Ketchikan International Airport
|Ketchikan International Airport|
|IATA: KTN – ICAO: PAKT – FAA LID: KTN|
|Owner||State of Alaska DOT&PF – Southeastern Region|
|Elevation AMSL||92 ft / 28 m|
Ketchikan International Airport (IATA: KTN, ICAO: PAKT, FAA LID: KTN) is a state-owned, public-use airport located one nautical mile (2 km) west of the central business district of Ketchikan, a city in Ketchikan Gateway Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska which has no direct road access to the outside world nor to the airport. The airport is located on Gravina Island, just west of Ketchikan on the other side of the Tongass Narrows. Passengers must take a seven-minute ferry ride across the water to get to the airport from the town.
As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 108,837 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 96,996 enplanements in 2009, and 100,138 in 2010. It is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a primary commercial service airport (more than 10,000 enplanements per year).
Around the World War II era until the early 1970s, longer range land plane air service to Ketchikan including flights to Seattle were operated via an old military airfield located approximately 20 air miles to the south on Annette Island. Aircraft operated into the Annette Island Airport (ANN) for flights in the local southeast Alaska area included the Grumman Goose and Catalina PBY with these amphibian aircraft being utilized to link the airport with the Ketchikan Harbor Seaplane Base. Longer range flights were operated with Douglas DC-4 prop aircraft flown by Pan American World Airways during the 1940s followed by Douglas DC-6 and Boeing 377 Stratocruiser aircraft. Other service into Annette Island included Lockheed Constellation propliners flown by Pacific Northern Airlines during the 1950s and Boeing 707 jetliners flown by Pan Am in the early 1960s. In addition, Annette Island was served with Boeing 720 jetliners operated by Pacific Northern and successor Western Airlines later during the 1960s. Alaska Airlines also operated into Annette Island Airport prior to moving its jet service to Ketchikan International Airport with the opening of this new airfield.
The current airport was opened on August 4, 1973 and was dedicated on the following day. The airport opening was the culmination of an effort by local residents, a 1965 study by the Alaska State Division of Aviation, another study in 1967 choosing the current site on Gravina Island, and land clearing in 1969. One of the first airlines to serve the new airport was Alaska Airlines which inaugurated the first jet service from Seattle to Ketchikan International Airport on August 4, 1973 with a Boeing 720 jetliner. Alaska Air primarily operated Boeing 727-100, 727-200 and 737-200 jetliners (including 737 passenger/cargo Combi aircraft) into the airport before switching to later model Boeing 737 jets. Alaska Airlines has flown from the airport for over 40 years and also operated Grumman Goose and Super Catalina amphibian aircraft into the seaplane base serving Ketchikan prior to the opening of the airfield in 1973. Other airlines that operated jet service into the airport in the past included Wien Air Alaska and MarkAir with both air carriers flying Boeing 737 jets as well as Western Airlines operating Boeing 727-200 jetliners.
Facilities and aircraft
Ketchikan International Airport covers an area of 2,600 acres (1,052 ha) at an elevation of 92 feet (27 m) above mean sea level. It has one asphalt paved runway designated 11/29 which measures 7,500 by 150 feet (2,286 x 46 m).
In 2004, a new taxiway "Bravo" was added to facilitate taxiing to the end of the frequently used runway 11 (the runway is located about 30 feet (9.1 m) higher than the apron further up the hillside, requiring long, gently sloped taxiways to either end). Before that taxiway, some smaller planes were allowed to use taxiway "Alpha" to take off and land because it was not worthwhile to backtaxi on the actual runway. In addition this allows the airport's system of taxiways to be used by more than one plane at once. More recently the airport is applying to construct another runway on a different heading which is better suited to handle the infamous crosswinds, sometimes up to 90 knots (170 km/h). These winds have been known to blow approaching planes out across Tongass Narrows in certain conditions.
For the 12-month period ending January 1, 2011, the airport had 15,959 aircraft operations, an average of 43 per day: 61% air taxi, 33% scheduled commercial, 5% general aviation, and 1% military. At that time there were five aircraft based at this airport: 60% single-engine, 20% multi-engine, and 20% jet.
Ketchikan International Airport Ferry
Because the international airport is on a sparsely populated island separated from Ketchikan, a ferry connects the airport to the city. The ferry alternately leaves Gravina Island or Revillagigedo Island every fifteen minutes and crosses Tongass Narrows with passengers and freight. The attempt to replace this ferry with a bridge became the object of national attention in 2005 that labeled the bridge the "bridge to nowhere". The ferry is one of three ferries that services Ketchikan daily.
Proposed road access
There is no road access between Ketchikan and the airport. A bridge, sometimes referred to as the "bridge to nowhere", was proposed costing an estimated $398 million. After protracted attention to the high cost of the bridge, the U.S. federal government changed its original decision to fund the bridge in 2007. The money was transferred to the state of Alaska to determine the use of the funds.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines offer scheduled passenger service:
|Alaska Airlines||Anchorage, Juneau, Petersburg, Seattle/Tacoma, Sitka, Wrangell|
|Delta Connection||Seasonal: Seattle/Tacoma|
|Promech Air||Craig, Hollis, Klawock, Metlakatla, Thorne Bay|
Alaska Airlines flies Boeing 737-400 and 737-800 jetliners while Delta Connection operated by SkyWest Airlines flies Canadair CRJ-700 regional jets into the airport. Alaska Airline's flights includes Boeing 737-400 passenger/cargo Combi aircraft as well as all-cargo Boeing 737-400 jet freighter service.
|9||Thorne Bay, AK||1,000||Promech|
|Alaska Central Express (ACE Air Cargo)||Anchorage, Juneau, Petersburg, Wrangell|
|Ameriflight||Seattle-Boeing Field (BFI), Vancouver (YVR)|
Charter and flightseeing
- Family Air Tours
- Misty Fjords Air
- Pacific Airways
- SeaWind Aviation
- Southeast Aviation
- An Alaska Airlines Boeing 727-100 overran the southern end of the runway on April 5, 1976 in rainy weather. The aircraft was attempting to land, but the braking seemed sluggish after the fast landing, so the pilot decided to perform a go around. The thrust reversers on the engines didn't fully disengage, so the engines did not rev up enough to allow a takeoff. The pilot aborted the takeoff and the aircraft overran the runway by 700 feet (210 m). One of the 50 passengers on board died. The 727 trijet subsequently caught fire.
- An Aero Vodochody L-39MS high performance jet trainer crashed during approach on January 25, 2006. The aircraft attempted to land in blowing snow and poor visibility, but struck the water three times before regaining some altitude. Witnesses reported hearing the jet's engines stop, then watching it descend into a large lot. The pilot ejected just before the plane crashed into an occupied mobile home, but struck a tree while in his ejection seat.
- Ketchikan Harbor Seaplane Base (IATA: WFB, FAA LID: 5KE)
- FAA Airport Master Record for KTN ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective May 31, 2012.
- Taxpayers for Common Sense (August 22, 2005). "$315 Million Bridge to Nowhere" (PDF). Retrieved November 6, 2006.[dead link]
- "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009. External link in
- "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011. External link in
- "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF, 2.03 MB). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010. External link in
- http://www.timetableimages.com, Sept. 2, 1958 Pacific Northern Airlines system timetable
- http://www.timetableimages.com, Nov. 1, 1947 & Aug. 1, 1963 Pan American World Airways system timetables
- http://www.timetableimages.com, Oct. 1, 1965; Aug. 1, 1967 Pacific Northern Airlines system timetables & Aug. 1, 1968 Western Airlines system timetable
- "Alaska Airlines" by Cliff & Nancy Hollenbeck, http://www.hollenbeckproductions.com
- "Ketchikan International Airport History". Borough.ketchikan.ak.us. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- "Alaska Airlines" by Cliff & Nancy Hollenbeck, page 143
- http://www.departedflights.com, Feb. 1, 1975 Alaska Airlines system timetable
- http://www.timetableimages.com, June 1, 1969 & Sept. 14, 1970 Alaska Airlines system timetables
- http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1983 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Seattle-Ketchikan schedules
- http://www.borough.ketchikan.ak.us/airport/airport_ferry.htm Ketchikan Gateway Borough
- http://www.ketchikanalaska.com/ferryservices.html Ketchikan Alaska Ferry Services
- "Alaska ends plan for 'Bridge to Nowhere'". MSNBC. September 21, 2007. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- http://www.alaskaair.com/content/cargo/cargo-home, Freighter and Combi Schedule
- http://www.alaskaair.com/content/cargo/cargo-home, Freighter and Combi Schedule
- Ketchikan Gateway Borough: Airport Page
- Topographic map from USGS The National Map
- (PDF), effective September 17, 2015
- FAA Terminal Procedures for Ketchikan International (KTN), effective September 17, 2015
- Resources for this airport:
- TITLE 14 V2 Part 93 Subpart M: Additional Procedures