כְּפַר אֲדֻמִּים, כפר אדומים
|District||Judea and Samaria Area|
Kfar Adumim (Hebrew: כְּפַר אֲדֻמִּים. lit. Village of The Red) is a mixed religious-secular Israeli settlement in the West Bank. It is located in the Judean Desert, on the southern bank of Wadi Qelt, about 2 miles northeast of the town Ma'ale Adumim. It is at 367 meters above sea level. It is organized as a community settlement and falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Binyamin Regional Council. In 2016 it had a population of 4,271. Khan al-Ahmar, a Bedouin encampment, is located between Kfar Adumim and Ma'ale Adumim. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this. According to the Palestinian NGO Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem, Kfar Adumim is located on land confiscated from the town of 'Anata.
The Israel Central Bureau of Statistics counts the populations of nearby settlements Alon and Nofei Prat as part of the population of Kfar Adumim.
Kfar Adumim was established in September 1979. Its first settlers were 10 families that had seceded previously from the group which founded Ma'ale Adumim and had been living in Mishor Adumim. The nearby settlements Alon (1 kilometer to the northeast of KA) and Nofei Prat (1 kilometer to the west of KA) were founded in 1990 and 1992, respectively. Municipally they are considered to be boroughs of Kfar Adumim and are receiving various services from it. The tiny settlement Mitzpe Hagit was founded in 1999 on the opposite bank of Wadi Qelt by a family from Alon.
A road was secretly built by the local settlers in 1995. The road joins Anatot to Kfar Adumim, Nofei Prat, and Alon. According to Pinhas Wallerstein, then head of the Mateh Binyamin Regional Council, the road was one of a number of secretly built roads under construction in the area. Wallerstein claimed that as council head, he did not need permission to construct roads, but that he would stop construction if the Israel Defense Forces told him to.
Geography And Surrounding Landscape
Kfar Adumim lies on the southern bank of Wadi Qelt, locally known as Nahal Prat (Prat Brook), about 15 kilometers to the northeast of Jerusalem. It is located in the border region of the Judaean Desert, on a low ridge ranging in height between 200-450 meters above sea level. One of the 3 large springs of Wadi Qelt, Ein Fu'ar, or Ein Ma'bu'a, in Hebrew, is located near Alon. Nahal Michmash, Wadi Qelt's largest tributary, meets with Wadi Qelt about one kilometer to the north of Kfar Adumim. The road linking Jerusalem with the Dead Sea, Highway 1 (Israel), passes to the south of Kfar Adumim, along a route similar to that of the ancient road that used to lead from Jerusalem to Jericho.
Kfar Adumim has a small industrial zone located along the road leading from Highway 1 (Israel) to the settlement. In it are some small businesses, garages, a metalwork shop, a couple of carpentries, a gas station and some light industry.
The Kfar Adumim Association
Kfar Adumim is a Community settlement (Israel). It holds the legal status of a cooperative association for settlement. Most of the local residents are members of the association. The association appoints its members for positions in its institutions via an election process in which all members participate. These institutions include various committees dealing with education, culture, construction etc. The topmost authority of the Kfar Adumim association is its general assembly in which all members participate, and the decisions of which are binding to all members. 
A Mixed Community
The purpose of the settlement's founders was to create a mixed community where religious and secular families could coexist. Already in its early years the settlement had absorbed many Jewish repatriates from different countries, most of whom remained there as permanent residents. An absorption center for new repatriates and for regular applicants who wish to be accepted into the association still operates in Kfar Adumim. It owns 25 mobile homes (caravans) scattered around the settlement. Children of permanent residents may also apply for membership in the association. 
Acceptance of New Members
In order to become members of the Kfar Adumim Association, a family needs to go through a lengthy acceptance process, at the end of which the general assembly votes on their acceptance to the association. Many singles and families rent apartments in Kfar Adumim and live there without being members . 
As stipulated by the ideology of its founders, the children of Kfar Adumim go to a common school - the Experiemental Religious State School of Kfar Adumim. Although this school belongs to the Israeli religious state school system it serves as a mixed school for religious and secular students alike, and is set to accommodate the needs of both. over 700 students attend the schools, from 1st to 12th grade. They come mostly from Kfar Adumim, Alon and Nofei Prat. Most high school students study in the local high school, while some travel to schools in Jerusalem, or in various Yeshivas around Israel.
The education system of Kfar Adumim also includes a nursery, for children over 2-3 months of age, and several kindergartens. The Ein Prat pre-military mechina is situated near Kfar Adumim, a couple hundred yards down the road leading from Kfar Adumim to Alon.
The average per-capita income of the residents of Kfar Adumim is above the national average. Most residents of Kfar Adumim work in Jerusalem while some work in the settlement itself.
The occupations available locally are:
- Education: work at the local school and kindergarten.
- Local Administration and municipal services, including the local pool, post office and the local library.
- Small businesses like the local grocery store, health food store etc.
- Jobs available at the local industrial zone
- Agriculture: the settlement has an olive grove, a plot of Opuntia ficus-indica (its fruit is also known as Barbary Figs), a plant nursery and a horse farm.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- West Bank village under threat Al Jazeera, 22 February 2010
- "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- 'Anata Town Profile Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem. 21 July 2004.
- Bitan, Hanna: 1948–1998: Fifty Years of 'Hityashvut': Atlas of Names of Settlements in Israel, Jerusalem 1999, Carta, p. 41, ISBN 965-220-423-4 (Hebrew)
- "Ma'aleh Adumim - History". Retrieved 2008-10-25.
- Blum Leibowitz, Ruthie (14 May 2007). "One on One: Homeland security". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Adumim, כפר אדומים - Kfar. "אודות כפר אדומים". kfar-adumim.org.il. Retrieved 2017-09-23.
- Adumim, כפר אדומים - Kfar. "כפר אדומים - קליטה". kfar-adumim.org.il (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2017-09-23.
- "Sallai Meridor". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- "Arieh Eldad, National Union". Ynetnews. 26 January 2005. Retrieved 9 September 2012.