|• ISO 259||Kfar Kamaˀ|
|Grid position||191/236 PAL|
|• Type||Local council (from 1950)|
|• Total||8,854 dunams (8.854 km2 or 3.419 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||The village of truffles|
Kfar Kama might be identified with a village Helenoupolis that Constantine established in honor of his mother Helen.
Excavations carried out in 1961 and 1963 revealed 4th century tombs. Two churches dated to the early 6th century, one dedicated to Saint Thecla, were uncovered, with multicolored mosaics of floral, animal and geometric patterns.
In 1596, Kfar Kama appeared in Ottoman tax registers as a village in the Nahiya of Tiberias in the Liwa of Safad. It had a population of 34 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, cotton, and goats or beehives.
In the 1870s, it was described as having "basaltic stone houses, containing about 200 Moslems, situated in plain of arable soil."
The current village was founded in 1878 by 1150 Circassian immigrants from the Adyghe tribe Shapsugs who were exiled from the Caucasus by the Russians to the Ottoman Empire due to the Russian-Circassian War. Initially they made their living by raising animals, but later became farmers. The first school was established about 1880.
British Mandate era
1948, and aftermath
The school in the village teaches in a mixed environment of classes in Circassian, Hebrew, Arabic and English languages.
A Center for Circassian Heritage is situated in the village.
Notable natives and residents
- Bibras Natkho (born February 18, 1988), a Circassian Israeli footballer currently playing for CSKA Moscow and the Israeli national football team.
- Nili Natkho (February 18, 1982 – November 5, 2004), a Circassian Israeli basketball player who played for Maccabi Raanana and Elitzur Ramla.
The Kfar Kama families
Shapsug families that live in Israel Kfar Kama
- Abrag (Adyghe: Абрэгь)
- Ashmuz/Achmuzh (Adyghe: Ачъумыжъ)
- Bghana (Adyghe: Бгъанэ)
- Bat (Adyghe: Бат)
- Blanghaps (Adyghe: БлэнгъэпсI)
- Batwash (Adyghe: БэтIыуашъ)
- Zazi(Adyghe: Зази)
- Kobla (Adyghe: Коблэ)
- Qal (Adyghe: Къалыкъу)
- Qatizh (Adyghe: Къэтыжъ)
- Lauz (Adyghe: ЛъыIужъ)
- Libai/Labai(Adyghe: ЛIыпый)
- Nago (Adyghe: Наго)
- Natkho (Adyghe: Натхъо)
- Nash (Adyghe: Наш)
- Napso (Adyghe: Нэпсэу)
- Thawcho (Adyghe: Тхьэухъо)
- Gorkozh (Adyghe: ГъоркIожъ)
- Hazal (Adyghe: Хъэзэл)
- Hadish (Adyghe: Хьэдищ)
- Hako/Hakho (Adyghe: Хьэхъу)
- Shamsi (Adyghe: Чъуэмшъо)
- Choshha/Shoshha (Adyghe: Чъушъхьэ)
- Showgan (Adyghe: Шэугьэн)
- Shaga (Adyghe: Шъуагьэ)
- Sagas/Shagash (Adyghe: Шъэгьашъ)
In the past there was also Shhalakhwa (Adyghe: Шхьэлахъуэ).
Other families that live in Kfar Kama
- Abzah (Adyghe: Абзах)
- Boshnakh (Adyghe: Бущнакъ)
- Bazdug/Bzhedug (Adyghe: Бжъэдыгъу)
- Hatukai (Adyghe: Хьэтыкъуай)
- Tsai (Adyghe: Цэй)
- Shapsugh (Adyghe: Шапсыгъ).
- Kfar Kama Adyghe dialect
- Circassians in Israel
- Kfar Kama local council
- The World Circassian Heritage Center
- Palmer, 1881, p. 127
- "Population of Localities Numbering above 2,000 Inhabitants and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-12-31.
- Yoram Tsafrir, Leah Di Segni and Judith Green (1994). Tabula Imperii Romani: Judaea, Palaestina. Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. p. 142.
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 727
- Pringle, 1997, p. 117
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 391
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 190
- Karmon, 1960, p. 167.
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 360
- Nirit Reichel (2010). "The role of the educational system in retaining Circassian identity during the transition from Ottoman control to life as Israeli citizens (1878-2000)". Israel Affairs 16: 251–267. doi:10.1080/13537121003643896.
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Tiberias, p. 39
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 72
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 122
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 172
- Yulie Khromchenko (22 March 2005). "מדברים פה בהרבה שפות? נקרא לזה "בית ספר רב לשוני"" [They talk a lot of languages? Called it 'a multilingual school']. Haaretz (in Hebrew). Retrieved 25 August 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kfar Kama.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 1. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Karmon, Y. (1960). "An Analysis of Jacotin's Map of Palestine" (PDF). Israel Exploration Journal 10 (3,4): 155–173; 244–253.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Pringle, Denys (1997). Secular buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: an archaeological Gazetter. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521 46010 7.
- Rhode, Harold (1979). Administration and Population of the Sancak of Safed in the Sixteenth Century. Columbia University.