Kevin Cramer

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Kevin Cramer
Kevin Cramer official photo.jpg
United States Senator-elect
from North Dakota
Assuming office
January 3, 2019
SucceedingHeidi Heitkamp
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Dakota's at-large district
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded byRick Berg
Succeeded byKelly Armstrong (Elect)
Member of the North Dakota Public Service Commission
In office
August 1, 2003 – December 31, 2012
Preceded byLeo Reinbold
Succeeded byJulie Fedorchak
Chair of the North Dakota Republican Party
In office
July 1991 – May 1993
Preceded byLayton Freborg
Succeeded byJohn Korsmo
Personal details
BornKevin John Cramer
(1961-01-21) January 21, 1961 (age 57)
Rolette, North Dakota, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Kris Cramer (m. 1986)
Children5
EducationConcordia College, Minnesota (BA)
University of Mary (MA)

Kevin John Cramer (born January 21, 1961) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for North Dakota's at-large congressional district since 2013. Cramer previously chaired the North Dakota Republican Party (1991–1993) and served as State Tourism Director (1993–1997) and Economic Development Director (1997–2000). He served on the North Dakota Public Service Commission from 2003 to 2012.

On November 6, 2018, Cramer defeated incumbent Senator Heidi Heitkamp in the 2018 U.S. Senate race in North Dakota.

Early life, education, and family[edit]

Cramer was born in Rolette, North Dakota, the first of five children of Clarice (Hjelden) and Richard Cramer.[1] He was raised in Kindred, North Dakota, in Cass County. Cramer graduated from Kindred High School. He received a B.A. degree from Concordia College in Moorhead, Minnesota, in 1983. He earned a master's degree in management from the University of Mary in Bismarck, North Dakota, in 2003.[2]

Cramer and his wife, Kris, have five children[3] and five grandchildren.[4]

Early political career[edit]

After college, Cramer campaigned for an unsuccessful Republican tax commissioner candidate in 1984.[5] In 1986, he campaigned for U.S. Senator Mark Andrews's bid for reelection. Andrews lost to North Dakota Democratic-Nonpartisan League Party U.S. Senator Kent Conrad. Conrad's party is the North Dakota affiliate of the Democratic Party. Cramer went on to work for the state Republican Party.[6]

He was the Chairman of the North Dakota Republican Party from 1991 to 1993. At age 30, he was the youngest person to be named state party chairman.[5]

In May 1993, Republican Governor Ed Schafer appointed Cramer State Tourism Director, prececed by Jim Fuglie[7] and succeeded by Bob Martinson[8]. He served in that position until he was appointed Economic Development Director in June 1997, preceded by Chuck Stroup[9] and succeeded by Lee Peterson in December 2000.[10][11] In 1996, House Majority Leader Dick Armey of Texas, a North Dakota native, persuaded Cramer to challenge Democratic U.S. Congressman Earl Pomeroy in North Dakota's at-large congressional district. Pomeroy defeated him 55%–43%.[12] In 1998, Cramer faced Pomeroy in a rematch. Pomeroy defeated him again, this time by a margin of 56%–41%.[13]

Following his stint as Director of Economic Development, Cramer became Director of the Harold Schafer Leadership Foundation. He served in that position until he was appointed to the Public Service Commission by Republican Governor John Hoeven.[14] Cramer was elected to a six-year term in 2004 when he defeated NPL nominee Ron Gumeringer 65%–35%.[15]

Cramer co-chairs the Roughrider Honor Flight program. This program gives World War II veterans the chance to visit the World War II memorial in Washington, D.C.[16]

On January 14, 2010, Cramer announced that he would run for the North Dakota seat in the United States House of Representatives in the 2010 election.[17] Cramer was very visible in early 2010 at North Dakota town hall meetings, where he opposed health care legislation passed by the U.S. House in late 2009.[18] Cramer attended numerous Tea Party rallies in North Dakota, where he spoke about energy, taxes, jobs and the U.S. Constitution.[19] He did not receive the nomination at the state Republican Party convention in March 2010, losing to former House Majority Leader Rick Berg.

Later in 2010, Cramer won reelection to a second term on the Public Service Commission, defeating Democratic candidate Brad Crabtree 61%–35%.[20]

U.S. House of Representatives (2013–present)[edit]

Cramer's first official portait

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Positions[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Cramer opposes abortion. He is a critic of Planned Parenthood and has called for cutting off public funding of the group.[24][25] In 2013, Cramer condemned the Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade and tied an uptick in mass shootings to the legalization of abortion and a decline in religious values.[26] This remark was criticized by the director of the North Dakota Democratic Party and in Cosmopolitan. Cramer said, "I was asked recently by a reporter if I am afraid that some people would attack me if I speak like this. And I said, 'No, I am not afraid they will, I am quite certain they will.'"[27][28] In the same speech, Cramer said of U.S. society: "We have normalized perversion and perverted God's natural law."[26]

Donald Trump[edit]

Cramer supported Trump's 2017 executive order banning entry to the U.S. by citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries, saying, "I think what Donald Trump is doing is he's pulling America's head out of the sand and facing the reality that we have not been kept very safe by current immigration and refugee policies."[29] He has been described as one of Trump's allies in Congress and has pledged to be with Trump "100 percent of the time".[30]

In February 2017, during President Trump's first address to a joint session of Congress, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and a number of other female Democratic members of Congress wore white in protest against Trump. Cramer mocked the clothing protest, saying Pelosi dressed "poorly" and remarking, "It is a syndrome. There is no question, there is a disease associated with the notion that a bunch of women would wear bad-looking white pantsuits in solidarity with Hillary Clinton to celebrate her loss. You cannot get that weird."[31]

Environment and energy[edit]

Cramer rejects the scientific consensus on climate change.[32][33] He has said that he would support a small carbon tax if the revenue went to research and development on clean fuel.[32][33][34] Cramer has been described by Reuters as "one of America's most ardent drilling advocates."[35] Cramer supports an increase in oil and gas drilling on public lands and cutting taxes for energy producers. He is opposed to what he characterizes as overreach by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.[36] In May 2016, Trump asked Cramer to draft his campaign's energy policy.[35] Cramer wrote Trump's energy plan, which focuses heavily on promoting fossil fuels and weakening environmental regulation. The plan also vows to withdraw the U.S. from the Paris Agreement and repeal U.S. regulations aims at controlling the carbon emissions that cause climate change.[37] Cramer was "one of a handful of early Trump endorsers" among U.S. House Republicans.[38]

Food stamps[edit]

Cramer supports cuts in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly the Food Stamp Program), and attracted controversy in 2013 when he cited a biblical quotation several times in support of Republicans' efforts to cut $40 billion from the program over ten years.[39][40]

Gun policy[edit]

Cramer said that gun control would not have prevented the Orlando nightclub shooting.[41] In 2016, he criticized proposed gun control legislation, saying, "The problem isn't the U.S. Constitution. The problem is Islamic terrorism."[42]

Health care[edit]

Cramer opposes the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and has voted to repeal it without a replacement five times.[43][44][45] He has voted against health insurance protections for patients with pre-existing conditions and against the expansion of Medicaid.[45] Cramer has said that the American Health Care Act of 2017, the Republican bill he supported to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act, would have prevented "price discrimination" against people with preexisting conditions; The Washington Post fact-checker described this assertion as false.[46]

Violence Against Women Act[edit]

In 2013, at a forum on the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), Cramer engaged in "a testy exchange with Native American victim assistance leaders."[47][48] He later issued a statement apologizing for his "tone and rhetoric" during the exchange.[47] Cramer voted to reauthorize VAWA,[49] but opposed language in the act that would allow tribal courts to prosecute non-Natives "for abusing or assaulting Native American women on Indian land."[50] Cramer asked, "How could a non-Native man get a fair trial on a reservation?"[50] and questioned the constitutionality of the provision. He voted for an amendment to repeal it.[49]

LGBT issues[edit]

During his 2018 campaign, Cramer sought and received the support of the Public Advocate of the United States, an anti-LGBT group that advocates conversion therapy and ties homosexuality to pedophilia.[51] In an eight-question survey for the group, Cramer said he would oppose "'Transgender Bathrooms' legislation and regulations – which have the effect of encouraging and protecting pedophiles".[51] Cramer also agreed that "public schools should be 'prevented from brainwashing elementary school children with the Homosexual Agenda.'"[51] Cramer indicated support for requiring schools to teach that there are only two genders and granting Christian businesses the right to not service same-sex weddings.[51] A spokesman for Cramer said: "Let's be clear. Congressman Cramer doesn't support the teaching of history with any special emphasis on any particular group. History is history and should be taught as such. Additionally, Kevin does not think transgender people are at all comparable to pedophiles – this a gross misinterpretation of the survey question."[51]

Cramer opposes same-sex marriage and condemned the Supreme Court of the United States' decision in Obergefell v. Hodges.[52][53][54][51]

Supreme Court nomination of Brett Kavanaugh[edit]

In 2018, Cramer said that both Anita Hill's sexual harassment allegations against Clarence Thomas and Christine Blasey Ford's sexual assault allegations against Brett Kavanaugh were "absurd". He called Ford's allegation "even more absurd" than Hill's because the sexual assault that Ford described "never went anywhere" and because both Kavanaugh and Ford were intoxicated teenagers.[55] Cramer questioned whether Ford's sexual assault allegations against Kavanaugh would disqualify him from the Supreme Court even if found to be true, adding that if Kavanaugh were found to have lied in denying the allegations, that would be disqualifying.[56]

Taxes[edit]

Cramer voted to repeal the estate tax, which imposes a tax after the first several million dollars on the estate of a dead person.[57] He supports Trump's 25% tax on many types of imports, which may have decreased sales for North Dakota's soybean industry in 2018, but has said he believes the long-term benefits of a trade war are worth it.[58][59]

Elections[edit]

2012[edit]

In 2012, incumbent U.S. Representative Rick Berg decided to retire to run for the U.S. Senate. Cramer decided to run for the seat a fourth time.

Various national conservative groups, include FreedomWorks and the Club for Growth, endorsed Cramer, while Berg endorsed Cramer's rival, fellow Public Service Commissioner Brian Kalk.[60] In the Republican primary election in June 2012, Cramer received 54,405 votes (54%) to Kalk's 45,415 (45%).[61]

In the November 2012 general election, Cramer defeated Democratic-NPL State Representative Pam Gulleson, receiving 173,585 votes (55%) to Gulleson's 131,870 (42%). Libertarian Party candidate Eric Olson received about 3% of the vote.[62]

Cramer was sworn in on January 3, 2013.[63]

2014[edit]

In 2014, Cramer ran for reelection, running unopposed for renomination as the Republican candidate.[64]

Cramer won the general election with 55% of the vote, defeating Democratic-NPL nominee George B. Sinner, who received 38%. A Libertarian candidate, Jack Seaman, received slightly under 6%.[65]

2016[edit]

In 2016, Cramer sought election to a third term in Congress. He ran unopposed in the primary election and defeated Democratic-NPL nominee Chase Iron Eyes, a Native American activist, in the general election.[66][67]

2018 U.S. Senate campaign[edit]

After months of speculation, Cramer announced on January 11, 2018,[68] that he would not seek the Republican nomination for U.S. Senate to run against North Dakota Democratic-Nonpartisan League Party incumbent Heidi Heitkamp and would instead run for reelection to the U.S. House.[69] Then on February 15, 2018, Cramer announced that he had changed his mind and would run for the U.S. Senate in 2018.[70] Odney advertising firm president Pat Finken served as Cramer's campaign manager.[71] On April 7,[72] Cramer secured the official endorsement of the North Dakota Republican Party. Three days later, his campaign announced it had raised $1.35 million in the first quarter of 2018, most of it in late February and March.[73]

In June 2018, The Washington Post reported that Cramer had contacted the White House to seek political help in his Senate campaign and was upset that President Donald Trump had not publicly criticized incumbent Democratic Senator Heidi Heitkamp in the same way that he had criticized other Democrats.[74] Cramer later publicly criticized White House staff and argued that Trump was refraining from criticizing Heitkamp because she was a woman.[74] Trump scheduled a June 2018 trip to North Dakota to campaign for Cramer, a trip that Politico reported "could go a long way toward extinguishing tensions between the White House and the Senate hopeful."[75]

Cramer secured the Republican nomination for the United States Senate on June 12, 2018.[76]

In July 2018, a spokesman for the political network organized by the Koch brothers announced that they would not financially support Cramer's campaign because the brothers viewed Cramer as insufficiently supportive of free trade and fiscal conservatism, and because Cramer held other views inconsistent with theirs.[77]

In the November 6, 2018, general election, Cramer defeated Heitkamp.[78] Cramer received 55% of the vote to Heitkamp's 45%.[79]

Electoral history[edit]

U.S. Congress for North Dakota's at-large district, 1996
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Earl Pomeroy 144,833 55.07%
Republican Kevin Cramer 113,684 43.22%
Independent Kenneth R. Loughead 4,493 1.71%
U.S. Congress for North Dakota's at-large district, 1998
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Earl Pomeroy 119,668 56.21%
Republican Kevin Cramer 87,511 41.11%
Independent Kenneth R. Loughead 5,709 2.68%
North Dakota Public Service Commissioner, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer 191,825 65.49%
Democratic Ron Gumeringer 101,081 34.51%
North Dakota Public Service Commissioner, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer 142,644 61.45%
Democratic Brad Crabtree 81,011 34.90%
Libertarian Joshua Voytek 8,315 3.58%
No party Write-Ins 144 0.06%
U.S. Congress for North Dakota's at-large district, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer 173,433 54.87%
Democratic Pam Gulleson 131,869 41.72%
Libertarian Eric Olson 10,261 3.25%
No party Write-Ins 508 0.16%
U.S. Congress for North Dakota's at-large district, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer 138,100 55.54%
Democratic George B. Sinner 95,678 38.48%
Libertarian Jack Seaman 14,531 5.84%
No party Write-Ins 361 0.15%
U.S. Congress for North Dakota's at-large district, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer 233,980 69.13%
Democratic Chase Iron Eyes 80,377 23.75%
Libertarian Jack Seaman 23,528 6.95%
No party Write-Ins 574 0.17%
U.S. Senate election in North Dakota, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Cramer 178,876 55.4%
Democratic Heidi Heitkamp 143,737 44.6%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Richard Cramer". Boulger Funeral Home. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Meet Kevin". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  3. ^ "NDDOT - nd511". Pc6.psc.state.nd.us. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  4. ^ "Cramer to stay in Bismarck with family | Government, Politics and Elections". bismarcktribune.com. 2018-02-27. Retrieved 2018-06-21.
  5. ^ a b Martin, Alexandra (September 2018). "Person Behind The Politico With Kevin Cramer". Fargo Monthly. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  6. ^ Jean, Renée (October 19, 2018). "Cramer talks about his campaign for North Dakota's U.S. Senator". Williston Herald. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  7. ^ "29 May 1993, 1 - The Bismarck Tribune at Newspapers.com". Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  8. ^ "15 Oct 1997, 1 - The Bismarck Tribune at Newspapers.com". Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  9. ^ "11 Jul 1997, 8 - The Bismarck Tribune at Newspapers.com". Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  10. ^ "9 Dec 2000, 1 - The Bismarck Tribune at Newspapers.com". Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Minot Daily News endorses Kevin Cramer". Minot Daily News. November 4, 2018. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  12. ^ "ND At-Large Race - Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  13. ^ "ND At-Large Race - Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  14. ^ Ifill, Gwen. "North Dakota, At-Large House District - NationalJournal.com". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  15. ^ "ND Public Service Commissioner Race - Nov 02, 2004". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  16. ^ Herzog, Karen (May 5, 2011). "Fifth and final Honor Flight will take WWII veterans to see their memorial". Bismarck Tribune. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  17. ^ [1][dead link]
  18. ^ "Daily News - Health, Money, Social Security, Medicare, Politics - Bulletin Today". Bulletin.aarp.org. 2017-01-04. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  19. ^ "Kevin Cramer for North Dakota Public Service Commission (ndpsc) Re Election Campaign 2010 NDGOP Republican (kevincramer.org)". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  20. ^ "ND Public Service Commissioner Race - Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  21. ^ "Committees and Caucuses". Congressman Kevin Cramer. 2012-12-13. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
  22. ^ "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  23. ^ "Members". Congressional Western Caucus. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  24. ^ Kevin Cramer: North Dakota women not profitable for Planned Parenthood (video of statement on U.S. House of Representatives floor, made available by Getty Images).
  25. ^ Cramer Statement on Planned Parenthood Abortion Practices (press release), Office of U.S. Representative (July 16, 2015).
  26. ^ a b Amanda Terkel, Kevin Cramer, North Dakota Congressman, Ties School Shootings to Abortion Legalization, The Huffington Post (May 16, 2013).
  27. ^ Natasha Burton, Another Day, Another Crazy Abortion Claim from a Conservative Male Politician, Cosmopolitan (May 17, 2013).
  28. ^ US Rep. Cramer Criticized For Linking Legalized Abortion To School Shootings, Associated Press (May 21, 2013).
  29. ^ Blake, Aaron (January 31, 2017). "Whip Count: Here's where Republicans stand on Trump's controversial travel ban". Washington Post.
  30. ^ "Trump endorses Kevin Cramer and urges North Dakota to vote out Heidi Heitkamp". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  31. ^ "GOP lawmaker: 'Poorly dressed' Democratic women wore 'bad-looking white pantsuits'". POLITICO. Retrieved 2017-03-01.
  32. ^ a b Ben Schreckinger, Trump acknowledges climate change — at his golf course, Politico (May 23, 2016).
  33. ^ a b Ashley Park & Coral Davenport, New York Times: What Are Donald Trump's Views on Climate Change? Some Clues Emerge, New York Times (May 26, 2016).
  34. ^ Evan Lehmann, Meet Donald Trump's New Energy Adviser: Kevin Cramer calls himself a climate-change skeptic yet he might support a carbon tax, ClimateWire (republished by Scientific American) (May 13, 2016).
  35. ^ a b Valerie Volcovici, Trump taps climate change skeptic, fracking advocate as key energy advisor, Reuters (May 13, 2016).
  36. ^ Mark Drajem, Get your energy policy ideas to Kevin Cramer ASAP[permanent dead link], Bloomberg Government (May 16, 2016).
  37. ^ Ashley Parker & Coral Davenport, Donald Trump's Energy Plan: More Fossil Fuels and Fewer Rules, (May 26, 2016).
  38. ^ Mike DeBonis, Paul Ryan faces intense pressure to reconcile with Donald Trump, The Washington Post (May 11, 2016).
  39. ^ Igor Bobic, GOP Rep. Quotes Bible On Food Stamps: 'If Anyone Is Not Willing To Work, Let Him Not Eat', TalkingPointsMemo (September 20, 2013).
  40. ^ Rep. Cramer's opponents use Bible verses to debate food stamp cuts, look toward 2014 election, Grand Forks Herald (September 25, 2013).
  41. ^ Ted Fioraliso, Cramer says increased gun control wouldn't have prevented Orlando shooting, KFYR-TV (July 14, 2016).
  42. ^ Nick Smith, Hoeven, Cramer give gun legislation cool response, Bismarck Tribune (June 21, 2016).
  43. ^ John Hageman, State leaders have mixed feelings in Affordable Care Act ruling, Grand Forks Herald (June 25, 2015).
  44. ^ U.S. House Votes to Repeal Obamacare (press release), Office of U.S. Representative Kevin Cramer (February 3, 2015).
  45. ^ a b "Cramer's office threatens constituents". High Plains Reader, Fargo ND. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  46. ^ "Analysis | Would the House GOP plan have prevented 'price discrimination' against people with preexisting conditions?". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-09-23.
  47. ^ a b Luke Johnson, "Kevin Cramer, North Dakota Congressman, Regrets Berating Native American Counselors", Huffington Post (March 28, 2013).
  48. ^ Vincent Schilling, North Dakota Congressman Kevin Cramer Allegedly Verbally Attacks Abused Native Women's Advocate, Indian Country Today Media Network (April 1, 2013).
  49. ^ a b Congressman Kevin Cramer (R-ND) Votes to Eliminate Constitutional Challenges to the Violence Against Women Act (press release), Office of U.S. Representative Kevin Cramer (February 28, 2013).
  50. ^ a b Sierra Crane-Murdoch, Is the Violence Against Women Act a chance for tribes to reinforce their sovereignty?, High Country Today (June 12, 2013).
  51. ^ a b c d e f CNN, Andrew Kaczynski,. "GOP Senate nominees Kevin Cramer, Corey Stewart sought support of extreme anti-gay group". CNN. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
  52. ^ Krista Boehm, The first same-sex couple to grab their marriage license, KVLY-TV (June 26, 2015).
  53. ^ Cramer Statement on Supreme Court Same Sex Marriage Ruling (press release), Office of U.S. Representative Kevin Cramer (June 26, 2015).
  54. ^ Nick Smith, N.D. delegation split on gay marriage, Bismarck Tribune (June 26, 2013).
  55. ^ CNN, Andrew Kaczynski and Christopher Massie,. "GOP Senate nominee: Kavanaugh accusation 'absurd' because they were drunk and assault attempt 'never went anywhere'". CNN. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
  56. ^ "GOP Rep. Cramer questions whether accusation against Kavanaugh should disqualify him, even if true". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  57. ^ Cramer - House Passes Death Tax Repeal Act of 2015 (press release), Office of U.S. Representative Kevin Cramer (April 16, 2015).
  58. ^ "North Dakota's Heitkamp attacks Cramer in new ad on tariffs". thestate. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  59. ^ "Kevin Cramer has home field advantage in North Dakota Senate race. Can he capitalize?". Washington Examiner. 2018-08-24. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  60. ^ Shira T. Center, North Dakota: Rick Berg Backs Brian Kalk for His House Seat, Roll Call (June 5, 2012).
  61. ^ Official Results Primary Election - June 12, 2012, North Dakota Secretary of State.
  62. ^ Official Results General Election - November 6, 2012, North Dakota Secretary of State.
  63. ^ Nick Smith, Heidi Heitkamp, Kevin Cramer sworn into office, Bismarck Tribune (January 3, 2013).
  64. ^ Official Results Primary Election - June 10, 2014, North Dakota Secretary of State.
  65. ^ Official Results General Election - November 4, 2014, North Dakota Secretary of State.
  66. ^ Official Results Primary Election - June 14, 2016, North Dakota Secretary of State.
  67. ^ Mark Trahant, Chase Iron Eyes Runs In North Dakota Out of 'Necessity', Indian Country Today Media Network (April 3, 2016).
  68. ^ Miyoshi, Sheila (2018-01-11). "Cramer won't run for Senate in North Dakota". Politico. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  69. ^ Hageman, John (2018-01-15). "Cramer names campaign manager for re-election bid". Grand Forks Herald. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  70. ^ Taylor, Jessica (February 15, 2018). "GOP Gets Top Recruit To Run In Key North Dakota Senate Race". NPR. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  71. ^ JACK DURA Bismarck Tribune (2018-03-22). "Finken leading Cramer campaign | Government, Politics and Elections". bismarcktribune.com. Retrieved 2018-06-21.
  72. ^ "Rep. Kevin Cramer accepts GOP endorsement". Kfyrtv.com. 2018-04-07. Retrieved 2018-06-21.
  73. ^ http://www.washingtontimes.com, The Washington Times. "Kevin Cramer's Senate campaign raises $1.135 million in first quarter". Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  74. ^ a b Sullivan, Sean (2018-06-11). "'It's obscene': GOP candidate seethes as Trump embraces Democratic senator". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  75. ^ Isenstadt, Alex (June 15, 2018). "Trump to campaign in N. Dakota for Rep. Kevin Cramer". Politico. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  76. ^ Press, Associated. "Republican U.S. Rep. Kevin Cramer wins North Dakota Senate primary, moves on to face incumbent Sen. Heidi Heitkamp". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-06-21.
  77. ^ Severns, Maggie (July 30, 2018). "Koch network snubs key GOP Senate candidate". Politico. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  78. ^ "Incumbent Sen. Heidi Heitkamp concedes to Kevin Cramer in North Dakota Senate Race". ABC News. November 6, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  79. ^ "North Dakota Election Results". New York Times. Retrieved 9 November 2018.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Layton Freborg
Chair of the North Dakota Republican Party
1991–1993
Succeeded by
John Korsmo
Preceded by
Rick Berg
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from North Dakota
(Class 1)

2018
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Fuglie
Tourism Director of North Dakota
1993–1997
Succeeded by
Bob Martinson
Preceded by
Chuck Stroup
Economic Development Director of North Dakota
1997–2000
Succeeded by
Lee Peterson
Preceded by
Leo Reinbold
Member of the North Dakota Public Service Commission
2003–2012
Succeeded by
Julie Fedorchak
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Rick Berg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Dakota's at-large congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Paul Cook
United States Representatives by seniority
259th
Succeeded by
Rodney Davis