Kettlebell lifting

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Russian stamp with kettlebell lifting theme (snatch and jerk depicted).

Kettlebell Sport lifting (Russian: гиревой спорт, girevoy sport "GS") is a repetitive weight lifting sport performed with kettlebells in a given period of time. Competitive kettlebell lifting has a long history in Russia and Eastern Europe, but developed as an organised, standard sport under the name kettlebell lifting during the 1960s.[1]

Lifts[edit]

The sport consists of three main lifts: the snatch, jerk and the long cycle.[2][3][4] Jerk and Long Cycle can be performed with one bell or two kettlebells of equal weight.

  • Snatch: A single kettlebell is swung using one hand from between the knees to above the head in a single motion.[5][6]
  • Jerk: Two kettlebells are grasped in each arm at chest level and stabilised in the 'rack position', then jerked above the head. It can be performed with one kettlebell.[7]
  • Long Cycle: Two kettlebells are cleaned from knee level to chest level, then jerked to above the head. It can be performed with one kettlebell.[8]

Rules[edit]

Valery Fedorenko demonstrates a basic snatch manoeuvre. Red (32 kg), green (24 kg), yellow (16 kg), and blue (12 kg) standard kettlebells are seen.

Classic competition format is usually composed of two to three categories; biathlon, long cycle and snatch. The lifter is given ten minutes for each event to perform as many repetitions as possible. They include:

  • Biathlon involves the girevik (kettlebell lifter) performing a set of jerks for ten minutes, with at least 1 hour rest, followed by a set of snatches for ten minutes. Bells cannot be set down or the set is over. When using one bell, only one arm switch is allowed. Jerk reps receive one point. Snatch reps receive .5 points. Biathlon score is the combined jerk and snatch points.
  • Long cycle involves the girevik performing a set of clean and jerks for ten minutes. Bells cannot be set down or the set is over. When using one bell, only one arm switch is allowed. Each rep is 1 point.
  • Snatch is a ten minute set with only one arm switch allowed. Bell cannot be set down or the set is over. When using one bell, only one arm switch is allowed. Each rep is 1 point.

Competition kettlebell colours are 8 kg (Pink), 12 kg (Blue), 16 kg (Yellow), 20 kg (Purple), 24 kg (Green), 28 kg (Orange), 32 kg (Red).[9] Traditional competitions require the male lifter to use 1-pood (16 kg), 1.5-pood (24 kg), and 2-pood (32 kg) competition kettlebells of similar size with identifying colours.[10][11] Some competitive federations allow 8kg, 12kg, 16kg, 20kg & 24kg for women and 16kg, 20kg, 24kg, 28kg, 32kg, 40kg for men.

Terminology[edit]

  • KB – often used abbreviation for kettlebell.
  • Pendulum – path the kettlebell takes as it moves from between the legs to either the rack or overhead position in Snatch.
  • Swing--kettlebell movement that involves moving the bell in a pendulum motion from between the legs to the overhead position. Basic and start up kettlebell exercise. Can be performed with one or two hands. There are two variations: Russian swing and American swing.[12][13]
    • Backswing – the portion of the swing or snatch in which the bell is moving backward between the legs.
    • Upswing – the portion of the swing or snatch in which the bell is moving forward and up towards the top of the swing or overhead position.
  • Rack position – the V-position of the shoulder, elbow, and wrist on the torso where the kettlebell rests between repetitions of jerk or long cycle. Ideally the elbow rests on the top portion of the hip joint.
  • Lockout – when the arm is fully extended in the overhead position---wrist over shoulder, and the knees are straight as if you are standing in an upside down handstand.
  • Joint stacking – Ensuring proper alignment of joints in overhead lockout position, meaning a straight line can be drawn from wrist to elbow to shoulder to hip to knees to ankles.
  • Fixation – when the lifter and kettlebell completely stop all movement at the completion of a repetition, the component of a lift that determines whether the repetition will be counted towards the competition score; also a chance to rest
  • Clean – kettlebell movement that involves moving the bell using the hips in a pendulum motion from between the legs to chest level in front of the body in the Rack position or the top of the swing position.
    • Hang clean –
  • Jerk – kettlebell movement that uses the triple extension (see definition below) to launch the kettlebell from the rack position to overhead position.[14] Jerk begins with a dynamic push-press (see definition below) with the heels lifting, followed by a squat under the overhead lockout and finishing with standing up with straight legs.
    • OAJ – one arm jerk--using one kettlebell
    • Double Jerk, Jerk or TAJ (two arm jerk) – uses 2 kettlebells
  • Triple extension – Full extension of the hips, knees, and ankles that provides the power to launch the kettlebell overhead in the jerk movement.
  • Long Cycle (also called long jerk or (kettlebell) clean and jerk) – kettlebell movement that is composed of the clean, followed by the jerk, then a drop to the rack and the re-cleaned for the next jerk.
    • TALC – two arm long cycle, meaning long cycle with two kettlebells
    • OALC – one arm long cycle, meaning long cycle with one kettlebell
  • Snatch – kettlebell movement that uses the legs and hips to move the kettlebell from the swing into the overhead position.
    • Half snatch – kettlebell movement in which dropping into rack is substituted for the snatch drop.
    • Black snatch – a method of training grip and endurance for snatch in which one or multiple swings are added before each snatch. Repeat for desired amount of time (or until you drop the bell).
    • Olympic snatch – A style of snatch in which the backswing is eliminated and the bell moves in a straighter path up and down, often employed once the lifter’s forearms have fatigued at the end of a set.
    • Hang snatch –
  • Switch –when the lifter changes the arm used with the kettlebell. – one switch rule (classic International Union of Kettlebell Lifting competition) or unlimited/multiple switches rule (marathon International Kettlebell Marathon Federation competition).
    • Speed switch –
    • Single/one hand switch –
    • Two hand switch – not allowed.
  • Static/dead hang – when the lifter is just holding the Kbell without moving--Not allowed in competitions.
  • Rebounding – not allowed
  • Push press – kettlebell movement that utilizes strength from legs to get the bell to the overhead position.
  • Clean and push Press – kettlebell movement that is composed of the clean, followed by the push press.
  • Press / military press – kettlebell movement that relies on the strength of the arm alone to get to the overhead position.
  • Clean and press – kettlebell movement that is composed of the clean, followed by the press.
  • Kettlebell high pulls / kettlebell standing pull-up – kettlebell movement; kettlebell is between the feet then grabbed with both arms maintaining flat back then ascended and raised to waist followed by pulling it directly in front of the face (elbows stay high and reach eye height (handle is at chin level)).
  • Windmill – kettlebell movement; stance is wider than shoulder width. Kettlebell is held above head with straight arms. If KB is held in the right hand, the body is inclining to left side in an attempt to touch floor with left hand and vice versa.
  • Set – length of time a kettlebell lift is performed for.
  • RPM – repetitions per minute, which is used to pace a kettlebell set.
  • Kettlebell coefficient – allows comparing results achieved using kettlebells of different weights in the same weight class and in the same discipline (each KB weight has an assigned coefficient). Score is then calculated as number of repetitions x KB coefficient. Used in Ultimate Girevik Cup.
  • (kettlebell) grips – regular grip, reverse grip, pinch grip, finger grip, ball grip.
  • (kettlebell) holds – 1 KB/2 hands, 1 KB/1 hand, 2 KB/1 hand (holds both kettlebells), 2 KB/2 hands (each holds a kettlebell), 2 KB Squared (2 hands hold 2 kettlebells in each hand).
    • one hand holds - one hand hold, horn, bottom up.
    • two hand holds - two hand hold, horn squeeze, horn taffy pull, two hand bottom up, waiter, crusher, foot in handle, farmer hold.
  • kettle clamp – gear that enables transformation of ordinary dumbbell into a kettlebell.

Organizations[edit]

The main international sanctioning body is the International Union of Kettlebell Lifting based in Riga, Latvia.[15] The All-Russia Kettlebell Lifting Federation (Всероссийская федерация гиревого спорта) is also a member of the International Union of Kettlebell Lifting (IUKL). A competitor organisation of lesser importance is the International Girya Sport Federation (IGSF), founded in Lipetsk, Russia but currently based in Ukraine.[16] In 2006, Valery Fedorenko, a former world champion from Kyrgyzstan founded the World Kettlebell Club in the United States (WKC).[17] In 2012, The American Kettlebell Alliance[18] (AKA)as founded to further develop and popularize kettlebell sport in the Americas. The American Kettlebell Alliance is also a member of the International Union of Kettlebell Lifting and represents American athletes in international competitions including the world championships, which is the largest and most prestigious annual international kettlebell sport competition in the world. The International Kettlebell Marathon Federation is main organisation for marathon kettlebell lifting which was previously sanctioned by IGSF.

World Kettlebell Sport Federation (WKSF) was organized in 2018 offering a platform for countries to compete in the sport as it is being considered for the Olympics.

International Kettlebell Marathon Federation (IKMF) hosts competitions using the traditional lifts (One arm--jerk, snatch, long cycle. Two arm-jerk, long cycle) for 30 minute and 60 minute sets. "Ultra-marathons" are 2+hours. Arms can multi-switch for one bell lifts. If the bell/bells are set down before the time limit--NONE of the reps count.

There are organizations, besides federations, which promote sport of kettlebell lifting, educate and license coaches and determine conditions for titles of mastery in sport of kettlebell lifting; more notable ones are: KetAcademy, International Kettlebell and Fitness Federation, StrongFirst, World Kettlebell, Girevoy Sport Union, International Kettlebell Sport & Fitness Academy, Kettlebell Athletica.
World Association of Kettlebell Sport Clubs is an association of sport clubs and organizations who practice kettlebell sport as their professional occupation. It also organizes World Championships (individual and team (club affiliation)).

World Championships[edit]

International Union of Kettlebell Lifting[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 2010 [[]] {{}}
2 2011 [[]] {{}}
3 2012 [[]] {{}}
4 2013 [[]] {{}}
5 2014 [[]] {{}}
6 2015 Dublin Ireland
7 2016 Actobe  Kazakhstan
8 2017 Seoul  South Korea


World Association of Kettlebell Sport Clubs[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 2017 [[]] {{}}
2 2018 Costa Mesa  United States

References[edit]

  1. ^ ИСТОРИЯ ГИРЕВОГО СПОРТА
  2. ^ "Exercises: Snatch". World Kettlebell Club. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Exercises: Jerk". World Kettlebell Club. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Exercises: Long Cycle". World Kettlebell Club. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  5. ^ "Exercises: Snatch". World Kettlebell Club. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Superhero Fit Workout Move of the Day: Kettlebell High Pull". Men's Health. 2018-08-10. Retrieved 2018-08-23.
  7. ^ "Exercises: Jerk". World Kettlebell Club. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  8. ^ "Kettlebell Long Cycle". One Hour Long Cycle. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014.[dead link]
  9. ^ http://kettlebellathletica.com.au/wgp/about/kettlebell-sport/
  10. ^ РЕГЛАМЕНТ ПРОВЕДЕНИЯ ОФИЦИАЛЬНЫХ МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫХ СОРЕВНОВАНИЙ МСГС ПО ГИРЕВОМУ СПОРТУ В 2011 ГОДУ Archived 2012-07-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ ХАРАКТЕР И ПРОГРАММА СОРЕВНОВАНИЙ
  12. ^ McCoy, Jenny. "This Single-Leg Squat Will Strengthen Your Entire Lower Body". SELF. Retrieved 2018-08-23.
  13. ^ These Are *All* the Muscles You Work with a Kettlebell Swing, retrieved 2018-08-23
  14. ^ "Intro To Kettlebell Sport Part 6: The Jerk". Kettlebell Kings. Retrieved 2018-08-23.
  15. ^ International Union of Kettlebell Lifting.
  16. ^ International Girya Sport Federation
  17. ^ World Kettlebell Club
  18. ^ "AKA Sport | USA Non-profit Kettlebell Association – Exclusive USA". aka-sport.org. Retrieved 2016-03-07.