doctors in 2003.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Memories smoulder in the killing fields". The Times of India, 30 April 2009. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Jana, Naresh (2006-04-14). "Not in fray, but on all minds". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph, 14 April 2006. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  3. ^ Mary, John (2008-03-10). "Killing fields of Kerala's Keshpur". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph, 10 March 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  4. ^ "Sushanta named in muder FIR". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph, 24 October 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2016. 
  5. ^ Nandy, Chandan (20 April 2016). "Bengal's Violent Electoral Politics – No Badlav but lot of Badlaa". quint.com. Retrieved 24 July 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter I Introduction and Human Development Indices for Paschim Mednipur. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c "Keshpur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "District Statistical Handbook – 2004 – Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 4.4, 4.6, 8.2, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 18.4, 20.1, 21.1, 21.2. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Paschim Midanpur district" (PDF). Forests. MSME Development Institute. Retrieved 26 June 2016. 
  12. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  14. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  15. ^ "Paschim Medinipur (West Midnapore) District: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  16. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  17. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  18. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 4-16, 38, 60-75, 176-178, 251, 263,271. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 146, Table 5.19, Percentage Share of Irrigated Area. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016.