Kgalagadi District

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Kgalagadi
District
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park
Location within Botswana
Location within Botswana
Coordinates: 25°00′S 22°00′E / 25.000°S 22.000°E / -25.000; 22.000Coordinates: 25°00′S 22°00′E / 25.000°S 22.000°E / -25.000; 22.000
Country  Botswana
Capital Tsabong
Area
 • Total 105,200 km2 (40,600 sq mi)
Population (2001 census)
 • Total 42,049
 • Density 0.40/km2 (1.0/sq mi)
Time zone Central Africa Time (UTC+2)

Kgalagadi is a district in southwest Botswana, lying along the country's border with Namibia and South Africa. The administrative center is Tsabong. Kgalagadi covers a vast area of the Kalahari Desert. It has a total area of 105,200 km², and has a population of 42,000 (2001). More than one-third of the district is covered by the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, which extends into South Africa, which also remains the major tourist attraction of the place.

As of 2011, the total population of the district was 50,492 compared to 42,049 in 2001. The growth rate of population during the decade was 1.85. The population in the district was 2.49 per cent of the total population in the country. The total number of workers constituted 10,530 with 6,334 males and 4,195 females, with a majority working in transport & communication and public administration. The district is administered by a district administration and district council which are responsible for local administration.

Geography[edit]

Springbok in Kgalagadi

Kgalagadi borders Omaheke Region, Namibia in northwest, Hardap Region, Namibia in southwest, Northern Cape Province, South Africa in south, North West Province, South Africa in southeast and omestically, it borders Ghanzi District in the north, Kweneng District in northeast, Southern District in the east. Kgalagadi means "land of the thirst". The largest settlement in the district is Tsabong, which had a population of 8939 in 2011 census while Hukuntsi and Kang had 4654 and 5985, respectively. The following is the list of villages noted separately in 2011 census in each census region.[1]

Most part of Botswana has tableland slopes sliding from east to west. The region has an average elevation of around 915 m (3,002 ft) above the mean sea level. The vegetation type is Savannah, with tall grasses, bushes and tress. The annual precipitation is around 25 cm (9.8 in), most of which is received during the summer season from November to May. Most of the rivers in the region are seasonal, with Limpopo River, which are prone to flash floods, being the most prominent.[2] The tourist and game reserves in the region are Ghanzi, Central Kalahari Game Reserve, Deception Valley, Ghanzi Craft, Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, Khutse Game Reserve and Kuru Museum and Cultural Centre.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1981 24,059 —    
1991 31,134 +29.4%
2001 42,049 +35.1%
2011 50,492 +20.1%
Sources:[4]

As of 2011, the total population of the district was 50,492 compared to 42,049 in 2001. The growth rate of population during the decade was 1.85. The population in the district was 2.49 per cent of the total population in the country. The sex ratio stood at 101.78 for every 100 males, compared to 101.18 in 2001. The average house hold size was 3.12 in 2011 compared to 4.31 in 2001. There were 1,576 craft and related workers, 628 clerks, 4,039 people working in elementary occupation 256 legislators, administrators and managers 614 Plant & machine operators and assemblers, 266 professionals, 1,278 service workers, shop and market sales workers, 1,309 skilled agricultural and related workers 771 technicians and assocaited professionals, making the total work force to 10,770.[4]

Economy and education[edit]

As of 2011, there were a total of 41 schools in the district, with no private schools. The total number of students in the Council schools was 8,869 while there were none in private schools. The total number of students enrolled in the district was 8,869: 4,211 girls and 4,658 boys. The total number of qualified teachers was 445, 315 female and 130 male. There were around 13 temporary teachers, 10 male and 23 female. There were no untrained teachers in the district.[5]

As of 2006, 3,353 were involved in agriculture, 294 in construction, 774 in education, 86 in electricity and water, 32 in finance, 344 in health, 375 in hotels and restaurants, 413 in manufacturing, 91 in other community services, 842 in private households, 1,880 in public administration, 195 in real estate, 65 in transport and communications, 1,786 in wholesale and retail trade. The total number of workers was 10,530: 6,334 male and 4,195 female.[6]

Administration[edit]

Botswana gained independence from the British in 1966 and adapted the colonial administration framework to form its district administration. The policies were modified during 1970-74 to address some of the basic issues.[7] The district is administered by a district administration and district council which are responsible for local administration. The policies for the administration are framed by the Ministry of Local Government. The major activities of the council are Tribal Administration, Remote Area Development and Local Governance. The executive powers of the council are vested on a commissioner appointed by the central government. Technical services wing of the Department of Local Government is responsible for developing roads, infrastructure in villages like water supply, schools and recreational facilities.[8] All the staff of the local administration expect District Administration are selected via Unified Local Government Services (ULGS) and the Ministry of Local Government is responsible for their training, deployment and career development.[9] The sub-districts of Kgalagadi District created as a part of National Development Park of the district are Hukuntsi and Tsabong.[10]

Kgalagadi South has the following villages: Bogogobo, Bokspits, Bray, Gachibana, Khisa, Khuis, Khwawa, Kokotsha, Kolonkwane, Makopong, Maleshe, Maralaleng, Maubelo, Middlepits, Omaweneno, Phepheng (Draaihoek), Rapples Pan, Struizendam, Tsabong, Vaalhoek, Werda.[11] Kgalagadi North has the following villages: Hukuntsi, Hunhukwe, Inalegolo, Kang, Lehututu, Lokgwabe, Make, Monong, Ncaang, Ngwatle, Phuduhudu, Tshane, Ukwi, Zutswa.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Botswana Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Retrieved 13 November 2016. 
  2. ^ Singh (2011). Geography. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. 12.53. ISBN 978-0-07-107480-3. 
  3. ^ "Tourist attractions in Botswana". Government of Botswana. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Census of Botswana, 2011". Central Statistics Office of Botswana. 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "Education details of Botswana, 2011". Central Statistics Office of Botswana. 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Labour Force by industry in Botswana, 20006". Central Statistics Office of Botswana. 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  7. ^ Picard, Louis A. "Rural Development in Botswana: Administrative Structures and Public Policy". The Journal of Developing Areas. Louis A. Picard. 13 (3). Retrieved 12 November 2016 – via JSTOR. (subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ "Regional and Local government in Botswana". Common Wealth of Nations. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  9. ^ UN-HABITAT (2002). Local Democracy and Decentralization in East and Southern Africa: Experiences from Uganda, Kenya, Botswana, Tanzania, and Ethiopia. p. 57. ISBN 9789211316667. 
  10. ^ Gaotlhobogwe, Monkagedi. "Botswana broken into 19 new sub-districts". MMegi Online. Retrieved 11 November 2016. 
  11. ^ Kgalagadi subdistrict population (PDF) (Report). Statistics Botswana. 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2016. 
  12. ^ Kgalagai North population (PDF) (Report). Census Office. 20 September 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2016.