Jump to content

Kevin Cramer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kevin Cramer
Official portrait, 2019
United States Senator
from North Dakota
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Serving with John Hoeven
Preceded byHeidi Heitkamp
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Dakota's at-large district
In office
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2019
Preceded byRick Berg
Succeeded byKelly Armstrong
Member of the North Dakota Public Service Commission
In office
August 1, 2003 – December 31, 2012
Preceded byLeo Reinbold
Succeeded byJulie Fedorchak
Chair of the North Dakota Republican Party
In office
July 1991 – May 1993
Preceded byLayton Freborg
Succeeded byJohn Korsmo
Personal details
Kevin John Cramer

(1961-01-21) January 21, 1961 (age 63)
Rolette, North Dakota, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Kris Neumann
(m. 1986)
EducationConcordia College (BA)
University of Mary (MA)
WebsiteSenate website

Kevin John Cramer (born January 21, 1961) is an American politician who has served as the junior United States senator for North Dakota since 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he represented North Dakota's at-large congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2013 to 2019.

Cramer chaired the North Dakota Republican Party from 1991 to 1993 and served as state Tourism Director from 1993 to 1997 and state Economic Development Director from 1997 to 2000. He served on the state Public Service Commission from 2003 to 2012.

Early life and education[edit]

Cramer was born in Rolette, North Dakota, the first of five children of Clarice (Hjelden) and Richard Cramer.[1] He was raised in Kindred, North Dakota, in Cass County, and graduated from Kindred High School. He received a B.A. degree from Concordia College in Moorhead, Minnesota, in 1983. He earned a master's degree in management from the University of Mary in Bismarck, North Dakota, in 2003.[2]

Early career[edit]

After college, Cramer campaigned for the Republican-endorsed tax commissioner candidate Scott Hove in 1984.[3] In 1986, he campaigned for U.S. Senator Mark Andrews in his bid for reelection. Andrews narrowly lost to North Dakota Democratic-Nonpartisan League Party U.S. Senator Kent Conrad. Cramer went to work for the state Republican Party.[4]

Cramer served as chairman of the North Dakota Republican Party from 1991 to 1993. At age 30, he was the youngest person to be named state party chairman.[3]

In May 1993, Republican Governor Ed Schafer appointed Cramer state Tourism Director. Cramer was preceded by Jim Fuglie[5] and succeeded by Bob Martinson.[6] He served in the position until he was appointed Economic Development Director in June 1997. Cramer was preceded by Chuck Stroup[7] and succeeded by Lee Peterson in December 2000 as the director.[8][9]

Following his stint as director of economic development, Cramer became director of the Harold Schafer Leadership Foundation in 2000. He served in the position until 2003.[9]

North Dakota Public Service Commission (2003–2012)[edit]

In 2003, Governor John Hoeven appointed Cramer to the Public Service Commission.[10] He was elected to a six-year term on the Public Service Commission in 2004, defeating NPL nominee Ron Gumeringer, 65–35%.[11]

In 2010, Cramer was reelected to a second term on the Public Service Commission, defeating Democratic nominee Brad Crabtree 61–35%.[12] He served on the commission until 2012.[13]

U.S. House of Representatives (2013–2019)[edit]

Cramer's first official portrait during the 113th Congress



In 1996, House Majority Leader Dick Armey of Texas—a North Dakota native—persuaded Cramer to challenge Democratic U.S. Congressman Earl Pomeroy for North Dakota's at-large congressional seat. Pomeroy defeated him, 55%–43%.[14]


In 1998, Cramer challenged Pomeroy again. Pomeroy won, 56%–41%.[15]


On January 14, Cramer announced that he would run for North Dakota's seat in the United States House of Representatives for a third time in the 2010 election.[16] In early 2010, he appeared at North Dakota town hall meetings, where he opposed the Affordable Care Act.[17] Cramer attended numerous Tea Party rallies in North Dakota, speaking about energy, taxes, jobs and the U.S. Constitution.[18][better source needed] At the state Republican Party convention in March 2010, former House Majority Leader Rick Berg won the Republican congressional nomination; Berg was elected to Congress in November.[19]


In 2012, Berg retired in order to run for the U.S. Senate. Cramer decided to run for the seat a fourth time.

Various national conservative groups, include FreedomWorks and the Club for Growth, endorsed Cramer, while Berg endorsed Cramer's rival, fellow Public Service Commissioner Brian Kalk.[20] In the Republican primary election in June 2012, Cramer received 54,405 votes (54%) to Kalk's 45,415 (45%).[21]

In the November 2012 general election Cramer defeated Democratic-NPL State Representative Pam Gulleson, with 173,585 votes (55%) to Gulleson's 131,870 (42%). Libertarian Party candidate Eric Olson received about 3% of the vote.[22] He was sworn in on January 3, 2013.[23]


In 2014 Cramer ran for reelection and was unopposed in the Republican primary.[24] He won the general election with 55% of the vote, defeating Democratic-NPL nominee George B. Sinner, who received 38%. Libertarian candidate Jack Seaman received slightly under 6%.[25]


In 2016 Cramer ran for a third term in Congress. He was unopposed in the primary[26] and defeated Democratic-NPL nominee Chase Iron Eyes, a Native American activist, in the general election with 69% of the vote.[27][28]

Tenure and political positions[edit]

Cramer speaking at the 2013 CPAC in National Harbor, Maryland.


Cramer opposes abortion. He is a critic of Planned Parenthood and has called for cutting off public funding of the group.[29][30] In 2013 Cramer condemned the Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade and tied an uptick in mass shootings to the legalization of abortion and a decline in religious values.[31] This remark was criticized by the director of the North Dakota Democratic Party and in Cosmopolitan. Cramer said, "I was asked recently by a reporter if I am afraid that some people would attack me if I speak like this. And I said, 'No, I am not afraid they will, I am quite certain they will.'"[32][33] In the same speech, Cramer said of U.S. society: "We have normalized perversion and perverted God's natural law."[31]

Donald Trump[edit]

Cramer has been closely allied with Donald Trump since Trump announced his candidacy president in 2016, and was "one of a handful of early Trump endorsers" among U.S. House Republicans.[34]

Cramer supported Trump's 2017 executive order banning entry to the U.S. by citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries, saying, "I think what Donald Trump is doing is he's pulling America's head out of the sand and facing the reality that we have not been kept very safe by current immigration and refugee policies."[35] He has been described as one of Trump's allies in Congress and pledged to be with Trump "100 percent of the time".[36]

In February 2017, during Trump's first address to a joint session of Congress, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and a number of other female Democratic members of Congress wore white in protest of Trump. Cramer mocked the protest, saying Pelosi dressed "poorly" and remarking, "It is a syndrome. There is no question, there is a disease associated with the notion that a bunch of women would wear bad-looking white pantsuits in solidarity with Hillary Clinton to celebrate her loss. You cannot get that weird."[37]

In June 2020, Cramer blocked bipartisan legislation to sanction China over its actions to undermine Hong Kong's independence—legislation he had co-sponsored—because the Trump administration requested that he do so.[38]

On May 28, 2021, Cramer voted against creating an independent commission to investigate the 2021 United States Capitol attack.[39]

Environment and energy[edit]

Cramer rejects the scientific consensus on climate change.[40][41] He has said that he would support a small carbon tax if the revenue went to research and development on clean fuel.[40][41][42] Reuters has described Cramer as "one of America's most ardent drilling advocates."[43] He supports an increase in oil and gas drilling on public lands and cutting taxes for energy producers, and opposes what he characterizes as overreach by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.[44] In May 2016 Trump asked Cramer to draft his campaign's energy policy.[43] Cramer wrote Trump's energy plan, which heavily promoted fossil fuels, weakened environmental regulation, and vowed to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris Agreement and repeal U.S. regulations of carbon emissions.[45] In June 2023, Cramer was the lead Republican sponsor of the PROVE IT Act, which would direct the United States Department of Energy to collect data on the greenhouse gas intensity of certain goods made in the United States and other countries, data that could enable trade policy addressing international disparities in environmental standards. He was joined by lead Democratic sponsor Chris Coons.[46][47]

Food stamps[edit]

Cramer supports cuts in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly the Food Stamp Program), and attracted controversy in 2013 when he cited a biblical quotation several times in support of Republicans' efforts to cut $40 billion from the program over ten years.[48][49]

Gun policy[edit]

Cramer said that gun control would not have prevented the Orlando nightclub shooting.[50] In 2016 he criticized proposed gun control legislation, saying, "The problem isn't the U.S. Constitution. The problem is Islamic terrorism."[51]

Health care[edit]

Cramer opposes the Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare") and voted to repeal it without a replacement five times.[52][53][54] He has voted against health insurance protections for patients with preexisting conditions and against the expansion of Medicaid.[54] Cramer has said that the American Health Care Act of 2017, the Republican bill he supported to repeal and replace Obamacare, would have prevented "price discrimination" against people with preexisting conditions; The Washington Post fact-checker called this assertion false.[55]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Cramer introduced legislation to ban vaccine and mask mandates.[56] He opposed adding unruly passengers to the "no-fly" list, saying that unruly passengers who refuse to comply with mask requirements are not the same as terrorists.[57]

LGBT rights[edit]

Cramer opposes same-sex marriage and condemned the Supreme Court's decision in Obergefell v. Hodges.[58][59][60][61]

Supreme Court nomination of Brett Kavanaugh[edit]

In 2018, Cramer called both Anita Hill's sexual harassment allegation against Clarence Thomas and Christine Blasey Ford's sexual assault allegation against Brett Kavanaugh "absurd". He called Ford's allegation "even more absurd" than Hill's because the sexual assault that Ford described "never went anywhere" and because both Kavanaugh and Ford were intoxicated teenagers.[62] Cramer questioned whether Ford's allegation would disqualify Kavanaugh from the Supreme Court even if true, but said that if Kavanaugh were found to have lied in denying the allegation, that would be disqualifying.[63]


Cramer has voted to repeal the estate tax, which imposes a tax after the first several million dollars on a dead person's estate.[64] He supports Trump's 25% tax on many types of imports, which may have decreased sales for North Dakota's soybean industry in 2018, but has said he believes the long-term benefits of a trade war are worth it.[65][66]

Violence Against Women Act[edit]

In 2013, at a forum on the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), Cramer engaged in "a testy exchange with Native American victim assistance leaders."[67][68] He later issued a statement apologizing for his "tone and rhetoric" during the exchange.[67] Cramer voted to reauthorize VAWA,[69] but opposed language in the act that would allow tribal courts to prosecute non-Natives "for abusing or assaulting Native American women on Indian land."[70] Cramer asked, "How could a non-Native man get a fair trial on a reservation?"[70] and questioned the provision's constitutionality. He voted for an amendment to repeal it.[69]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

U.S. Senate[edit]

Cramer during the
116th Congress



On January 11, 2018, after months of speculation, Cramer announced[75] that he would not seek the Republican nomination for U.S. Senate to run against Democratic-NPL incumbent Heidi Heitkamp and would instead run for reelection to the U.S. House.[76] On February 15, he announced that he had changed his mind and would run for the Senate.[77] Odney advertising firm president Pat Finken served as Cramer's campaign manager.[78] On April 7,[79] Cramer won the North Dakota Republican Party's endorsement. Three days later, his campaign announced it had raised $1.35 million in the first quarter of 2018, most of it in late February and March.[80]

In June 2018, The Washington Post reported that Cramer had contacted the White House to seek political help in his Senate campaign and was upset that Trump had not publicly criticized Heitkamp in the same way that he had criticized other Democrats.[81] Cramer later publicly criticized White House staff and argued that Trump was refraining because Heitkamp was a woman.[81] Trump scheduled a trip to North Dakota that month to campaign for Cramer, a trip that Politico reported "could go a long way toward extinguishing tensions between the White House and the Senate hopeful."[82]

During his 2018 campaign, Cramer sought and received the support of the Public Advocate of the United States, an anti-LGBT group that advocates conversion therapy and ties homosexuality to pedophilia.[61] In an eight-question survey for the group, Cramer said he would oppose "'Transgender Bathrooms' legislation and regulations—which have the effect of encouraging and protecting pedophiles".[61] He also agreed with the organization that "public schools should be 'prevented from brainwashing elementary school children with the Homosexual Agenda.'"[61] Cramer supported requiring schools to teach that there are only two genders and granting Christian businesses the right to not service same-sex weddings.[61] A spokesman for him said: "Let's be clear. Congressman Cramer doesn't support the teaching of history with any special emphasis on any particular group. History is history and should be taught as such. Additionally, Kevin does not think transgender people are at all comparable to pedophiles—this a gross misinterpretation of the survey question."[61]

Cramer won the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate on June 12, 2018.[83] The next month, a spokesperson for the political network organized by the Koch brothers announced that they would not financially support Cramer's campaign because the brothers viewed him as insufficiently supportive of free trade and fiscal conservatism, and because they felt he held other views inconsistent with theirs.[84]

In the November 6 general election, Cramer defeated Heitkamp[85] with 55% of the vote to Heitkamp's 44%.[86]


Cramer is running for reelection against Democratic nominee Katrina Christiansen in 2024.


In July 2019, Cramer said he favored lawsuits seeking to overturn Obamacare.[87] The same year, he held up the confirmation of a White House budget official in order to get the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to release sensitive documents about border wall construction.[88] Cramer had pushed the Army Corps to use a North Dakota firm run by his 2018 campaign donor Tommy Fisher. Fisher donated $10,000 to Cramer's campaign and was also Cramer's guest at the 2018 State of the Union Address, where he shook Trump's hand.[89][90] In December 2019, Fisher Industries and the Fisher Sand and Gravel subsidiary, run by a Trump donor, were awarded the $400 million contract.[91] Fisher Sand & Gravel had been previously fined $1.16 million for violating tax laws,[92] and racked up 1,300 air-quality violations and over $625,000 in fines.[93]

In October 2019, Cramer defended Trump's decision to host the G7 conference at the Trump National Doral Miami, a resort Trump owns. Cramer said, "I don’t have any concerns about it other than just politically how it appears", and praised Trump for the "tremendous integrity in his boldness and his transparency" in deciding to select his own property for the summit.[94] Lack of support from Trump's Republican allies who were weary of defending him led Trump to quickly abandon his plans, as customary congressional support withered.[95][96]

In December 2019, at Trump's request, Cramer cast the only vote against a Senate motion to recognize the Armenian genocide, passage of which required unanimous consent. Trump opposed the motion because of his relationship with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.[97][98] Senator Lindsey Graham had voted against such a motion previously, but refused to do so after Trump withdrew of a contingent of U.S. troops, allowing the Turks to attack the US's Kurdish allies who had rolled back the Islamic State in Syria's forces.[99]

On March 24, 2020, Cramer tweeted that House Speaker Nancy Pelosi was “retarded.” He later deleted the tweet and apologized, saying he had intended to write “ridiculous”,[100][101] blaming autocorrect and his "fat fingers".[102][103]

After Joe Biden won the 2020 presidential election and Trump refused to concede and made numerous baseless claims of fraud, Cramer at first defended Trump[104] but later said "the election was not stolen" and that he had "moved on a long time ago".[105][106] In May 2022, Cramer expressed support for former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo's potential candidacy in the 2024 Republican presidential primary.[107] In June 2023, Cramer endorsed North Dakota Governor Doug Burgum for president.[108] After Burgum dropped out of the race on December 4, Cramer endorsed Trump.[109]

Committee assignments

For the 116th United States Congress, Cramer was named to five Senate committees.[110] They are:

Personal life[edit]

Cramer married Kris Neumann in 1986 and adopted her two sons, Isaac and Ian, from a previous marriage.[111][112] As of 2018, the Cramers have five children and five grandchildren.[113][114] Their son Isaac died in 2018 due to complications of alcoholism. They had earlier adopted the young son of an ex-girlfriend of Isaac's, who had been killed by her abusive husband.[115]

Cramer co-chairs the Roughrider Honor Flight program. This program gives World War II veterans the chance to visit the World War II memorial in Washington, D.C.[116]

In June 2022, Cramer suffered a serious injury to his right hand while doing yard work. The injury required immediate surgery and he remained in North Dakota due to a high risk of infection and the possible need for finger amputation.[117]

In December 2023, Cramer's son Ian stole his mother's car and engaged in a high-speed pursuit that ended when Ian collided the car into a police vehicle, killing a deputy.[118] On December 14, 2023, prosecutors announced that they would charge Ian Cramer with multiple crimes, including homicide.[119] After the event, Senator Cramer said that Ian "suffers from serious mental disorders which manifest in severe paranoia and hallucinations".[120]

Electoral history[edit]

Republican primary results, North Dakota, 2012[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer 54,405 54.4
Republican Brian Kalk 45,415 45.5
Write-in 113 0.1
Total votes 99,933 100.0
North Dakota's at-large congressional district, 2012[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Cramer 173,585 54.89% +0.15%
Democratic–NPL Pam Gulleson 131,870 41.70% -3.23%
Libertarian Eric Olson 10,261 3.24% N/A
Write-in 508 0.16% -0.17%
Total votes 316,224 100.0% N/A
Republican hold
Republican primary results, 2014[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer (incumbent) 50,188 99.70
Write-in 151 00.30
Total votes 50,339 100
North Dakota's at-large congressional district, 2014[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Cramer (incumbent) 138,100 55.54% +0.67%
Democratic–NPL George B. Sinner 95,678 38.48% -3.24%
Libertarian Jack Seaman 14,531 5.84% +2.59%
Write-in 361 0.15% -0.01%
Total votes 248,670 100.0% N/A
Republican hold
Republican primary results, 2016[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer (incumbent) 96,357 99.1
Write-in 919 0.9
Total votes 97,276 100.0
North Dakota's at-large congressional district, 2016 [121]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Cramer (incumbent) 233,980 69.13% +13.59%
Democratic–NPL Chase Iron Eyes 80,377 23.75% -14.73%
Libertarian Jack Seaman 23,528 6.95% +1.11%
Write-in 574 0.17% +0.02%
Total votes 338,459 100.0% N/A
Republican hold
Republican primary results, North Dakota 2018[122]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer 61,529 87.8%
Republican Thomas O'Neill 8,509 12.2%
Write-in 95 0.14%
Total votes 70,133 100%
United States Senate election in North Dakota, 2018[123]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Cramer 179,720 55.11% +5.79%
Democratic–NPL Heidi Heitkamp (incumbent) 144,376 44.27% -5.97%
Write-in 2,042 0.63% N/A
Total votes 326,138 100% N/A
Republican gain from Democratic–NPL


  1. ^ "Richard Cramer". Boulger Funeral Home. 8 March 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  2. ^ "Meet Kevin". kevincramer.org. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Martin, Alexandra (September 2018). "Person Behind The Politico With Kevin Cramer". Fargo Monthly. Archived from the original on October 20, 2020. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  4. ^ Jean, Renée (October 19, 2018). "Cramer talks about his campaign for North Dakota's U.S. Senator". Williston Herald. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  5. ^ "GOP chairman to head tourism". The Bismarck Tribune at Newspapers.com. May 29, 1993. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  6. ^ "New tourism director appointed". The Bismarck Tribune at Newspapers.com. October 15, 1997. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  7. ^ "Cramer, former aide clash". The Bismarck Tribune at Newspapers.com. July 7, 1997. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  8. ^ "Hoeven mixes old faces, new in first round of appointments". The Bismarck Tribune at Newspapers.com. December 9, 2000. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Minot Daily News endorses Kevin Cramer". Minot Daily News. November 4, 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  10. ^ "Public Service Commission - Kevin Cramer". The Bismarck Tribune. July 30, 2010.
  11. ^ "ND Public Service Commissioner Race". Our Campaigns. November 2, 2004. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  12. ^ "ND Public Service Commissioner Race - Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  13. ^ Dillon, Jeremy (September 21, 2018). "North Dakota Senate Race Could Come Down to Fossil Fuels". Roll Call. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  14. ^ "ND At-Large Race". Our Campaigns. November 5, 1996. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  15. ^ "ND At-Large Race". Our Campaigns. November 3, 1998. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Valley News Live. Archived from the original on 2018-02-10. Retrieved 2010-02-17.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Daily News - Health, Money, Social Security, Medicare, Politics - Bulletin Today". Bulletin.aarp.org. January 4, 2017. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  18. ^ "Kevin Cramer for North Dakota Public Service Commission (ndpsc) Re Election Campaign 2010 NDGOP Republican (kevincramer.org)". Archived from the original on 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  19. ^ "Berg lands Republican nomination for the House". The Jamestown Sun. Jamestown Sun and Forum Communications Company. March 22, 2010. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  20. ^ Center, Shira T. (June 5, 2012). "North Dakota: Rick Berg Backs Brian Kalk for His House Seat". Roll Call. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  21. ^ a b "Official Results Primary Election - June 12, 2012". North Dakota Secretary of State. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  22. ^ a b "Official Results General Election - November 6, 2012". North Dakota Secretary of State. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  23. ^ Smith, Nick (January 3, 2013). "Heidi Heitkamp, Kevin Cramer sworn into office". The Bismarck Tribune.
  24. ^ a b "Official Results Primary Election - June 10, 2014". North Dakota Secretary of State. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  25. ^ a b "Official Results General Election - November 4, 2014". North Dakota Secretary of State. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  26. ^ "North Dakota Secretary of State". results.sos.nd.gov. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  27. ^ a b "Official Results Primary Election - June 14, 2016". North Dakota Secretary of State. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  28. ^ Trahant, Mark (April 3, 2016). "Chase Iron Eyes Runs In North Dakota Out of 'Necessity'". Indian Country Today Media Network. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016.
  29. ^ Kevin Cramer: North Dakota women not profitable for Planned Parenthood (video of statement on U.S. House of Representatives floor, made available by Getty Images).
  30. ^ "Cramer Statement on Planned Parenthood Abortion Practices". Archived from the original on 2018-04-11. Retrieved 2016-07-30. (press release), Office of U.S. Representative (July 16, 2015).
  31. ^ a b Terkel, Amanda (May 16, 2013). "Kevin Cramer, North Dakota Congressman, Ties School Shootings to Abortion Legalization". HuffPost. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  32. ^ Burton, Natasha (May 17, 2013). "Another Day, Another Crazy Abortion Claim from a Conservative Male Politician". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  33. ^ "US Rep. Cramer Criticized For Linking Legalized Abortion To School Shootings". CBS DC. Associated Press. May 21, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  34. ^ DeBonis, Mike (May 11, 2016). "Paul Ryan faces intense pressure to reconcile with Donald Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  35. ^ Blake, Aaron (January 31, 2017). "Whip Count: Here's where Republicans stand on Trump's controversial travel ban". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  36. ^ Superville, Darlene (June 28, 2018). "Trump endorses Kevin Cramer and urges North Dakota to vote out Heidi Heitkamp". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  37. ^ McCaskill, Nolan D. (March 1, 2017). "GOP lawmaker: 'Poorly dressed' Democratic women wore 'bad-looking white pantsuits'". Politico. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
  38. ^ Desiderio, Andrew (June 24, 2020). "GOP senator blocked China sanctions bill he supports, at request of White House". Politico. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  39. ^ Stevenson, Peter W.; Blanco, Adrian; Santamariña, Daniela (May 28, 2021). "Which senators supported a Jan. 6 Capitol riot commission". The Washington Post.
  40. ^ a b Schreckinger, Ben (May 23, 2016). "Trump acknowledges climate change — at his golf course". Politico. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  41. ^ a b Goode, Erica (May 20, 2016). "New York Times: What Are Donald Trump's Views on Climate Change? Some Clues Emerge". The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  42. ^ Lehmann, Evan (May 13, 2016). "Meet Donald Trump's New Energy Adviser". ClimateWire (republished by Scientific American). Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  43. ^ a b Volcovici, Valerie (May 13, 2016). "Trump taps climate change skeptic, fracking advocate as key energy advisor". Reuters. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  44. ^ Drajem, Mark (May 16, 2016). "Get your energy policy ideas to Kevin Cramer ASAP". Bloomberg Government.[permanent dead link],
  45. ^ Parker, Ashley; Davenport, Coral (May 26, 2016). "Donald Trump's Energy Plan: More Fossil Fuels and Fewer Rules". The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  46. ^ Dumain, Emma (2024-01-19). "What's next for the committee-passed carbon tariff bill?". E&E News by POLITICO. Retrieved 2024-06-10.
  47. ^ "Details for S. 1863: PROVE IT Act of 2024". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 2024-06-11.
  48. ^ Bobic, Igor (September 20, 2013). "GOP Rep. Quotes Bible On Food Stamps: 'If Anyone Is Not Willing To Work, Let Him Not Eat'". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  49. ^ "Rep. Cramer's opponents use Bible verses to debate food stamp cuts, look toward 2014 election". Grand Forks Herald. September 25, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  50. ^ Fioraliso, Ted (July 14, 2016). "Cramer says increased gun control wouldn't have prevented Orlando shooting". KFYR-TV. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  51. ^ Smith, Nick (June 21, 2016). "Hoeven, Cramer give gun legislation cool response". The Bismarck Tribune.
  52. ^ Hageman, John (June 25, 2015). "State leaders have mixed feelings in Affordable Care Act ruling". Grand Forks Herald. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  53. ^ U.S. House Votes to Repeal Obamacare Archived 2016-08-19 at the Wayback Machine (press release), Office of U.S. Representative Kevin Cramer (February 3, 2015).
  54. ^ a b Hagen, C.S. (August 23, 2018). "Cramer's office threatens constituents". High Plains Reader. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  55. ^ Kessler, Glenn (September 19, 2018). "Would the House GOP plan have prevented 'price discrimination' against people with preexisting conditions?". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
  56. ^ "Ted Cruz calls for 'zero' coronavirus mandates, while Rand Paul urges defiance amid delta variant surge". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  57. ^ "Eight Republican senators say they oppose 'no-fly' list for disruptive passengers because it would equate mask opponents to 'terrorists'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2022-02-16.
  58. ^ Boehm, Krista (June 26, 2015). "The first same-sex couple to grab their marriage license". KVLY-TV. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015.
  59. ^ "Cramer Statement on Supreme Court Same Sex Marriage Ruling". cramer.house.gov. Office of U.S. Representative Kevin Cramer. June 26, 2015. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015.
  60. ^ Smith, Nick (June 26, 2013). "N.D. delegation split on gay marriage". The Bismarck Tribune.
  61. ^ a b c d e f Kaczynski, Andrew (June 14, 2018). "GOP Senate nominees Kevin Cramer, Corey Stewart sought support of extreme anti-gay group". CNN. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  62. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew; Massie, Christopher. "GOP Senate nominee: Kavanaugh accusation 'absurd' because they were drunk and assault attempt 'never went anywhere'". CNN. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  63. ^ Sullivan, Sean (September 25, 2018). "GOP Rep. Cramer questions whether accusation against Kavanaugh should disqualify him, even if true". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  64. ^ "Cramer - House Passes Death Tax Repeal Act of 2015". cramer.house.gov. Office of U.S. Representative Kevin Cramer. April 16, 2015. Archived from the original on September 21, 2015.
  65. ^ MacPherson, James (September 14, 2018). "North Dakota's Heitkamp attacks Cramer in new ad on tariffs". The State. Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 15, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  66. ^ Drucker, David M. (August 24, 2018). "Kevin Cramer has home field advantage in North Dakota Senate race. Can he capitalize?". Washington Examiner. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  67. ^ a b Johnson, Luke (March 28, 2013). "Kevin Cramer, North Dakota Congressman, Regrets Berating Native American Counselors". HuffPost. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  68. ^ Schilling, Vincent (April 1, 2013). "North Dakota Congressman Kevin Cramer Allegedly Verbally Attacks Abused Native Women's Advocate". Indian Country Today Media Network. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013.
  69. ^ a b "Congressman Kevin Cramer (R-ND) Votes to Eliminate Constitutional Challenges to the Violence Against Women Act". cramer.house.gov. Office of U.S. Representative Kevin Cramer. February 28, 2013. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014.
  70. ^ a b Crane-Murdoch, Sierra (June 12, 2013). "Is the Violence Against Women Act a chance for tribes to reinforce their sovereignty?". High Country News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  71. ^ "Committees and Caucuses". cramer.house.gov. Office of U.S. Representative Kevin Cramer. December 13, 2012. Archived from the original on February 2, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  72. ^ "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
  73. ^ "Members". Congressional Western Caucus. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
  74. ^ "Congressional Coalition on Adoption Institute".
  75. ^ Miyoshi, Sheila (January 11, 2018). "Cramer won't run for Senate in North Dakota". Politico. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  76. ^ Hageman, John (January 15, 2018). "Cramer names campaign manager for re-election bid". Grand Forks Herald. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  77. ^ Taylor, Jessica (February 15, 2018). "GOP Gets Top Recruit To Run In Key North Dakota Senate Race". NPR. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
  78. ^ Dura, Jack (March 22, 2018). "Finken leading Cramer campaign". The Bismarck Tribune. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  79. ^ Bollinger, Marcie (April 8, 2018). "Rep. Kevin Cramer accepts GOP endorsement". KFYR-TV. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  80. ^ Swoyer, Alex (April 18, 2018). "Kevin Cramer's Senate campaign raises $1.135 million in first quarter". The Washington Times. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  81. ^ a b Sullivan, Sean (June 11, 2018). "'It's obscene': GOP candidate seethes as Trump embraces Democratic senator". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  82. ^ Isenstadt, Alex (June 15, 2018). "Trump to campaign in N. Dakota for Rep. Kevin Cramer". Politico. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  83. ^ "Republican U.S. Rep. Kevin Cramer wins North Dakota Senate primary, moves on to face incumbent Sen. Heidi Heitkamp". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. June 12, 2018. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  84. ^ Severns, Maggie (July 30, 2018). "Koch network snubs key GOP Senate candidate". Politico. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  85. ^ Khan, Mariam; Swire, Sonnet; Keneally, Meghan; Jacobo, Julia (November 6, 2018). "Incumbent Sen. Heidi Heitkamp concedes to Kevin Cramer in North Dakota Senate Race". ABC News. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  86. ^ "North Dakota Election Results". New York Times. 6 November 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  87. ^ Everett, Burgess (July 14, 2019). "Republicans ready to dive off a cliff on Obamacare". politico.com. Politico. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  88. ^ Miroff, Nick; Dawsey, Josh (August 28, 2019). "'Take the land': President Trump wants a border wall. He wants it black. And he wants it by Election Day". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  89. ^ "Sen. Kevin Cramer demanding to see border wall contracts after Army Corps panned North Dakota-based construction firm". The Washington Post. August 2, 2019. Archived from the original on August 3, 2019. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  90. ^ Miroff, Nick; Paletta, Damian (August 3, 2019). "GOP senator held up Trump nominee, demanding to see border wall contracts after Army Corps panned construction firm he prefers". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  91. ^ Duncan, Conrad (December 3, 2019). "$400 million contract for Trump's border wall handed to Republican donor who promoted firm on Fox News". independent.co.uk. The Independent. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  92. ^ "North Dakota Executive Sentenced to Prison for Tax Fraud". justice.gov. United States Department of Justice. December 14, 2009. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved December 23, 2020. The agreement requires FSG to pay a total of $1.16 million in restitution, penalties and fines, implement measures to prevent future fraud at the company and cooperate with the IRS in audits of its tax returns.
  93. ^ Alvarez, Priscilla; Foran, Clare; Browne, Ryan (May 31, 2019). "Company touted by Trump to build the wall has history of fines, violations". CNN. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  94. ^ Mangan, Dan (October 18, 2019). "Democrats call Trump's Doral G-7 pick 'outrageous' — GOP senator says it shows 'tremendous integrity'". CNBC. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  95. ^ Olorunnipa, Toluse; Dawsey, Josh; Fahrenthold, David A. (October 21, 2019). "Trump reversed course on hosting G-7 at his club after learning that impeachment-weary Republicans were tired of defending him". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  96. ^ Miller, Zeke; Colvin, Jill (October 19, 2019). "Trump drops plan to host G-7 at Doral". Yahoo News. Associated Press. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  97. ^ Daly, Matthew (December 5, 2019). "GOP senator bows to White House on Armenian genocide measure". Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 24, 2020. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  98. ^ Hornung, Sabrina; Hagen, C.S. (December 11, 2019). "Sen. Cramer Defies ND Motion On Armenian Genocide". High Plains Reader. Archived from the original on August 2, 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  99. ^ "Tribune editorial: Cramer wrong to block vote on resolution". The Bismarck Tribune. December 11, 2019. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  100. ^ "US Sen. Cramer apologizes for offensive term about Pelosi". ABC News. Associated Press. March 25, 2020. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  101. ^ "Sen. Kevin Cramer tweets offensive word aimed at Speaker Pelosi". www.valleynewslive.com. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  102. ^ March 30, Sean Neumann. "Senator Blames Autocorrect for 'Offensive' Nancy Pelosi Tweet, but Not Everyone Is Convinced". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 5 April 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  103. ^ "US Sen. Cramer apologizes for offensive term about Pelosi". Associated Press. 12 August 2021. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  104. ^ Kamisar, Ben (November 22, 2020). "GOP Sen. Cramer says it's 'past time' to start transition as challenges continue". NBC News. Retrieved November 22, 2020.
  105. ^ Baker, Sinéad (January 12, 2022). "Top Republican senators are standing by Mike Rounds after Trump attacked him for saying the 2020 election was fair". Business Insider. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  106. ^ Reimann, Nicholas (January 11, 2022). "GOP Figures Blast Trump's Rehashing Of Election Fraud Claims: 'Learn To Lose'". Forbes. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  107. ^ Garrett, Major (May 20, 2022). "Sen. Kevin Cramer would 'love' 4 more years of Trump, but maybe Pompeo would offer a 'fresh start'". CBS News. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  108. ^ Holt, Matt (June 7, 2023). "North Dakota Governor Doug Burgum Launches Presidential Campaign". The Messenger. Archived from the original on June 7, 2023. Retrieved 7 June 2023.
  109. ^ "Sen. Kevin Cramer endorses Trump for president hours after Burgum drops out". InForum. December 5, 2023.
  110. ^ "Committee Assignments of the 116th Congress". senate.gov. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  111. ^ Get to know Kevin Cramer through the eyes of his son, Abel. | By Kevin Cramer | Facebook, retrieved 2024-01-26
  112. ^ "Cramer, Heitkamp inspired by the loved ones they lost". InForum. 2018-07-08. Retrieved 2024-01-26.
  113. ^ "NDDOT - nd511". Pc6.psc.state.nd.us. Archived from the original on 2007-11-02. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  114. ^ "Cramer to stay in Bismarck with family | Government, Politics and Elections". The Bismarck Tribune. February 27, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  115. ^ Lyons, Kathryn (June 15, 2019). "This senator lost one son, but gained another". Roll Call. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
  116. ^ Herzog, Karen (May 5, 2011). "Fifth and final Honor Flight will take WWII veterans to see their memorial". The Bismarck Tribune. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  117. ^ Turley, Jeremy (22 June 2022). "Sen. Kevin Cramer badly injures hand in yardwork accident". Jamestown Sun. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  118. ^ "Son of US Sen. Kevin Cramer crashes during police chase, killing North Dakota sheriff's deputy". AP News. December 7, 2023. Retrieved December 7, 2023.
  119. ^ "MSN". MSN.
  120. ^ "Senator Cramer Issues Personal Statement". www.cramer.senate.gov. Retrieved 2023-12-15.
  121. ^ "North Dakota Official Results General Election - November 8, 2016". North Dakota Secretary of State. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  122. ^ Almukhtar, Sarah; Bloch, Matthew; Lee, Jasmine C. (12 June 2018). "North Dakota Primary Election Results". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  123. ^ "Official Results General Election - November 6, 2018". results.sos.nd.gov. North Dakota Secretary of State. Retrieved September 25, 2020.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Chair of the North Dakota Republican Party
Succeeded by
Preceded by Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from North Dakota
(Class 1)

Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Fuglie
Tourism Director of North Dakota
Succeeded by
Bob Martinson
Preceded by
Chuck Stroup
Economic Development Director of North Dakota
Succeeded by
Lee Peterson
Preceded by Member of the North Dakota Public Service Commission
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Dakota's at-large congressional district

Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 1) from North Dakota
Served alongside: John Hoeven
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas United States Senator from Nevada Order of precedence of the United States
as United States Senator from North Dakota

since January 3, 2019
Succeeded byas United States Senator from Utah
Preceded by United States senators by seniority
Succeeded by