Keyes, Oklahoma

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Keyes, Oklahoma
Town
Location in Cimarron County and state of Oklahoma.
Location in Cimarron County and state of Oklahoma.
Coordinates: 36°48′27″N 102°15′7″W / 36.80750°N 102.25194°W / 36.80750; -102.25194Coordinates: 36°48′27″N 102°15′7″W / 36.80750°N 102.25194°W / 36.80750; -102.25194
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Cimarron
Area
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
 • Land 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,944 ft (1,202 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 324
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73947
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-39600[1]
GNIS feature ID 1094354[2]

Keyes is a town in Cimarron County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 324 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Keyes was established in 1925 by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.[3] The company named the town after a deceased railroad engineer.[3]

Geography[edit]

Keyes is located at 36°48′30″N 102°15′00″W / 36.808333°N 102.25°W / 36.808333; -102.25.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 350
1940 227 −35.1%
1950 431 89.9%
1960 627 45.5%
1970 569 −9.3%
1980 557 −2.1%
1990 454 −18.5%
2000 410 −9.7%
2010 324 −21.0%
Est. 2015 288 [4] −11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 324 people, 131 households, and 88 families residing in the town.[6] There were 234 housing units.[6] The racial makeup of the town was 94.1% White, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 2.8% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races.[6] Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.2% of the population.[6]

There were 131 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families.[6] 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.[6] The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.08.[6]

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older.[7] The median age was 43.0 years.[7] For every 100 females there were 101.2 males, and for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.[7]

According to the 2013 American Community Survey, The median income for a household in the town was $36,827, and the median income for a family was $62,639.[8] Males had a median income of $36,750 versus $40,833 for females.[8] The per capita income for the town was $22,522.[8] About 8.1% of families and 23.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 53.5% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[8]

Economy[edit]

The town's location in the Hugoton Friedrich Basin makes it an ideal source for helium production from natural gas. A helium plant was built near Keyes in 1958.[3] 169,000 million cubic feet (4.8×109 m3) of liquid helium is produced annually by the Keyes Helium Company.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c Young, Norma Gene. "Keyes," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society. Accessed June 17, 2015.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g United States Census Bureau. " DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 - 2010 Demographic Profile Data - Keyes town, Oklahoma," American FactFinder, Accessed June 21, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c United States Census Bureau." QT-P1 Age Groups and Sex: 2010 more information - 2010 Census Summary File 1 - Keyes town, Oklahoma,"American FactFinder, Accessed June 21, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d United States Census Bureau. "DP03 Selected Economic Characteristics: 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates - Keyes town, Oklahoma," American FactFinder, Accessed June 21, 2015.