Ketugram II

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Ketugram II
কেতুগ্রাম II
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Ketugram II is located in West Bengal
Ketugram II
Ketugram II
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°42′41″N 88°05′55″E / 23.71139°N 88.09861°E / 23.71139; 88.09861
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bolpur
Assembly constituency Ketugram
Area
 • Total 61.79 sq mi (160.03 km2)
Elevation 85 ft (26 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,118,567
 • Density 18,000/sq mi (7,000/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713140 (Ketugram)
713130 (Gangatikuri)
Telephone/STD code 03453
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 65.96 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Ketugram II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Katwa subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Gangatikuri, a gram panchayat in Ketugram II CD Block, is located at 23°42′41″N 88°05′55″E / 23.7115°N 88.0985°E / 23.7115; 88.0985. Ketugram II CD Block is part of the Kanksa Ketugram plain and the Bhagirathi basin. The Ajay forms the southern boundary of the CD Block before joining the Bhagirathi. The soil is alluvial of recent origin.[1]

Ketugram II CD Block is bounded by Bharatpur II CD Block, in Murshidabad district, on the north, Kaliganj CD Block, in Nadia district across the Bhagirathi, on the east, Katwa I and Mangolkote CD Blocks on the south and Ketugram I CD Block on the west.[2][3]

It is located 64 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[2]

Ketugram II CD Block has an area of 160.03 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 90 gram sansads (village councils), 56 mouzas and 55 inhabited villages. Ketugram police station serves this block.[4]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Gangatikuri.[5]

Gram panchayats of Ketugram II block/panchayat samiti are: Billeswar, Gangatikuri, Ketugram, Mougram, Nabagram, Nirole and Sitahati.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Ketugram II CD Block had a total population of 118,567, all of which were rural. There were 61,413 (52%) males and 57,154 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 13,443. Scheduled Castes numbered 43,442 (36.64%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 692 (0.58%).[7]

As per 2001 census, Ketugram II block had a total population of 107,011, out of which 55,278 were males and 51,733 were females. Ketugram II block registered a population growth of 12.82 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[8]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]Scheduled castes at 39,197 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 872.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Ketugram II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Ketugram (9,990), Nirol (7,031), Srirampur (4,043), Gangatikuri (4,053), Baharan (4,562), Keuguri (4,682), Maugram (6,927) and Char Sujapur (4,696).[7]

Other villages in Ketugram II CD Block included (2011census figures in brackets): Sitahati (1,262), Nabagram (1,683) and Billeswar (3,625).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Ketugram II CD Block was 69,335 (65.96% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 39,072 (71.65% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 30,263 (59.82% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 11.83%.[7]

As per the 2001 census, Ketugram II block had a total literacy of 61.06 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 68.75 per cent female literacy was 52.88 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate

Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

In 2001, Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[12]

Religion in Ketugram II CD Block
Hindu
  
79.75%
Muslim
  
20.15%
Christian
  
0.03%
Others
  
0.07%

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 94,555 and formed 79.75% of the population in Ketugram II CD Block. Muslims numbered 23,895 and formed 20.15% of the population. Christians numbered 38 and formed 0.03% of the population. Others numbered 79 and formed 0.07% of the population.[13]

In Bardhaman district, the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[14]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from hosehold survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Ketugram II CD Block was 36.07%.[15]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Ketugram II CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 26.46%, agricultural labourers 44.05%, household industry workers 6.27% and other workers 23.21%.[16]

In Ketugram II CD Block, cultivators or agricultural labourers formed a large portion of the workforce, comparatively less workers were engaged in the secondary and tertiary sectors. In the decade 1991-2001 cultivators decreased and the secondary and tertiary sectors increased.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 56 or 100% of mouzas in Ketugram II CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

All 56 mouzas in Ketugram II CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 53 fertiliser depots and 37 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Ketugram II CD Block

  Bargadars (5.60%)
  Patta holders (9.64%)
  Small farmers (7.31%)
  Marginal farmers (24.40%)
  Agricultural labourers (53.06%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[18]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Ketugram II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 5.60%, patta (document) holders 9.64%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 7.31%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 24.40% and agricultural labourers 53.06%.[16]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Ketugram II CD Block was 11,502 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 8,790 hectares.[19]

In 2013-14, Ketugram II CD Block produced 25,318 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 8,431 hectares, 31,645 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 7,696 hectares, 394 tonnes of wheat from 145 hectare, 4,383 tonnes of jute from 202 hectares, 5,465 tonnes of potatoes from 301 hectares and 72,111 tonnes of sugar cane from 1,178 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[16]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% repectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[20]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Ketugram II CD Block was 1,437.31 hectares, out of which 1,141.14 hectares were irrigated by river lift irrigation and 296.17 hectares by deep tube wells.[16]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Ketugram II CD Block had offices of 5 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[16]

Transport[edit]

Ketugram II CD Block has 5 ferry services and 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.[16]

SH 6, running from Rajnagar (in Birbhum district) to Alampur (in Howrah district) passes through this CD Block.[21]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Ketugram II CD Block had 83 primary schools with 5,302 students, 2 middle schools with 310 students, 11 high school with 6,427 students and 5 higher secondary schools with 3,950 students. Ketugram II CD Block had 201 institutions for special and non-formal education with 9,956 students[16]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Ketugram II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres with total 25 beds and 3 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 18 family welfare subcentres. 1,098 patients were treated indoor and 142,364 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[16]

Ketugram II CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[22]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Ketugram II Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Mesurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.