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Head of a Kushan prince (Khalchayan palace, Uzbekistan).

Khalchayan (also Khaltchaïan) is an archaeological site, thought to be a small palace or a reception hall, located near the modern town of Denov in Surxondaryo Region of southern Uzbekistan. It is located in the valley of the Surkhan Darya, a northern tributary of the Oxus (modern Amu Darya).

The site is usually attributed to the early Kushans, or their ancestors the Yuezhi/Tocharians. It was excavated by Galina Pugachenkova between 1959 and 1963. The interior walls are decorated with clay sculptures and paintings dated to the mid-1st century BCE. Various panels depict scenes of Kushan life: battles, feasts, portraits of rulers.


  • "Les Saces", Iaroslav Lebedynsky

Further reading[edit]

  • G. A. Pugachenkova. "The Sculpture of Khalchayan". Moscow, 1970.
  • G. A. Pugachenkova. "Khalchayan". Tashkent, 1966.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°17′37″N 67°58′44″E / 38.29361°N 67.97889°E / 38.29361; 67.97889