Kfar Szold

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Kfar Szold
Kfar Szold is located in Israel
Kfar Szold
Kfar Szold
Coordinates: 33°11′43″N 35°39′27″E / 33.19528°N 35.65750°E / 33.19528; 35.65750Coordinates: 33°11′43″N 35°39′27″E / 33.19528°N 35.65750°E / 33.19528; 35.65750
District Northern
Council Upper Galilee
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 13 November 1942
Founded by Central European immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 589


Kfar Szold (Hebrew: כְּפַר סָאלְד‎, lit. Szold Village) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Hula Valley in the Galilee Panhandle, it falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 589.

History[edit]

Kfar Szold was founded in the early 1940s by Jewish immigrants from Hungary, Austria and Germany and was named after Henrietta Szold, who founded Hadassah, the Women's Zionist organization. During World War II, she helped rescue children in the Holocaust and transported them to Mandate Palestine, including places such as Kfar Szold.

Members of Palmach training at Kfar Szold. 1947

On 9 January 1948, about 200 Arabs crossed the Syrian border and attacked the kibbutz in reprisal for the Haganah attack on the nearby Arab village of al-Khisas a few weeks before (Al-Khisas raid). The British Army joined forces with the Jewish defenders, using artillery fire and killing 25 of the attackers.[2]

Prior to the Six-Day War in 1967, Kfar Szold had been a constant target for the Syrian artillery position on the Golan Heights.

On 21 July 2006, Katyusha rockets fired by Hezbollah from Lebanon struck a number of agricultural communities in the Hula Valley, including Kfar Szold. The attacks resulted in a number of injuries.

Economy[edit]

The main agricultural products of the kibbutz are apples, citrus fruits, avocados, corn, watermelons and cattle. Alongside agriculture, the kibbutz operates the metal factory Lordan, specialized in heat- and fluid-conducting instruments.

Like many kibbutzim, Kfar Szold has a guesthouse for travelers. The kibbutz also has a sculpture garden.

Since the kibbutz went a process of privatization, several local businesses and services are provided by members.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ H. Levenberg, Military Preparations of the Arab Community in Palestine, 1945-1948. (Frank Cass, 1992), p184.