Kettledrum (horse)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kettledrum
Kettledrum2.jpg
Painting of Kettledrum by Harry Hall
Sire Rataplan
Grandsire The Baron
Dam Hybla
Damsire The Provost
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1858
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Colour Chestnut
Breeder James Cookson
Owner Charles Towneley
Trainer George Oates
Record 8: 4-2-0
Earnings £
Major wins
Epsom Derby (1861)
Doncaster Cup (1861)
Honours
Kettledrum Inn, near Burnley, named in his honour.

Kettledrum (1858–1885) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted from August 1860 to September 1861 he ran eight times and won four races. As a three-year-old in 1861, he won the Epsom Derby and the Doncaster Cup and finished second in the 2000 Guineas and the St Leger. At the end of the season he was retired to stud where he had limited success, and was later exported to Austria-Hungary.

Background[edit]

Kettledrum was a big, powerful[1] chestnut horse bred at Croft-on-Tees by James Cookson. As a yearling he was put up for sale at Doncaster and was bought for 400 guineas[2] by the trainer George Oates on behalf of his patron, Charles Towneley of Towneley Hall in Burnley, Lancashire.[3]

Kettledrum’s sire, Rataplan, was a top-class racehorse who won forty-two races including the Doncaster Cup and the Cambridgeshire Handicap. He was a successful stallion but was even more successful as a sire of broodmares, being the damsire of the Derby winners Cremorne and Kisber.[4] Kettledrum’s dam, Hybla, was an excellent broodmare who had already produced the 1854 Epsom Oaks winner Mincemeat.

Racing career[edit]

1860: two-year-old season[edit]

Kettledrum made his debut in a race at York in August which he won despite not being fully fit. He was unsuccessful when running again at the same meeting.

In September he ran behind Walloon in the Champagne Stakes at Doncaster. He had done enough, however, to establish himself as a contender for the following year's Classics, being offered by bookmakers at odds of 8/1 for the 2000 Guineas and 20/1 for the Derby.[5]

1861: three-year-old season[edit]

Kettledrum took time to reach full fitness in the spring of 1861 and suffered from dental problems which affected his training. On his seasonal debut he ran in the South of England for the first time in the 2000 Guineas at Newmarket. He started 4/1 second favourite and finished second of the sixteen runners behind Diophantus.[6] Kettledrum was beaten three lengths but appeared slightly unlucky in running as his rider, James Snowden had been unable to find space for a clear run at a crucial stage.[7]

The St Hubert's Church building at Dunsop Bridge was financed by Charles Towneley from Kettledrum's Derby winnings.

Oates continued to supervise Kettledrum’s training, but moved the colt to a base in Lambourn[3] to complete his preparation for the Derby. At Epsom on Wednesday, 29th May, 1861 he started at odds of 12/1 in a field of eighteen runners, with Dundee starting the 3/1 favourite. There was much criticism of the state of the Epsom course, which had been badly neglected and was strewn with rubbish.[3] The race was marred by a faulty start which saw several runners left at the start. Ridden by Ralph Bullock, Kettledrum was always prominent and moved up to take the lead from Diophantus in the straight. He was strongly challenged by Dundee on the wide outside and the two colts raced almost level into the final furlong. At this point the favourite faltered, having sustained an injury to his foreleg and Kettledrum was able to win comfortably by a length.[8] Towneley reportedly used his winnings to pay for the building of a new Catholic Church at Dunsop Bridge, Lancashire.[9]

Kettledrum did not race again until September 18 when he started 11/8 favourite for the St Leger at Doncaster. He did not help his own chances by misbehaving before the race and causing several false starts. In the race he ran in second place in the early stages before going to the front before half way and leading the field into the straight. Most of the opposition dropped away, but the filly Caller Ou, an unconsidered 66/1 outsider, emerged as a challenger. The two horses drew away from the field and raced together throughout the closing stages before the filly gained the advantage and won by a head. Two days later Kettledrum reappeared in the Doncaster Cup over two and a half miles. He took the lead in the straight and after an "exciting set-to" he ran a dead heat with the Epsom Oaks winner Brown Duchess, to whom he was conceding ten pounds. Brown Duchess's connections declined to take part in a deciding run-off, enabling Kettledrum to walk over for the prize money.[10] He was allowed to walk over again in the Select Stakes at Newmarket in October and was then retired to stud.[11]

Stud career[edit]

Kettledrum Inn in Mereclough named after the Derby winner

Kettledrum was not a great success as a stallion. His most significant offspring was Lady Langden, who produced the Champion sire Hampton. He is therefore an ancestor of the American champion Man o' War. Kettledrum was put up for sale along with the rest of Towneley's horses in 1870. In 1872 he was sold again, this time for 4000 guineas to Count Forgach and exported in to stand in Hungary where his last known foals were conceived in 1881. Kettledrum died in 1885 at the Count's stud at Nagy Szalancz.[11]

Honours[edit]

In the year of Kettledrum's Derby win a public house at Mereclough, in the parish of Cliviger near Burnley, was renamed The Kettledrum Inn in his honour. There is some speculation that the winnings from Kettledrum's Derby win paid for the pub, but there is evidence of an inn and alehouse having been on the site since the 1820s. It may be the case that the winnings paid for a refit or extension, but nothing more. The pub survives to the present day and is widely recognised as one of the best country pubs in the area (September 2014).[12]

Shortly after the pub was refurbished in early 2014, a couple visiting the UK from Australia donated an unusual memento to the owners in the shape of a silver-mounted ink-well fashioned from a horse's hoof. They claimed that the hoof was actually taken from Kettledrum after his death, and the underside of this somewhat grisly item does indeed have "Kettledrum 1861" scratched into it. However, there is absolutely no provenance for this item and many feel that the hoof and the attached shoe are too small to be that of a racehorse.

Writing under the pseudonym "Kettledrum" named after the Derby winner, Edward Hulton was the original tipster of the Sporting Chronicle newspaper he founded in 1871.[13][14] A tipping column was written by others under the same pseudonym until the newspaper closed in 1983.[15]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Kettledrum (GB), chestnut stallion, 1858
Sire
Rataplan (GB)
1850
The Baron
1842
Birdcatcher Sir Hercules
Guiccioli
Echidna Economist
Miss Pratt
Pocahontas
1837
Glencoe Sultan
Trampoline
Marpessa Muley
Clare
Dam
Hybla (GB)
1846
The Provost
1836
The Saddler Waverley
Castrellina
Rebecca Lottery
Cervantes mare
Otisina
1837
Liverpool Tramp
Whisker mare
Otis Bustard
Election mare (Family: 3-j)

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Farmer's magazine - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  2. ^ "TURF PENCILLINGS. ENGLISH RACING, BY "THE DRUID". The Empire (newspaper). 22 Oct 1860. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  3. ^ a b c Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane’s. ISBN 0-354-08536-0. 
  4. ^ Patricia Erigero Thoroughbred Heritage. "Pocahontas". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  5. ^ "LATEST ENGLISH BETTING,". Bell's Life in London. 23 Mar 1861. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  6. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1990). Horse Racing: Records, Facts, Champions(Third Edition). Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-902-1. 
  7. ^ "NEWMARET FIRST SPRING MEETING. APRIL 30". Bell's Life. 20 Jul 1861. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  8. ^ "Sporting". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. 7 September 1861. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  9. ^ Rosthorn, Andrew (2011-07-19). "'Too good for London', Sir Paul Stephenson will find a welcome at the Kettledrum's bar - Home News - UK". The Independent. Retrieved 2011-12-26. 
  10. ^ "Sporting. THE DONCASTER ST. LEGER". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. 21 December 1861. Retrieved 2011-12-25. 
  11. ^ a b Maycock, W. (21 December 1895). "The after life of English Derby winners" (PDF). The Spirit of the Times. p. 736. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  12. ^ Best Pub Walks in Lancashire - Neil Coates - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-26. 
  13. ^ Lambie, James (2010). The Story of Your Life: A History of the Sporting Life Newspaper (1859–1998). Leicester: Matador. pp. 118–119. ISBN 9781848762916. 
  14. ^ Clapson, Mark (1992). A Bit of a Flutter: Popular Gambling and English Society, c. 1823–1961. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 29. ISBN 9780719034367. 
  15. ^ "Obituaries – Graham Rock". The Telegraph. 16 November 2001. Retrieved 29 August 2013. In 1982 he moved to the Sporting Chronicle, where under the nom de plume "Kettledrum" he wrote a daily front-page tipping column.