Kevin P. Chilton
|Kevin P. Chilton|
November 3, 1954 |
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Kevin Patrick Chilton|
|USAFA, B.S. 1976
Columbia University, M.S. 1977
Time in space
|29d 08h 22m|
|Selection||1987 NASA Group 12|
|Missions||STS-49, STS-59, STS-76|
|Retirement||February 1, 2011|
Kevin Patrick "Chilli" Chilton (born November 3, 1954) is an American mechanical engineer, and former United States Air Force four-star General and test pilot. His last assignment was as Commander, U.S. Strategic Command from October 3, 2007 to January 28, 2011. Prior to his appointment to general officer ranks, Chilton spent 11 years of his military career as a NASA astronaut. He retired from the Air Force on February 1, 2011, after having achieved the highest rank of any military astronaut. On January 30, 2012, General Chilton was named to the board of directors of Orbital Sciences Corporation.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Early Air Force career
- 3 NASA career
- 4 Spaceflight experience
- 5 Air Force career resumed
- 6 Education
- 7 Military assignments
- 8 Flight information
- 9 Organizations
- 10 Awards and decorations
- 11 Effective dates of promotion
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Born November 3, 1954, in Los Angeles, California, he graduated from St. Bernard High School, Playa del Rey, California, in 1972. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Sciences from the United States Air Force Academy in 1976, and an Master of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from Columbia University on a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1977. He enjoys reading and all sports, including running, snow skiing, sailing, and softball.
Early Air Force career
Chilton received his commission from the U.S. Air Force Academy in 1976. After receiving his pilot wings at Williams Air Force Base, Arizona in 1978, he qualified in the RF-4C Phantom II and was assigned to the 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron at Kadena Air Base, Japan. From 1978 until 1980, he served as a combat-ready pilot and instructor pilot in the RF-4C in Korea, Japan and the Philippines.
In 1981, he converted to the F-15 Eagle and was assigned to the 67th Tactical Fighter Squadron at Kadena Air Base, as a squadron pilot. In 1982, Chilton attended the USAF Squadron Officer School at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, and finished as the number one graduate for the year, receiving the Secretary of the Air Force Leadership Award.
Subsequently assigned to the 9th and 7th Tactical Fighter Squadrons at Holloman AFB, New Mexico, Chilton served as an F-15 squadron weapons officer, instructor pilot, and flight commander until 1984 when selected for the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School. He graduated number one in his class to win the Liethen-Tittle Award, as the outstanding test pilot at the school.
Chilton was assigned to Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, where he conducted weapons and systems tests in all models of the F-15 and F-4 aircraft. While a member of the 3247th Test Squadron, Chilton served as squadron safety officer, as chief of test and evaluation, and as squadron operations officer.
Chilton held a variety of technical assignments. He served in the Mission Development Branch of the Astronaut Office in support of the Infrared Background Signature Survey (IBSS) satellite, and the Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle (OMV) programs. He was the Astronaut Office T-38 Talon safety officer, leader of the Astronaut Support Personnel team at the Kennedy Space Center, and was lead spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM) for numerous Shuttle flights.
STS-49, which lasted from May 7–16, 1992, was the maiden voyage of Space Shuttle Endeavour. During the mission, the crew conducted the initial test flight of Endeavour, performed a record four EVA’s (spacewalks) to retrieve, repair and deploy the International Telecommunications Satellite (INTELSAT), and to demonstrate and evaluate numerous EVA tasks to be used for the assembly of Space Station Freedom. Additionally, a variety of medical, scientific and operational tests were conducted throughout the mission. STS-49 logged 213 hours in space and 141 Earth orbits prior to landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, where the crew conducted the first test of the Endeavour’s drag chute.
STS-59, the Space Radar Laboratory (SRL) mission, April 9–20, 1994, was launched aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour. SRL consisted of three large radars, SIR-C/X-SAR (Shuttle Imaging Radar C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar), and a carbon monoxide sensor that were used to enhance studies of the Earth's surface and atmosphere. The imaging radars operated in three frequencies and four polarizations. This multispectral capability of the radars provided information about the Earth's surface over a wide range of scales not discernible with previous single-frequency experiments. The carbon monoxide sensor (MAPS) used gas filter radiometry to measure the global distribution of CO in the troposphere. Real-time crew observations of surface phenomena and climatic conditions augmented with over 14,000 photographs aided investigators in interpretation and calibration of the data. The mission concluded with a landing at Edwards AFB after orbiting the Earth 183 times in 269 hours.
Chilton commanded STS-76, the third docking mission to the Russian space station Mir, which launched on March 22, 1996 with a crew of six aboard Atlantis. Following rendezvous and docking with Mir, transfer of a NASA astronaut to Mir for a five-month stay was accomplished to begin a continuous presence of U.S. astronauts aboard Mir for the next two-year period. The crew also transferred 4800 pounds of science and mission hardware, food, water and air to Mir and returned over 1100 pounds of U.S. and ESA science and Russian hardware. The first spacewalk from the Shuttle while docked to Mir was conducted. Experiment packages were transferred from the Shuttle and mounted on the Mir docking module to detect and assess debris and contamination in a space station environment. The Spacehab module carried in the Shuttle payload bay was utilized extensively for transfer and return stowage of logistics and science and also carried Biorack, a small multipurpose laboratory used during this mission for research of plant and animal cellular function. This mission was also the first flight of Kidsat, an electronic camera controlled by classroom students via a Ku-band link between JSC Mission Control and the Shuttle, which used digitized photography from the Shuttle for science and education. Following 145 orbits of the Earth, Atlantis landed with a crew of five at Edwards Air Force Base in California on March 31, 1996, 221 hours after liftoff.
Air Force career resumed
Chilton left NASA in 1998 to become Deputy Director, Political Military Affairs for Asia, Pacific, and the Middle East on the Joint Staff. His first military command was the 9th Reconnaissance Wing (9 RW) at Beale AFB, California, from May 1999 to September 2000. In August 2004, Chilton assumed the dual duties of Commander, Eighth Air Force (8 AF) and Commander, Joint Functional Component Command for Space and Global Strike (JFCC SGS) at Barksdale AFB, Louisiana. In April 2006, Chilton was nominated to become the Commander of the Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) at Peterson AFB, Colorado. On June 26, 2006, he received his fourth star and assumed command of Air Force Space Command. Chilton then took command of the United States Strategic Command in October 2007, his last assignment before retiring. General Chilton is the only former astronaut to achieve four-star grade. Lieutenant General Tom Stafford, Vice Admiral Dick Truly and Lieutenant General Susan Helms have attained the rank of three stars.
- 1976 Distinguished graduate, Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Sciences, United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colorado
- 1977 Master of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University, New York City, New York
- 1982 Distinguished graduate, Squadron Officer School, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama
- 1984 Distinguished graduate, U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School, Edwards Air Force Base, California
- 1985 Air Command and Staff College, by correspondence
- 2001 Air War College, by correspondence
- May 1977 – May 1978, student, undergraduate pilot training, Williams Air Force Base, Arizona
- May 1978 – August 1978, student, RF-4C Replacement Training Unit, Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina
- August 1978 – November 1980, RF-4C pilot and instructor pilot, 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, Kadena Air Base, Japan
- November 1980 – August 1982, F-15C pilot, 67th Tactical Fighter Squadron, Kadena Air Base, Japan
- August 1982 – October 1982, student, Squadron Officer School, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama
- October 1982 – December 1983, F-15A pilot, instructor pilot and flight commander, 9th and 7th Tactical Fighter Squadrons, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico
- January 1984 – December 1984, student, U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School, Edwards Air Force Base, California
- January 1985 – August 1987, test pilot and operations officer, 3247th Test Squadron, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida
- August 1987 – August 1988, astronaut candidate, NASA, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas
- August 1988 – May 1996, astronaut, NASA, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas
- May 1996 – August 1998, Deputy Program Manager of Operations, International Space Station Program, NASA, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas
- August 1998 – May 1999, Deputy Director of Operations, Headquarters Air Force Space Command, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
- May 1999 – September 2000, Commander, 9th Reconnaissance Wing, Beale Air Force Base, California
- October 2000 – April 2002, Director of Politico-Military Affairs, Asia-Pacific and Middle East, Joint Staff, The Pentagon, Washington, D.C.
- April 2002 – August 2004, Director of Programs, Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Programs, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C.
- August 2004 – August 2005, acting Assistant Vice Chief of Staff, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C.
- August 2005 – June 2006, Commander, 8th Air Force, Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana, and Joint Functional Component Commander for Space and Global Strike, United States Strategic Command, Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska
- June 2006 – September 2007, Commander, Air Force Space Command, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
- October 2007 – January 2011, Commander, U.S. Strategic Command, Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska
Summary of joint assignments
- October 2000 – April 2002, Director of Politico-Military Affairs, Asia-Pacific and Middle East, Joint Staff, The Pentagon, Washington, D.C., as a Brigadier General and Major General
- October 2007 – January 2011, Commander, U.S. Strategic Command, Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, as a General
- Rating: Command astronaut pilot
- Flight hours: More than 5,000
- Aircraft flown: F-4C/D/E, F-15A/B/C/D, OV-104A and OV-105A (space shuttles Atlantis and Endeavour), RF-4C, T-38, U-2 and VC-11, B-52H
Awards and decorations
- National Space Trophy
- NASA "Top Fox" Flight Safety Award
- Guggenheim Fellow
- Commander's Trophy, Undergraduate Pilot Training
- 1982 Secretary of the Air Force Leadership Award
- 1984 Liethen-Tittle Award for top graduate, U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School
- 2012 Induction into the United States Astronaut Hall of Fame on May 5th in a ceremony that took place at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex.
Effective dates of promotion
|General||June 26, 2006|
|Lieutenant General||August 9, 2005|
|Major General||April 1, 2002|
|Brigadier General||May 1, 1999|
|Colonel||January 1, 1993|
|Lieutenant Colonel||June 2, 1989|
|Major||May 2, 1985|
|Captain||June 2, 1980|
|First Lieutenant||June 2, 1978|
|Second Lieutenant||June 2, 1976|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kevin P. Chilton.|
- U.S. Strategic Command Official Site
- Chilton's official NASA biography
- Official U.S. Strategic Command biography of Kevin P. Chilton
- Astronautix biography of Kevin P. Chilton
- Spacefacts biography of Kevin P. Chilton
- Chilton at Spaceacts
- 2011 National Space Trophy Recipient
|Commander, United States Strategic Command
C. Robert Kehler