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Kh-90 GELA
(NATO reporting name: AS-X-21)
Type Air-to-surface missile
Place of origin Russia
Production history
Manufacturer NPO Mashinostroyeniya , MKB Raduga , Turaevo TMKB Soyuz , TsAGI
Weight 15 Ton
Length 8 - 9 m or 10 11 12 m
Diameter 0,9 m (0,8 within ± 1,2 m)
Warhead various HE FAE TBX , two TNW each 200 kt
Warhead weight 200 Kg to < 1,6 Ton HE , 200 Kg < 1,82 Ton TNW

Engine booster + Ramjet Raduga TMKB Soyuz (or Scramjet ?) TsAGI
Wingspan 6 - 8 (7,2 m)
Propellant solid propellant booster , liquid ramjet (or scramjet) , kerosene
3000-3500[1] Km
Speed 4 - 5 - 6 Mach (can be reach < 10-15 Mach)
inertial, TERCOM , GLONASS , Radar , IR IIR , TV camera , Opto-Electronic , CCD
Aircraft , can be loaded on ship ground TEL , maybe submarine

The Kh-90 GELA ГЭЛА (гиперзвуковой экспериментальный летательный аппарат) AS-X-21 was a Soviet Russian Air to Surface cruise missile which was supposed to replace subsonic intermediate range missiles in Soviet inventory. The missile was an ambitious project, as the main objective was to develop it into hypersonic missile.

The missile was designed by Chelomei at NPO Mashinostrenniye and designated as the AS-X-21 . It was equipped with a 1 Mt thermonuclear warhead and used inertial navigation with mid-course update via data link.

Manufacturer: Chelomei. Maximum range: 3,000 km (1,900 mi).[2]

After Kh-80, and Kholod, it became the next one in the beginning of 1980 Kh-90.[3][4][5]

AS-Х-21 Koala[edit]

Completely successful test was run in the eighties[6]. The carrier of the Tu-160M, a new successful test in 2004, the adoption of the armament expected in 2010.[7] The project is associated with the success of the project 4202, in the tenth years[8]. Mach 9 maneuvering warhead ICBM[9], up to Mach 15.[10]


External links[edit]