G major (or the key of G) is a major scale based on G, with the pitches G, A, B, C, D, E, and F. Its ♯ key signature has one sharp, F . ♯
relative minor is E minor, and its parallel minor is G minor.
For orchestral works in G major, the
timpani are typically set to G and D, a fifth apart, rather than a fourth apart as for most other keys.
Notable compositions [ edit ]
Baroque period [ edit ]
Classical era [ edit ]
Notable examples from the
Classical period include:
Joseph Haydn's 104 Symphonies (11.5%, 1.4 times more than in an even distribution) are in G major. See also: List of symphonies in G major. Likewise one of Haydn's most famous piano trios, No. 39 (with the Gypsy Rondo), and one of his last two complete published string quartets (Op. 77, No. 1), are in G major. G major is the home key of Mozart's
, serving as the tonic for three of its four movements (the exception being the second movement, titled Eine kleine Nachtmusik Romanze which is in the subdominant key). However, almost none of his large-scale works such as his symphonies or concertos are in this key; exceptions are the Piano Concerto No. 17, Flute Concerto No. 1 and his String Quartet No. 14, along with some examples among his juvenilia.
In popular culture [ edit ]
G major is the key stipulated by Queen
Elizabeth II to be used for " God Save the Queen" in Canada. The music to the American national anthem, "  The Star-Spangled Banner", was originally written in G major. Though it is now usually sung in A-flat or B-flat major, some people, most notably humorist and commentator Garrison Keillor, are campaigning to return the song to its original key; they argue that the song is already very difficult to sing on account of its range (one and a half octaves), and the modern standard key makes it still more difficult.  / God Defend New Zealand Aotearoa was originally composed by John Joseph Woods in A-flat major, but after becoming New Zealand's national anthem in 1977 was rearranged into G major to better suit general and massed singing. 
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Mellers, Wilfred (8 April 1991), "Modernism's Child", , The New Republic 204 (14): 38–40
^ Alfred Einstein, Mozart, His Character, His Work, Chapter 10, "Mozart's Choice Of Keys"
^ Why I hate the Goldberg Variations
^ Department of National Defence: The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces; p. 7–2, point 10. Archived March 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Sing the national anthem—and try it in the key of G" by Garrison Keillor, , 2 July 2004 A Prairie Home Companion
^ "Musical score for God Defend New Zealand". Ministry of Culture and Heritage / Manatū Taonga . Retrieved . 10 May 2016
External links [ edit ]
Media related to G major at Wikimedia Commons
The table indicates the number of sharps or flats in each scale. Minor scales are written in lower case.