Khaibar-1

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For other uses, see Khaybar (disambiguation).
Remains of a Khaibar-1 rocket found in Afula

The Khaibar-1 (Arabic: خيبر-1‎‎) is a Syrian-made 302 mm [1] artillery rocket used by Hezbollah against targets in northern Israel. The name of the rocket was first revealed on July 28, 2006 by Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah in a speech on Al-Manar television station.

The Khaibar-1 is significant because the rocket has a 100 km range,[2][3] longer than most of the Katyusha-type rockets in the Hezbollah rocket force. The rocket was first fired at the Israeli city of Afula, east of Haifa. In early August 2006, Khaibar-1 rockets were reported to hit Beit Shean, about 70 km south of the Lebanese border,[4] Hadera,[5] and Haifa, Israel's third-largest city.[6] The expression 'Hai-bar' in Hebrew, which is pronounced in a similar way as Khaibar, means a breeding ground for animals.[7] This resulted in many Israelis reacting to the name of the rocket with humor.

Origin of the name[edit]

Khaibar, also spelled Khaybar, is an oasis approximately 95 miles east of Medina, which was once the largest Jewish settlement in Arabia. The name was chosen as a reminder of the Battle of Khaybar, a battle that took place in 629 between Muhammed and his followers against the Jewish people who inhabited the settlement.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hezbollah's Rocket Blitz - by David Eshel". Defense Update. 2006-10-29. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  2. ^ "Police: Missile fired at Hadera - Israel News, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  3. ^ "'Hezbollah has long-range surface-to-air missiles'". Jpost.com. 2012-01-19. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  4. ^ "JPost | French-language news from Israel, the Middle East & the Jewish World". Fr.jpost.com. 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  5. ^ "For first time: Hizbullah targets Hadera area - Israel News, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  6. ^ "Record number of rockets hit north; 80 hurt - Israel News, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  7. ^ "Hai Bar Wildlife Preserve - Yotvata - Negev and Arava Travel Information". Trekker.co.il. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  8. ^ "Hamas firing long-range M-302 rockets at Israel, capable of 150-km distance". Haaretz. Retrieved 2014-07-09.