Key West International Airport

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Key West International Airport
Key West International Airport Logo.jpg
IATA: EYWICAO: KEYWFAA LID: EYW
WMO: 72201
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Monroe County
Serves Key West, Florida
Elevation AMSL 3 ft / 1 m
Coordinates 24°33′22″N 081°45′34″W / 24.55611°N 81.75944°W / 24.55611; -81.75944Coordinates: 24°33′22″N 081°45′34″W / 24.55611°N 81.75944°W / 24.55611; -81.75944
Website eyw.com
Map
EYW is located in Florida
EYW
EYW
Location of airport in Florida
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
9/27 4,801 1,463 Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Aircraft operations 62,293
Based aircraft 59

Key West International Airport (IATA: EYWICAO: KEYWFAA LID: EYW) is an international airport located in Monroe County, Florida, two miles east of Key West.

Flights departing from EYW often have weight restrictions because the airport's runway is only 4,801 feet (1,463 metres) long.[2]

History[edit]

Aerial view of Key West International Airport

Key West's aviation history began in 1913, with a flight to Cuba by Augustin Parla. In 1928, Pan American Airways began scheduled flights from Key West.[3] The main runway at Meacham Field was pressed into U.S. Army use after the Pearl Harbor attack, and into U.S. Navy use later in World War II as an alternative to the Trumbo Point seaplane base and the main Naval Air Station for fixed-wing and lighter-than-air (i.e., blimp) aircraft on Boca Chica Key. After the war, the city took over what became Key West Municipal Airport.[4] In January 1953, the city gave Monroe County the title to Meacham Field, allowing the county to apply for Federal Aviation Administration grants.[5] Around the same time, the airport became Key West International Airport.

National Airlines began flights to Miami in the mid 1940s with Lockheed Lodestar twin prop aircraft,[6] although the airport did not have a paved runway until around 1956. National served Key West for nearly 25 years and later operated Convair 340 and Convair 440 prop aircraft,[7] as well as Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprops, into the airport.[8] In 1968, National began the first jet flights into Key West with Boeing 727-100s, providing nonstop service to Miami. By 1969, National was operating daily 727 jet service direct to Washington National Airport, Philadelphia International Airport, and John F. Kennedy International Airport via intermediate stops in Miami, West Palm Beach, and Orlando.[9]

Several other airlines also began operating jet service into Key West. In 1979, Air Florida was operating five nonstop flights a day to Miami with Boeing 737 jetliners.[10] In 1987, Eastern Airlines was operating daily mainline Boeing 727-100 jet service nonstop to Miami.[11] By 1989, Piedmont Airlines was operating six nonstop flights a day to Miami with Fokker F28 Fellowship twin jets.[12] This F28 jet service was then continued by USAir following its acquisition of and merger with Piedmont.[13] More recently, Southwest Airlines, following its acquisition of AirTran, operated Boeing 737-700 jet service into the airport, including nonstop flights from New Orleans, Orlando, and Tampa. However, Southwest subsequently ceased all service to the airport.[14]

The terminal as seen from the Atlantic Ocean

A number of commuter and regional airlines also served Key West with turboprop and prop aircraft during the 1980s and 1990s primarily with nonstop flights to Miami but also with nonstop service to Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Naples, Orlando and Tampa.[15] According to the Official Airline Guide (OAG), these air carriers included Air Florida Commuter, Airways International, American Eagle Airlines, Bar Harbor Airlines (operating Eastern Express code sharing service for Eastern Airlines), Cape Air, Comair (operating Delta Connection code sharing service for Delta Air Lines), Dolphin Airlines, Gulfstream International Airlines (operating independently and later as Continental Connection with code sharing services for Continental Airlines), Gull Air, Pan Am Express, Paradise Island Airlines (operating code sharing service for Carnival Air Lines), Pro Air Services, Provincetown-Boston Airlines (PBA), Southeast Airlines, Southern Express and USAir Express. Turboprop aircraft operated into the airport included the ATR-42, British Aerospace BAe Jetstream 31, Beechcraft 1900C, Beechcraft 1900D, Beechcraft C99, CASA 212 Aviocar, de Havilland Canada DHC-7 Dash 7, de Havilland Canada DHC-8 Dash 8, Embraer EMB-110 Bandeirante, Embraer EMB-120 Brasilia, Nord 262 and Saab 340. American Eagle later operated ATR-72 propjets into the airport before introducing regional jet service. Delta Connection subsequently introduced regional jet service as well. Piston engine twin prop aircraft flown by commuter air carriers serving Key West included the Cessna 402, Douglas DC-3, Martin 2-0-2, Martin 4-0-4 and Piper Navajo.

Facilities[edit]

Ticketing Hall
Conch Republic sign at the Key West International Airport

Key West International Airport covers 334 acres (135 ha) at an elevation of 3 feet (1 m). Its one runway, 9/27, is 4,801 by 100 feet (1,463 x 30 m) asphalt.[1]

The airport has two terminals designed by Mark Mosko and Dwane Stark of URS; Mosko also worked on Baltimore–Washington International Airport. The older ground-level terminal building opened in 1957 and now serves arriving passengers. The terminal was expanded with the addition of a second building elevated over the parking lot in February 2009. With an area of about 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2), it more than doubled the airport's terminal space. The newer building includes an elevated roadway and houses ticketing, check-in, and the airport's security checkpoint. The older building was then renovated with the former ticketing area becoming an expanded departure gate lounge, and the baggage claim area was then expanded into the former departure lounge. The two buildings are connected by an enclosed walkway.[16]

Parking for 300 vehicles is at ground level beneath the newer terminal—150 spaces for rental cars and 150 for the public.[17]

In 2011, the airport had 62,293 aircraft operations, averaging 170 per day: 71% general aviation, 16% air taxi, 13% airline, and <1% military. At the time, 59 aircraft were based at the airport: 61% single-engine, 37% multi-engine, and 2% helicopter.[1]

Annual traffic[edit]

Key West's traffic was generally fairly stagnant to start the new millennium, but gradually began increasing at the end of the 2000s with the addition of the new terminal and the introduction of low-cost jet service operated by AirTran, as well as mainline jet service by Delta. [18] However, Southwest Airlines then acquired AirTran in 2001 and continued to operate flights from the airport, first via the AirTran brand and then directly via Southwest branding before ceasing all service in June 2014.[19] This resulted in a slight decrease in traffic in the 2014 calendar year.

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at EYW, 2000 through 2014[20][21] [22]
Year Passengers
2000 292,508
2001 261,809
2002 272,440
2003 299,193
2004 298,790
2005 314,075
2006 294,047
2007 270,781
2008 231,339
2009 234,322
2010 287,359
2011 335,603
2012 370,637
2013 402,842
2014 383,776

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
American Eagle Miami, Washington–National
Seasonal: Charlotte
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Delta Connection Atlanta
Gulf Coast Airways Naples
Raven Air Marco Island, Punta Gorda, Sarasota–Bradenton
Silver Airways Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa
United Express Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare (begins January 7, 2017),[23] Newark (begins December 16, 2016)[23]

Delta Air Lines currently operates mainline jet service into the airport with Boeing 737-700 jetliners. Key West's 4,801 foot runway is the shortest runway in North America used regularly by 737s.[24] Delta's regional affiliate, Delta Connection (operated by ExpressJet), operates Canadair CRJ-700 regional jets. American Eagle operates Embraer ERJ-145, ERJ-170, and ERJ-175 regional jets into Key West.[25] Silver Airways operates Saab 340B turboprops.[26] Raven Air uses five-seat Piper Aztec with thrice-weekly service to Marco Island, Punta Gorda, and Sarasota, all of which began on January 15, 2016.[27]

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from EYW (June 2015 – May 2016)[28]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 146,000 Delta
2 Miami, Florida 101,000 American
3 Charlotte, North Carolina 28,000 American/US Airways
4 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 25,000 Silver
5 Tampa, Florida 22,000 Silver
6 Orlando, Florida 16,000 Silver
7 Washington–National, D.C. 13,000 American/US Airways
8 Fort Myers, Florida 7,000 Silver

Accidents and incidents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c FAA Airport Master Record for EYW (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective November 15, 2012.
  2. ^ "AirNav: KEYW - Key West International Airport". www.airnav.com. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  3. ^ "History and events for Key West International Airport". keywestinternationalairport.com. 
  4. ^ [1] Archived March 10, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Key West airport shelf". keyshistory.org. 
  6. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, Feb. 1945 National Airlines system timeyable
  7. ^ http://www.timetablemages.com, April 26, 1959 National Airlines system timetable
  8. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, May 31, 1964 system timetable
  9. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, July 15, 1969 National Airlines system timetable
  10. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Nov. 15, 1979 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Key West to Miami flight schedules
  11. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Aug. 31, 1987 Eastern Airlines system timetable
  12. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, June 1, 1989 Piedmont Airlines route map
  13. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 15, 1989 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Miami-Key West flight schedules
  14. ^ [2][dead link]
  15. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Official Airline Guide (OAG) editions: April 1, 1981; July 1, 1983; Feb. 15, 1985; Dec. 15, 1989; Oct. 1, 1991; April 2, 1995; June 1, 1999; Miami-Key West flight schedules & Key West flight schedules
  16. ^ "NEW KEY WEST AIRPORT TERMINAL TO OPEN FEB. 25". Florida Keys. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  17. ^ "New Terminal Opens at Key West International Airport". Florida Browser. Retrieved September 17, 2009. 
  18. ^ McCarthy, Ryan (December 21, 2011). "Key West airport gets a lift with new terminal, service". The Miami Herald. Retrieved December 21, 2011. [dead link]
  19. ^ http://konknet.com/2014-04-06-3/
  20. ^ http://www.faa.gov/airports/planning_capacity/passenger_allcargo_stats/passenger/media/cy05_primary_np_commercial.pdf
  21. ^ http://www.faa.gov/airports/planning_capacity/passenger_allcargo_stats/passenger/media/cy00_primary_rankorder.pdf
  22. ^ http://www.faa.gov/airports/planning_capacity/passenger_allcargo_stats/passenger/
  23. ^ a b http://www.flkeysnews.com/news/business/article96869867.html
  24. ^ "AirTran and Delta begin 737 flights to Key West". Sunshine Skies. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  25. ^ http://www.aa.com, timetable
  26. ^ "Silver Airways - Official Website- Flights to Florida, Bahamas & More". silverairways.com. 
  27. ^ http://www.bradenton.com/news/business/article49681630.html
  28. ^ "RITA - BTS - Transtats". bts.gov. 
  29. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 8, 2009. 
  30. ^ "CU-T1192 Hijacking description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved June 21, 2001. 
  31. ^ "Cuba". DC3 history. Retrieved June 6, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Rick Hendrick crash". Accident Description. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Accident Report". Accident Report. NJ.com. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 

External links[edit]