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Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

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Khalifa Al Nahyan
The President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil with the President of UAE, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan at the Ceremonial Reception, at Mushrif Palace, in Abu Dhabi on November 22, 2010 (cropped).jpg
Khalifa Al Nahyan in 2010
2nd President of the United Arab Emirates
Assumed office
3 November 2004
Prime MinisterMaktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Preceded byZayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Ruler of Abu Dhabi
Reign
2 November 2004
Preceded byZayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Personal details
Born
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

(1948-09-07) 7 September 1948 (age 73)
Al Ain, Trucial States
(now United Arab Emirates)
Spouse(s)Shamsa bint Suhail Al Mazrouei[1]
Children8, including Sultan and Mohammed
MotherHassa bint Mohammed Al Nahyan
FatherZayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (Arabic:  خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان‎‎; born 7 September 1948 in Al Ain; referred to as  Sheikh Khalifa) is the  president of the United Arab Emirates, the  ruler of Abu Dhabi, the supreme commander of the  United Arab Emirates Armed Forces  and the chairman of the  Supreme Petroleum Council.[2]

As the first son of Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, Khalifa succeeded his father as Emir of Abu Dhabi on 2 November 2004 and became the President of the UAE the next day. As  Crown Prince, he had already  de facto  carried out some aspects of the presidency since the late 1990s while his father was facing health problems.[3]

He is deemed one of the richest monarchs in the world.[4] He controls 97.8 billion barrels of reserves[4] and is chairman of  the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority,[5] which manages $875 billion in assets, the largest amount managed by a nation's head of state in the world.[6]  Collectively, the Al Nahyan family is believed to hold a fortune of $150 billion.[7]

In January 2014, Khalifa suffered a stroke but was in a stable condition.[8] He has since assumed a lower profile in state affairs, but retained ceremonial presidential powers. His half-brother Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan  now carries out public affairs of the state and day-to-day decision-making of the  Emirate of Abu Dhabi.[9]

On 4 January 2010, the world's tallest man-made structure, originally known as Burj Dubai, was renamed the Burj Khalifa in his honor, after Abu Dhabi gave Dubai a monetary aid of $10bn to help pay off debts.[10]

In 2018, Forbes named Khalifa among the world’s most powerful people.[11]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Khalifa was born on 7 September 1948 at Qasr Al-Muwaiji, Al Ain, in Abu Dhabi (then part of the Trucial States), the eldest son of Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan.[12][13]

1966–1971[edit]

When his father, Zayed, became Emir of Abu Dhabi in 1966, Khalifa was appointed the Ruler's Representative (the mayor) in the Eastern Region of Abu Dhabi and Head of the Courts Department in Al Ain. Zayed was the Ruler's Representative in the Eastern Region before he became the Emir of Abu Dhabi. A few months later the position was handed to Tahnoun bin Mohammed Al Nahyan.[14]

On 1 February 1969, Khalifa was nominated the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, and on the next day he was appointed Head of the Abu Dhabi Department of Defense. In that post, he oversaw the build up of the Abu Dhabi Defense Force, which after 1971 became the core of the UAE Armed Forces.[3]

Independence in 1971[edit]

Following the establishment of the UAE in 1971, Khalifa assumed several positions in Abu Dhabi: Prime Minister, head of the Abu Dhabi Cabinet (under his father), Minister of Defense, and Minister of Finance. After the reconstruction of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates, the Abu Dhabi Cabinet was replaced by the Abu Dhabi Executive Council, and Khalifa became the 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (23 December 1973) and the Chairman of the Executive Council of Abu Dhabi (20 January 1974), under his father.

In May 1976, he became deputy commander of the UAE Armed Forces, under the President. He also became the head of the Supreme Petroleum Council in the late 1980s, and continues in this position today, which grants him wide powers in energy matters. He was also the chairman of the Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency.

Education[edit]

He is a graduate of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.[15]

Family[edit]

Khalifa is the eldest son of  Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and  Hassa bint Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan.[16]

He is married to Shamsa bint Suhail Al Mazrouei,[17] and he has eight children: Sultan, Mohammed, Shamma, Salama, Osha, Sheikha, Lateefa and Mouza.[18][19][20]

Presidency (2004–present)[edit]

Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan with President of Russia Vladimir Putin on 10 September 2007.

He succeeded to the posts of Emir of Abu Dhabi and President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 3 November 2004, replacing his father Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who had died the day before. He had been acting president since his father became ill prior to his passing.[3]

On 1 December 2005, the President announced that half of the members of the Federal National Council (FNC), an assembly that advises the president, would be indirectly elected. However, half of the council's members would still need to be appointed by the leaders of the emirates. The elections were set to take place in December 2006.

In 2009, Khalifa was re-elected as President for a second five-year term. [21]

Wikileaks  [edit]

Khalifa and U.S. President George W. Bush at Abu Dhabi International Airport, 13 January 2008

In 2010, Khalifa was described in a  WikiLeaks cable  signed by then  U.S. ambassadorRichard G. Olson  as a "distant and uncharismatic personage."[22]  The cable said that Khalifa had risked his reputation and the UAE’s future since 1990, when he described the United States as willing to shed blood to maintain international order and stability in the Gulf.

In March 2011, Khalifa sent the United Arab Emirates Air Force to support the military intervention in Libya against Muammar Gaddafi, alongside forces from NATO, Qatar, Sweden and Jordan.[23][24]

Khalifa pledged the full support of the UAE to the Bahraini regime in the face of pro-democracy uprising in 2011.[25]

Later that year Khalifa was ranked as the world's fourth-wealthiest monarch, with a fortune estimated to be worth $15 billion.[26] In 2013, he commissioned Azzam, the longest motor yacht ever built at 590 ft (180 m) long, with costs between $400–600 million.[27][28]

In fall 2011, the Emirates initiated a program to promote "allegiance" to Khalifa and other Emirati leaders.[29] The program continues, and encourages not only Emirati nationals, but residents from any nationality to register their "appreciation, recognition, and loyalty" to the Emirs.[30]

In January 2014, Khalifa suffered a stroke and was reported to have been in a stable condition after undergoing an operation.[31]

Investments and foreign aid[edit]

Seychellois government records show that since 1995 Sheikh Khalifa has spent $2 million buying up more than 66 acres of land on the Seychelles' main island of Mahé, where his palace is being built.[32] The Seychelles' government has received large aid packages from the UAE, most notably a $130 million injection that was used in social service and military aid, which funded patrol boats for the Seychelles' antipiracy efforts. In 2008, the UAE came to the indebted Seychelles government's aid, with a $30 million injection.[32]

Sheikh Khalifa paid $500,000 for the 29.8-acre site of his palace in 2005, according to the sales document. A Seychelles planning authority initially rejected the palace's building plans, a decision overturned by President James Michel's cabinet.[32] A month after the start of construction of the palace, the national utility company warned that the site's plans posed threats to the water supply. Joel Morgan, the Seychelles' minister of the environment, said the government did not tender the land because it wanted it to go to Sheikh Khalifa. Morgan said "the letter of the law" might not have been followed in the land sale.[32] In February 2010, the sewage system set up by Ascon, the company building the palace, for the site's construction workers overflowed, sending rivers of waste through the region, which are home to more than 8000 residents.[32] Local government agencies and officials from Khalifa's office responded quickly to the problem, sending in technical experts and engineers. Government officials concluded that Ascon ignored health and building codes for their workers, and fined the company $81,000. Ascon blamed the incident on "unpredicted weather conditions".[32] Khalifa's presidential office offered to pay $15 million to replace the water-piping system for the mountainside, and Seychelles' government representatives and residents say Ascon has offered to pay roughly $8,000 to each of the 360 households that were affected by the pollution.[32]

In April 2016, Sheikh Khalifa was named in the Panama Papers by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists;[33] he reportedly owns luxury properties in London worth more than $1.7 billion via shell companies that Mossack Fonseca set up and administers for him in the British Virgin Islands.[34]

Honours[edit]

Styles of
President of the United Arab Emirates
Emblem of Abu Dhabi.svg
Reference styleHis Highness
Spoken styleYour Highness
Alternative styleRa'is

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Memories of Abu Dhabi and Al Ain in the Early Nineteen-Sixties" (PDF). National Archives. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  2. ^ "Sheikh Khalifa ibn Zayed Al Nahyan | Biography, Family, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "H. H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan". United Arab Emirates. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Khalifa bin Zayed Al-Nahyan". Forbes. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Board of Directors". ADIA. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Asset-backed insecurity". The Economist. 17 January 2008. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  7. ^ "The Gulf's Newest Billionaire". Forbes. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Sheikh Khalifa's condition stable as he recovers from stroke". The National. Abu Dhabi. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  9. ^ "UAE president stable after suffering stroke". Financial Times. 26 January 2014.
  10. ^ "World's tallest building opens in Dubai". BBC News. 4 January 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  11. ^ "The World's Most Powerful People". Forbes. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Sheikha Hessa, mother of Sheikh Khalifa, dies". The National. United Arab Emirates. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  13. ^ "The UAE President". Crown Prince Court. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  14. ^ "Entrepreneur - Start, run and grow your business". Entrepreneur.
  15. ^ "Things You Didn't Know About Khalifa bin Zayed". UAE-Voice. 21 May 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  16. ^ "UAE: Death of Sheikha Hassa Bint Mohammed marks end of MBK era | Cross-border Information". www.crossborderinformation.com. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Family". Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  18. ^ "Home". Sheikha Shamma bint Sultan bin Khalifa Al Nahyan. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  19. ^ "H. H. Sheikh Sultan Bin Khalifa Al Nahyan Humanitarian & Science Foundation". www.sbkf.ae. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  20. ^ RoyalReporter.com. "United Arab Emirates – Royal Reporter". Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  21. ^ "Sheikh Khalifa re-elected UAE president". Hindustan Times. 3 November 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  22. ^ Coker, Margaret (29 November 2010). "Leaked Papers Show Arab Leaders Critical of Iran, Neighbors". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  23. ^ "UAE updates support to UN Resolution 1973". WAM. 25 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016.
  24. ^ "Libya Live Blog – March 24". Al Jazeera. 24 March 2011. Archived from the original on 24 March 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
  25. ^ "Khalifa stresses UAE support to Bahrain". Khaleej Times. 3 March 2011.
  26. ^ "The World's Richest Royals". Forbes. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011.
  27. ^ "Emirati royals knock Abramovich off top of yacht league". CNBC. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  28. ^ Daniel Fisher (5 April 2012). "German Shipyard Launches World's Largest Private Yacht At 591 Feet". Forbes. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  29. ^ "Want to pledge allegiance to the president of the UAE? With this website, you can! The Next Web". 8 November 2011.
  30. ^ "About Our Allegiance and Belonging". ourallegiancetokhalifa.com. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  31. ^ "Sheikh Khalifa's condition stable as he recovers from stroke". The National. Abu Dhabi. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g Margaret, Coker (9 September 2010). "Sheikh Abode a Sore Point in Seychelles". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  33. ^ "Panama Papers: The Power Players". International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  34. ^ Adam Lusher (5 April 2016). "Panama Papers: 12 world leaders linked to offshore dealings – and the full allegations against them". The Independent.
  35. ^ "REAL DECRETO 890/200" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  36. ^ "Khalifa, Queen Elizabeth II exchange orders". Gulf News. 26 November 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  37. ^ "Khalifa welcomes HM Queen Beatrix of Netherlands". Khaleej Times. 8 January 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  38. ^ "Korean leader hails UAE achievements". Khaleej Times. 22 November 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2021.

External links[edit]

Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
Born: 25 January 1948
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Emir of Abu Dhabi
2004–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates
2004–present
Incumbent