Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa

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Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
خليفة بن سلمان آل خليفة
Khalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa (cropped).jpg
1st Prime Minister of Bahrain
In office
10 January 1970 – 11 November 2020
MonarchIsa bin Salman Al Khalifa
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded bySalman bin Hamad Al Khalifa
Personal details
Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa

(1935-11-20)20 November 1935
Jasra, Bahrain
Died11 November 2020(2020-11-11) (aged 84)
Rochester, Minnesota, U.S.
Spouse(s)Hessa bint Ali Al Khalifa
ParentsSalman bin Hamad Al Khalifa I
Mouza bint Hamad Al Khalifa

Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa (Arabic: خليفة بن سلمان آل خليفة‎) (20 November 1935 – 11 November 2020)[1][2] was a Bahraini royal and politician who had served as the Prime Minister of Bahrain from 10 January 1970 until his death on 11 November 2020, having taken office over a year before Bahrain's independence on 15 August 1971.[3]

He was the longest-serving Prime Minister of any government in the world. Under the 2002 Constitution he lost some of his powers, with the King now having the authority to appoint and (along with the Bahraini parliament) dismiss ministers.

He was also the paternal uncle of the reigning King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa and grand-uncle of the Crown Prince Salman, since he was the younger brother of the previous Emir Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa.

Early life and education[edit]

Prince Khalifa was born on 24 November 1935, the second son of Salman ibn Hamad Al Khalifa, Hakim of Bahrain, and his wife Mouza bint Hamad Al Khalifa.[4][5] He was educated at Manama High School and the Rifa’a Palace School in Bahrain.


Prince Khalifa was a member of the education council from 1956 to 1958 and chair between 1958 and 1961. Next he became the director of the finance department (1961–1966), president of the electricity board (1961), chair of the Manama municipal council (1962–1967), head of the Bahrain monetary council (1964), chair of the joint committee for economic and financial studies, committee member for the register of commerce, then chairman of the administrative affairs council (1967–1969), became board member of the Bahrain monetary agency and then chairperson of the State Council (1972–1974), head of the State Council (1972), and head of the supreme defence council (1977).

Prince Khalifa was appointed as prime minister by his brother Emir Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, in 1971. Therefore, he was assigned the control of government and economy, while his brother, the Emir, was involved in diplomatic and ceremonial affairs.[6] Prince Khalifa received a World Peace Culture Award on 6 August 2017.

Prince Khalifa is the founder of the Housing Ministry, and he reformed the Central Bank of Bahrain.[5] During his premiership he was the head of the Oil and Economic Policy Council.[5]


In 2011, reporter Bill Law stated that Prince Khalifa was a hardliner, whereas Crown Prince Salman, his grandnephew who is also deputy prime minister, was a reformer and the King was somewhere in the middle of the two.[7]

Marriage and children[edit]

Prince Khalifa married his cousin Hessa bint Ali Al Khalifa,[8] the fourth daughter of Ali bin Hamad Al Khalifa[citation needed] in Muharraq. They had three sons and one daughter:

  • Mohammad bin Khalifa Al Khalifa (-1974).
  • Ali bin Khalifa Al Khalifa – Deputy Prime Minister. He married Zayn bint Khalid Al Khalifa with whom he has three sons and one daughter:
    • Khalifa bin Ali Al Khalifa
    • Isa bin Ali Al Khalifa
    • Minwa bint Ali Al Khalifa
    • Khalid bin Ali Al Khalifa
  • Salman bin Khalifa Al Khalifa
  • Lulwa bint Khalifa Al Khalifa – honorary president of the Al Noor beneficence society. She married Rashid bin Khalifa Al Khalifa (1952-), artist and patron of the arts. They have three sons and three daughters.
    • Noor bint Rashid Al Khalifa
    • Khalifa bin Rashid Al Khalifa
    • Hassa bint Rashid Al Khalifa
    • Abdulla bin Rashid Al Khalifa
    • Aysha bint Rashid Al Khalifa


Shaikh Khalifa experienced various health problems. In September 2019 he went to Germany for treatment, and returned to Bahrain in March 2020.[5] He headed the cabinet last time in July 2020 and went to the US for treatment in August 2020.[5]

Shaikh Khalifa died at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota on 11 November 2020 at the age of 84, 9 days before his 85th birthday.[9] Serving 50 years and 11 months in office he was the world's longest serving prime minister in history at the time of his death.

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Styles of
Khalifa bin Salman
Emblem of Bahrain.svg
Reference styleHis Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Royal Highness

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 20 November 1935 – 20 February 1942: Sheikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
  • 20 February 1942 – 21 October 2009: His Excellency Sheikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
  • 21 October 2009 – 11 November 2020: His Royal Highness Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa

Prince Khalifa was raised to the personal title of Prince with the style of "His Royal Highness" on 21 October 2009.



  •  Bahrain:
    • Wisam al-Khalifa 1st class.gif Member 1st Class of the Order of Khalifa (19 October 1976)
    • Order of the Golden Fleece Rib.gif Collar of the Order of Khalifa (19 December 1979)
    • Order of Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa.gif Member Exceptional Class of the Order of Shaikh 'Isa bin Salman al-Khalifa (21 October 2009)
    • The Khalifiyyeh Order of Bahrain, 1st class.png Member 1st Class of the King Hamad Order of the Renaissance (13 December 2009)


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Bahrain's long-serving PM Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa dies". Al Jazeera.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 November 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ [CIA World Factbook, 1999]
  4. ^ "H.R.H. the Prime Minister". Kingdom of Bahrain Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e Hudhaifa Ebrahim (11 November 2020). "Bahraini PM Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa Dead at 84". The Media Line. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  6. ^ Steven Wright (2008). "Fixing the Kingdom: Political Evolution and Socio-Economic Challenges in Bahrain" (PDF). CIRS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 July 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  7. ^ Bill Law (16 March 2011). "Splits inside Bahrain's ruling al-Khalifah family". BBC. Archived from the original on 11 June 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  8. ^ Gambrell, Jon. "Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa, Bahrain prime minister with checkered record, dies at 84". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Bahrain's longest serving prime minister, Prince Khalifa Al Khalifa, dies at 84". CNN. 11 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 2001" (PDF).
  11. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2015.

External links[edit]

Political offices
New office Prime Minister of Bahrain
Succeeded by
Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa