Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike (IND Queens Boulevard Line)

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Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike
NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Kew Gardens - Jamaica Bound Platform.jpg
Station statistics
Address Union Turnpike & Queens Boulevard
Queens, NY 11415
Borough Queens
Locale Kew Gardens / Forest Hills
Coordinates 40°42′51″N 73°49′51″W / 40.714151°N 73.830786°W / 40.714151; -73.830786Coordinates: 40°42′51″N 73°49′51″W / 40.714151°N 73.830786°W / 40.714151; -73.830786
Division B (IND)
Line IND Queens Boulevard Line
Services       E all times (all times)
      F all times (all times)
Connection
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened December 31, 1936; 78 years ago (1936-12-31)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Wireless service Wi-Fi[1][2]
Traffic
Passengers (2014) 8,363,109[3]Decrease 2.9%
Rank 44 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Briarwood (local): E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends F all times
Parsons Boulevard (express): E rush hours
Jamaica – Van Wyck (Archer express): E weekdays until 9:00 p.m.
Next south 75th Avenue (local): E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends F all times
Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (express): E weekdays until 9:00 p.m.


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Jamaica – 179th Street (via Queens Blvd./Hillside): E rush hours F all times
Jamaica – Van Wyck (via Archer): E all times
Next Handicapped/disabled access south Forest Hills – 71st Avenue: E all times F all times

Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike is an express station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway. Located at Union Turnpike and Queens Boulevard on the border of Kew Gardens and Forest Hills, Queens, it is served by the E and F trains at all times. Despite the station's name, Union Turnpike forms the border between Kew Gardens and Forest Hills, and the station straddles that border. Multiple entrances are located in each neighborhood.[4]

The station replaced Roosevelt Avenue as the terminus of the line on December 31, 1936.[5] In April of 1937, the line was extended to 169th Street, with 169th Street and Parsons Boulevard serving as terminals.[6][7]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at SE corner of Union Turnpike and Kew Gardens Road)
B2
Platform level
Southbound local NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward World Trade Center evenings, late nights & weekends (75th Avenue)
NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (75th Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward World Trade Center weekdays (Forest Hills – 71st Avenue)
Northbound express NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer weekdays (Jamaica – Van Wyck)
NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward Jamaica – 179th Street rush hours (Parsons Boulevard)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer evenings, late nights & weekends (Briarwood)
NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg toward Jamaica – 179th Street (Briarwood)
B3
Lower level tracks
[8][9][10]
Yard track No passenger service
Yard track No passenger service

This express station has four tracks and two island platforms. The F train stops on the outer local tracks at all times while the E stops on the center express tracks weekdays (Manhattan-bound from approximately 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Jamaica-bound from 7:30 a.m. to 7:45 p.m.) and on the outer tracks at all other times.

Mezzanines[edit]

This station is unusual in that its mezzanine is split in two halves. This is because at this location, Union Turnpike and the Jackie Robinson Parkway cross under Queens Boulevard but over the Queens Boulevard Line tracks; the mezzanine is at the level of Union Turnpike, one half on either side, with no connection between the two outside of fare control. Previously a grade-level intersection, the underpass was constructed simultaneously with the subway station.[11] Several stairs lead down from sidewalk level to walkways on either side of the turnpike, which themselves lead to one of the mezzanines.[4] Automobiles were formerly allowed to drop off and pick up passengers along those walkways (similar to stations on the IND Concourse Line), but car access is currently blocked.[12]

The eastern (railroad north) half of the mezzanine contains the station's full-time token booth. In 2008, this half, which serves riders of the Q10 and Q37 buses,[4] was upgraded with cube-glass walls, as well as an elevator and ramp to make the station ADA accessible.[13] However, the western (railroad south) half, which serves riders of the heavily used Q46 bus line that runs along Union Turnpike,[4] had its token booth closed and removed (with signage indicating asbestos condemnation).

Track layout[edit]

A signal and switch tower is located at the north end of the northbound platform and is active only on weekdays.

There are two diamond crossovers at this station. One is located at the eastern end and the other is located at the western end. Each allow trains to cross-over between the local and express tracks in the same direction. There is a punch box located at the eastern end of the Jamaica-bound platform, allowing trains to continue along the Queens Boulevard line to 179th Street or to switch to the IND Archer Avenue Line.

East of the station there is a flying junction that connects to the Jamaica Yard, via a wye that curves east from the yard towards Briarwood. A second side of the wye curves west to become a lower level of the subway just west of the station. The yard itself is situated just north of the station in the southern portion of Flushing Meadows Corona Park, between the Grand Central Parkway and the Van Wyck Expressway.[4][5]

Points of interest[edit]

Nearby points of interest include:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NYC Subway Wireless
  2. ^ More Subway Stations in Manhattan, Bronx in Line to Get Online, mta.info (March 25, 2015). "The first two phases included stations in Midtown Manhattan and all underground stations in Queens with the exception of the 7 Main St terminal."
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "MTA Neighborhood Maps:Kew Gardens" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "PWA Party Views New Subway Link: Queens Section to Be Opened Tomorrow Is Inspected by Tuttle and Others". nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 30, 1936. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Subway Link Opens Soon: City Line to Jamaica Will Start About April 24". nytimes.com. The New York Times. March 17, 1937. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Independent Subway Services Beginning in 1932". thejoekorner.com. August 21, 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  8. ^ Station Reporter — E Train
  9. ^ Station Reporter — F Train
  10. ^ nycsubway.org—IND Queens Boulevard Line: Union Turnpike/Kew Gardens
  11. ^ "Highway Program Aids Long Island Growth". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 27, 1930. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  12. ^ From Bus to Subway in Kew Gardens
  13. ^ "Kew Gardens Union Turnpike Station Now ADA Compliant". TransitBlogger.com. Transit Blogger. July 31, 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  14. ^ Trapasso, Clare (April 8, 2012). "Forest Hills merchants struggling after JetBlue departure: Search is on for company to fill empty Forest Hills space". nydailynews.com. Daily News (New York). Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  15. ^ JetBlue Airways Corporation; Forest Hills, NY United States (Hoovers.com)
  16. ^ Mosco, Steve (November 24, 2012). "Forest Hills enjoys boost in business with FEMA arrival". timesledger.com. Times Ledger. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  17. ^ Gothamist (September 18, 2014). "Visiting The Retired Redbird Subway Train In Queens". gothamist.com. Gothamist. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike (IND Queens Boulevard Line) at Wikimedia Commons