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Viceroy of Kush
Predecessor Mernudjem
Successor Messuy
Dynasty 19th Dynasty
Pharaoh Merneptah
Dynasty 19th Dynasty
Pharaoh Amenmesse

Khaemtir (also written as Khaemtjitry) was a Viceroy of Kush and Vizier of Ancient Egypt. He served during the reign of Amenmesse and Sethi II.[1][2]

Viceroy of Kush under Merenptah[edit]

Monuments attesting to Khaemtir's service as Viceroy mostly stem from Buhen, a Nubian fortress located at the Second Cataract.[2] The monuments of viceroy Khaemtjitry all seem to show damage to his name.[2]

Vizier under Amenmesse[edit]

Vizier Khaemtjitry is shown on a block from a shrine in Deir el-Medina. The name of Khaemtjitry has been plastered over and replaced by that of the Vizier Parahotep. The scene is now in the Oriental Institute in Chicago (OI 10816) [2]

Identification of the Vizier and the Viceroy[edit]

The identification of the Vizier and the Viceroy as being the same man is not certain, but likely. There are different scenarios regarding the order in which the men held office. Dodson outlines a series of events where Viceroy Messuy steps down (or is forced out) and is replaced by Khaemtjitry at the very end of Merenptahs' reign. Once Messuy takes power as Amenmesse, he elevated Khaemtjitry to the position of Vizier.[3]

Krauss for instance points out there is no evidence to support the theory that the Viceroy Khaemteri, whom he dates to the reign of Merenptah, and the Vizier Khaemteri from the reign of Amenmesse are one and the same person.[4]


  1. ^ K.A. Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions: Merenptah & the late Nineteenth Dynasty, Wiley-Blackwell, 2003
  2. ^ a b c d Dodson, Poisoned Legacy: The Fall of the Nineteenth Egyptian Dynasty, American University in Cairo Press, 2010
  3. ^ Aidan Dodson, Messuy, Amada, and Amenmesse, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 34 (1997), pp. 41-48, Stable URL:
  4. ^ Rolf Krauss, Untersuchungen zu König Amenmesse: Nachträge, Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur, Bd. 24 (1997), pp. 161-184, Stable URL: