Kh (tramcar)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kh tram in Electric city transport museum of Nizhny Novgorod.jpg
Museum Kh tramcar in Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia
ManufacturerSoviet Union UKVZ
Number builtmore than 2000
Capacity24 or 16 seats
Train length10,270 mm (33 ft 8 in)
Width2,464 mm (8 ft 1.0 in)
Height3,274 mm (10 ft 8.9 in)
Maximum speed40
Track gauge1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in), 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in), 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Kh in Barnaul.

Kh (Russian: Х) was the class of double axled high-floor tramcars, which were built in Soviet Union in interbellum period. First vehicles were built in 1927 and delivered to Kharkov, Ukraine. First letter of city name, Cyrillic Х (usually transliterated as Kh), was selected as a designation of whole series. After Kharkiv, tramcars of this type were supplied to many Soviet cities and became most numerous in the fleets of many municipalities. In 1941, after the onset of Operation Barbarossa, their production was stopped for maximizing war efforts. The Kh-class tramcars were finally withdrawn from the city service in the mid-1960s as they had become operationally obsolete; their sturdy construction would have allowed them to be used much longer, but tram systems preferred more modern, better riding, newer trams. A small number of surviving cars are preserved for museum purposes in Moscow, Nizhniy Novgorod, Saratov and a few other cities.