Khalil Gibran, April 1913
|Born||Jubran Khalil Jubran|
January 6, 1883
Bsharri, Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate, Ottoman Syria
|Died||April 10, 1931 (aged 48)|
New York City, United States
|Resting place||Bsharri, Lebanon|
|Occupation||Writer, poet, visual artist, philosopher|
|Nationality||Lebanese and American|
|Genre||Poetry, parable, fragments of conversation, short story, fable, political essay, letter, aphorism|
|Notable works||The Prophet, The Madman, Broken Wings|
Gibran Khalil Gibran (//; Arabic: جبران خليل جبران / ALA-LC: Jubrān Khalīl Jubrān or Jibrān Khalīl Jibrān), commonly known as Khalil—also "Kahlil", as he used to sign his name in English[a]—Gibran (January 6, 1883 – April 10, 1931) was a Lebanese-American writer, poet and visual artist, also considered a philosopher although he himself rejected this title in his lifetime. He is best known as the author of The Prophet, which was first published in the United States in 1923 and is one of the best-selling books of all time.
Born in a village of the Ottoman-ruled Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate to a Maronite Christian family, the young Gibran immigrated with his mother and siblings to the United States in 1895. As his mother worked as a seamstress, he was enrolled at a school in Boston, where his creative abilities were quickly noticed by a teacher who presented him to Fred Holland Day. Gibran was sent back to his native land by his family at the age of fifteen to enroll at Al-Hikmah school in Beirut. Returning to Boston upon his youngest sister's death in 1902, he lost his older half-brother and his mother the following year, seemingly relying afterwards on his remaining sister's income from her work at a dressmaker's shop for some time.
In 1904, drawings of Gibran were displayed for the first time at Day's studio in Boston, and his first book in Arabic was published in 1905 in New York City. With the financial help of a newly-met benefactress, Mary Haskell, Gibran studied art in Paris from 1908 to 1910. While there, he got involved in secret circles promoting rebellion in the Ottoman Empire after the Young Turk Revolution; his books were eventually banned by the Ottoman authorities. In 1911, Gibran settled in New York, where he would start writing The Prophet in 1915, and where his first book in English, The Madman, would be published by Alfred A. Knopf in 1918. His visual artwork was shown at Montross Gallery in 1914, and at the galleries of M. Knoedler & Co. in 1917. He had also been corresponding remarkably with May Ziade since 1912. In 1920, Gibran founded The Pen League with fellow Mahjari poets. By the time of his death at the age of 48 from cirrhosis and incipient tuberculosis in one lung, he had achieved literary fame on "both sides of the Atlantic Ocean", and The Prophet had already been translated in German and in French. His body was transferred to his birth village of Bsharri (in present-day Lebanon), to which he had bequeathed all future royalties on his books, and where a museum dedicated to his works now stands.
As worded by Suheil Bushrui and Joe Jenkins, Gibran's life has been described as one "often caught between Nitzschean rebellion, Blakean pantheism and Sufi mysticism." Gibran discussed "such themes as religion, justice, free will, science, love, happiness, the soul, the body, and death" in his writings, which were "characterized by innovation breaking with forms of the past, by symbolism, an undying love for his native land, and a sentimental, melancholic yet often oratorical style." He explored literary forms as diverse as "poetry, parables, fragments of conversation, short stories, fables, political essays, letters, and aphorisms." Salma Jayyusi has called him "the single most important influence on Arabic poetry and literature during the first half of [the twentieth] century." At the same time, "most of Gibran's paintings expressed his personal vision, incorporating spiritual and mythological symbolism", with art critic Alice Raphael recognizing in the painter a classicist, whose work owed "more to the findings of Da Vinci than it [did] to any modern insurgent." His "prodigious body of work" has been described as "an artistic legacy to people of all nations."
Gibran was born in the town of Bsharri in the Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate, Ottoman Empire (modern-day Lebanon), to Khalil Gibran and Kamila Gibran (Rahmeh). As a pre-teen Gibran immigrated with his family to the United States, where he studied art and began his literary career, writing in both English and Arabic.
Soon after his arrival to Boston, the young boy was enrolled at the Josiah Quincy School which was situated at 88 Tyler Street and that he attended from 30 September 1895 until 22 September 1898. It was during this period his English teacher called him by his father’s name – “Kahlil” – anglicising the spelling from 'Khalil to Kahlil'. She also found it odd that his first name is the same as his surname.» His father’s name was Khalil Saad Jubran (Khalīl Sa‘d Jubrān), and this probably explains why the records of the Quincy School reported the student’s name as «Kahlil Gibran Jr. alias Assad»
In the Arab world, Gibran is regarded as a literary and political rebel. His romantic style was at the heart of a renaissance in modern Arabic literature, especially prose poetry, breaking away from the classical school. In Lebanon, he is still celebrated as a literary hero.
A member of the New York Pen League, he is chiefly known in the English-speaking world for his 1923 book The Prophet, an early example of inspirational fiction including a series of philosophical essays written in poetic English prose. The book sold well despite a cool critical reception, gaining popularity in the 1930s and again especially in the 1960s counterculture.
Gibran is the third-best-selling poet of all time, behind Shakespeare and Laozi. The Prophet has been translated into as many as 110 languages  His mother, Kamila, daughter of a priest, was thirty when he was born; his father, Khalil, was her third husband. As a result of his family's poverty, Gibran received no formal schooling during his youth in Lebanon. However, priests visited him regularly and taught him about the Bible and the Arabic language.
Gibran's father initially worked in an apothecary, but with gambling debts he was unable to pay, he went to work for a local Ottoman-appointed administrator. Around 1891, extensive complaints by angry subjects led to the administrator being removed and his staff being investigated. Gibran's father was imprisoned for embezzlement, and his family's property was confiscated by the authorities. Kamila Gibran decided to follow her brother to the United States. Although Gibran's father was released in 1894, Kamila remained resolved and left for New York on June 25, 1895, taking Kahlil, his younger sisters Mariana and Sultana, and his elder half-brother Peter (in Arabic, Butrus).
The Gibrans settled in Boston's South End, at the time the second-largest Syrian-Lebanese-American community in the United States. Due to a mistake at school, he was registered as 'Kahlil Gibran'. His mother began working as a seamstress peddler, selling lace and linens that she carried from door to door. Gibran started school on September 30, 1895. School officials placed him in a special class for immigrants to learn English. Gibran also enrolled in an art school at Denison House, a nearby settlement house. Through his teachers there, he was introduced to the avant-garde Boston artist, photographer, and publisher Fred Holland Day, who encouraged and supported Gibran in his creative endeavors. A publisher used some of Gibran's drawings for book covers in 1898.
Gibran's mother, along with his elder brother Peter, wanted him to absorb more of his own heritage rather than just the Western aesthetic culture he was attracted to. Thus, at the age of 15, Gibran returned to his homeland to study at a Maronite-run preparatory school and higher-education institute in Beirut, called "al-Hikma" (The Wisdom). He started a student literary magazine with a classmate and was elected 'college poet'. He stayed there for several years before returning to Boston in 1902, coming through Ellis Island (a second time) on May 10. Two weeks before he returned to Boston, his sister Sultana died of tuberculosis at fourteen years old. The year after, Peter died of the same disease and his mother died of cancer. His sister Mariana supported Gibran and herself by working at a dressmaker's shop.
Debuts, growing fame, and personal life
Gibran was an accomplished visual artist, especially in drawing and watercolor, having attended the Académie Julian art school in Paris from 1908 to 1910, pursuing a symbolist and romantic style over the then up-and-coming realism. Gibran held his first art exhibition of his drawings in 1904 in Boston at Day's studio. During this exhibition, Gibran met Elizabeth Haskell, a respected headmistress ten years his senior. The two formed an important friendship that lasted the rest of Gibran's life. Haskell spent large sums of money to support Gibran and edited all his English writings.
The nature of their romantic relationship remains obscure; while some biographers assert the two were lovers but never married because Haskell's family objected, other evidence suggests that their relationship never was physically consummated. Gibran and Haskell were engaged briefly but Gibran called it off. Gibran didn't intend to marry her while he had affairs with other women. Haskell later married another man, but then she continued to support Gibran financially and to use her influence to advance his career. She became his editor, and introduced him to Charlotte Teller, a journalist, and Emilie Michel (Micheline), a French teacher, who accepted to pose for him as a model and became close friends. In 1908, Gibran went to study art in Paris for two years. While there he met his art study partner and lifelong friend Youssef Howayek. While most of Gibran's early writings were in Arabic, most of his work published after 1918 was in English. His first book for the publishing company Alfred A. Knopf, in 1918, was The Madman, a slim volume of aphorisms and parables written in biblical cadence somewhere between poetry and prose. Gibran also took part in the New York Pen League, also known as the "immigrant poets" (al-mahjar), alongside important Lebanese-American authors such as Ameen Rihani, Elia Abu Madi, and Mikhail Naimy, a close friend and distinguished master of Arabic literature, whose descendants Gibran declared to be his own children, and whose nephew Samir is a godson of Gibran.
Gibran died in New York City on April 10, 1931, at the age of 48. The causes were cirrhosis of the liver and tuberculosis due to prolonged serious alcoholism. Gibran started drinking seriously during or after publication of The Prophet. Several years before his death, he locked himself in his apartment, away from visitors, drinking all day. Gibran expressed the wish that he be buried in Lebanon.
This wish was fulfilled in 1932, when Mary Haskell and his sister Mariana purchased the Mar Sarkis Monastery in Lebanon, which has since become the Gibran Museum. Written next to Gibran's grave are the words "a word I want to see written on my grave: I am alive like you, and I am standing beside you. Close your eyes and look around, you will see me in front of you."
Gibran willed the contents of his studio to Mary Haskell. There she discovered her letters to him spanning twenty-three years. She initially agreed to burn them because of their intimacy, but recognizing their historical value she saved them. She gave them, along with his letters to her which she had also saved, to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library before she died in 1964. Excerpts of the over 600 letters were published in "Beloved Prophet" in 1972.
Mary Haskell Minis (she wed Jacob Florance Minis in 1923) donated her personal collection of nearly one hundred original works of art by Gibran to the Telfair Museum of Art in Savannah, Georgia in 1950. Haskell had been thinking of placing her collection at the Telfair as early as 1914. In a letter to Gibran, she wrote "I am thinking of other museums ... the unique little Telfair Gallery in Savannah, Ga., that Gari Melchers chooses pictures for. There when I was a visiting child, form burst upon my astonished little soul." Haskell's gift to the Telfair is the largest public collection of Gibran's visual art in the country, consisting of five oils and numerous works on paper rendered in the artist's lyrical style, which reflects the influence of symbolism. The future American royalties to his books were willed to his hometown of Bsharri, to be "used for good causes".
|نبذة في فن الموسيقى||المهاجر||New York||1905||Arabic||Music|
|الأرواح المتمردة||المهاجر||New York||1908||Arabic||Rebellious Spirits|
|الأجنحة المتكسرة||مرآة الغرب||New York||1912||Arabic||Broken Wings|
|دمعة وابتسامة||Atlantic||New York||1914||Arabic||A Tear and a Smile|
|The Madman||Alfred A. Knopf||New York||1918||English||—|
|المواكب||مرآة الغرب||New York||1919||Arabic||The Processions|
|Twenty Drawings||Alfred A. Knopf||New York||1919||English||—|
|The Forerunner||Alfred A. Knopf||New York||1920||English||—|
|البدائع والطرائف||المطبعة العصرية||Cairo||1923||Arabic||The New and the Marvellous|
|The Prophet||Alfred A. Knopf||New York||1923||English||—|
|Sand and Foam||Alfred A. Knopf||New York||1926||English||—|
|Jesus, the Son of Man||Alfred A. Knopf||New York||1928||English||—|
|The Earth Gods||Alfred A. Knopf||New York||1931||English||—|
|The Wanderer||Alfred A. Knopf||New York||1932 (posthumous)||English||—|
|The Garden of the Prophet
(revised by Mary Haskell then Barbara Young)
|Alfred A. Knopf||New York||1933
|Lazarus and his Beloved||New York Graphic Society||Greenwich||1973
|The Blind||The Westminster Press||Philadelphia||1981
|The Banshee (unfinished)||—||—||—||English||—|
|The Last Unction (unfinished)||—||—||—||English||—|
|The Hunchback or the Man Unseen (unfinished)||—||—||—||English||—|
|Poem for Albert Pinkham Ryder
(printed privately in 1915 at Cosmus & Washburn)
Writings published in periodicals:
|أيها الليل||Al-Funoon||New York||04-1913||Arabic|
|على باب الهيكل||Al-Funoon||New York||06-1913||Arabic||At the Temple's Gate|
|يا زمان الحب||Al-Funoon||New York||06-1913||Arabic|
|قبل الانتحار||Al-Funoon||New York||08-1913||Arabic|
|أبو العلاء المعري||Al-Funoon||New York||09-1913||Arabic|
|إلى المسلمين من شاعر مسيحي||Al-Funoon||New York||11-1913||Arabic||To Muslims from a Christian Poet|
|أنت وأنا||Al-Funoon||New York||12-1913||Arabic||You and I|
|يا نفس||Al-Funoon||New York||06-1916||Arabic|
|الليل والمجنون||Al-Funoon||New York||07-1916||Arabic|
|بالله يا قلبي||Al-Funoon||New York||08-1916||Arabic|
|ما وراء الرداء||Al-Funoon||New York||09-1916||Arabic|
|مات أهلي||Al-Funoon||New York||10-1916||Arabic||Dead Are My People|
|السم في الدسم||Al-Funoon||New York||11-1916||Arabic|
|Night and the Madman||The Seven Arts||New York||11-1916||English|
|The Greater Sea||The Seven Arts||New York||12-1916||English|
|الفلكي||Al-Funoon||New York||01-1917||Arabic||The Astronomer|
|The Astronomer||The Seven Arts||New York||01-1917||English|
|On Giving and Taking||The Seven Arts||New York||01-1917||English|
|النملات الثلاث||Al-Funoon||New York||02-1917||Arabic||The Three Ants|
|الكلب الحكيم||Al-Funoon||New York||02-1917||Arabic|
|The Seven Selves||The Seven Arts||New York||02-1917||English|
|أغنية الليل||Al-Funoon||New York||03-1917||Arabic|
|البحر الأعظم||Al-Funoon||New York||03-1917||Arabic|
|يا صاحبي||Al-Funoon||New York||05-1917||Arabic|
|Poems from the Arabic||The Seven Arts||New York||05-1917||English|
|البنفسجة الطموحة||Al-Funoon||New York||08-1917||Arabic||The Ambitious Violet|
|العاصفة||Al-Funoon||New York||09-1917||Arabic||The Tempest|
|بلأمس واليوم وغدا||Al-Funoon||New York||10-1917||Arabic|
|موشحات جديدة : البحر ؛ الشرورة ؛ الجبار الرئبال ؛ الشهرة||Al-Funoon||New York||10-1917||Arabic|
|ابن سينا وقصيدته||Al-Funoon||New York||10-1917||Arabic|
|بين الفصل والفصل||Al-Funoon||New York||11-1917||Arabic|
|الأمم وذواتها||Al-Funoon||New York||08-1918||Arabic|
|War and the Small Nations||The Borzoi||New York||1920||English|
|Seven Sayings||The Dial||New York||01-1921||English|
|Lullaby||The New Orient||New York||07-1925||English|
|The Blind Poet||The New Orient||New York||07-1926||English|
|To Young Americans of Syrian Origin||The Syrian World||New York||07-1926||English|
|Youth and Age||The Syrian World||New York||12-1926||English|
|(Syrian Folk Songs:) O Mother Mine (Moulaya)
|The Syrian World||New York||03-1927||English|
|(Syrian Folk Songs:) I wandered among the Mountains
|The Syrian World||New York||05-1927||English|
|(Syrian Folk Songs:) Three Maiden Lovers
|The Syrian World||New York||09-1927||English|
|The Two Hermits||The Syrian World||New York||10-1927||English|
|When My Sorrow Was Born||The Syrian World||New York||12-1927||English|
|War||The Syrian World||New York||01-1928||English|
|Said a Blade of Grass||The Syrian World||New York||03-1928||English|
|Critics||The Syrian World||New York||04-1928||English|
|War and the Small Nations||The Syrian World||New York||05-1928||English|
|Love||The Syrian World||New York||06-1928||English|
|The King of Aradus||The Syrian World||New York||09-1928||English|
|The Plutocrat||The Syrian World||New York||10-1928||English|
|A Man from Lebanon Nineteen Centuries Afterward||The Syrian World||New York||11-1928||English|
|The Great Recurrence||New York Herald Tribune Magazine||New York||23-12-1928||English|
|Night||The Syrian World||New York||12-1928||English|
|Defeat||The Syrian World||New York||01-1929||English|
|The Great Longing||The Syrian World||New York||02-1929||English|
|The Saint||The Syrian World||New York||03-1929||English|
|Fame||The Syrian World||New York||04-1929||English|
|Out of My Deeper Heart||The Syrian World||New York||05-1929||English|
|Snow||New York Herald Tribune Magazine||New York||22-12-1929||English|
|The Two Learned Men||The Syrian World||New York||01-1930||English|
|On Giving and Taking||The Syrian World||New York||03-1930||English|
|Helpfulness||The Syrian World||New York||04-1930||English|
|On the Art of Writing||The Syrian World||New York||05-1930||English|
|On Hatred||The Syrian World||New York||06-1930||English|
|Greatness||The Syrian World||New York||09-1930||English|
|The Tragic Love of a Caliph||The Syrian World||New York||10-1930||English|
|On Giving and Taking||The Syrian World||New York||10-1930||English|
|Song||The Syrian World||New York||12-1930||English|
|A Marvel and a Riddle||The Syrian World||New York||01-1931||English|
|Past and Future||The Syrian World||New York||02-1931||English|
|Speech and Silence||The Syrian World||New York||03-1931||English|
- Beloved Prophet, The love letters of Khalil Gibran and Mary Haskell, and her private journal (1972, edited by Virginia Hilu)
- Prose Poems (1934)
- Secrets of the Heart (1947)
- A Treasury of Kahlil Gibran (1951)
- A Self-Portrait (1959)
- Thoughts and Meditations (1960)
- A Second Treasury of Kahlil Gibran (1962)
- Spiritual Sayings (1962)
- Voice of the Master (1963)
- Mirrors of the Soul (1965)
- Between Night & Morn (1972)
- A Third Treasury of Kahlil Gibran (1975)
- The Storm (1994)
- The Beloved (1994)
- The Vision (1994)
- Eye of the Prophet (1995)
- The Treasured Writings of Kahlil Gibran (1995)
Style and recurring themes
Gibran was a great admirer of poet and writer Francis Marrash, whose works he had studied at al-Hikma school in Beirut. According to orientalist Shmuel Moreh, Gibran's own works echo Marrash's style, many of his ideas, and at times even the structure of some of his works; Suheil Bushrui and Joe Jenkins have mentioned Marrash's concept of universal love, in particular, in having left a "profound impression" on Gibran. The poetry of Gibran often uses formal language and spiritual terms; as one of his poems reveals: "But let there be spaces in your togetherness and let the winds of the heavens dance between you. Love one another but make not a bond of love: let it rather be a moving sea between the shores of your souls." 
Many of Gibran's writings deal with Christianity, especially on the topic of spiritual love. But his mysticism is a convergence of several different influences: Christianity, Islam, Judaism and theosophy. He wrote: "You are my brother and I love you. I love you when you prostrate yourself in your mosque, and kneel in your church and pray in your synagogue. You and I are sons of one faith—the Spirit.".
Illustration from The Madman, His Parables and Poems, 1918
His more than seven hundred images include portraits of his friends W.B. Yeats, Carl Jung and Auguste Rodin. A possible Gibran painting was the subject of a September 2008 episode of the PBS TV series History Detectives. His drawings were collected by Mathaf: Arab Museum of Modern Art in Doha.
Gibran was born into a Maronite Christian family and raised in Maronite schools. He was influenced not only by his own religion but also by Islam, and especially by the mysticism of the Sufis. His knowledge of Lebanon's bloody history, with its destructive factional struggles, strengthened his belief in the fundamental unity of religions, which his parents exemplified by welcoming people of various religions in their home. Themes of influence in his work were Islamic/Arabic art, European Classicism and Romanticism (William Blake and Auguste Rodin), pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, and more modern symbolism and surrealism. Major personal influences on Gibran include Fred Holland Day, Josephine Preston Peabody who called Gibran himself a "prophet", and Mary Haskell who was his patron. Gibran also worked with St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery on a number of occasions both in terms of art like his drawings and readings of his work, and in religious matters.
Gibran had a number of strong connections to the Bahá'í Faith. One of Gibran's acquaintances later in life, Juliet Thompson, reported several anecdotes relating to Gibran. She recalled Gibran had met `Abdu'l-Bahá, the leader of the religion at the time of his visit to the United States, c. 1911 – c. 1912. Gibran was unable to sleep the night before meeting him in person to draw his portrait. Thompson reported Gibran later saying that all the way through writing Jesus, the Son of Man, he thought of `Abdu'l-Bahá. Years later, after the death of `Abdu'l-Bahá, Gibran gave a talk on religion with Bahá'ís and at another event with a viewing of a movie of `Abdu'l-Bahá, Gibran rose to talk and proclaimed in tears an exalted station of `Abdu'l-Bahá and left the event weeping. A noted scholar on Gibran is Suheil Bushrui from Gibran's native Lebanon, also a Bahá'í, published more than one volume about him and served as the Kahlil Gibran Chair for Values and Peace at the University of Maryland and winner of the Juliet Hollister Awards from the Temple of Understanding.
Gibran was by no means a politician. He used to say: "I am not a politician, nor do I wish to become one" and "Spare me the political events and power struggles, as the whole earth is my homeland and all men are my fellow countrymen."
Nevertheless, Gibran called for the adoption of Arabic as a national language of Syria, considered from a geographic point of view, not as a political entity. When Gibran met `Abdu'l-Bahá in 1911–12, who traveled to the United States partly to promote peace, Gibran admired the teachings on peace but argued that "young nations like his own" be freed from Ottoman control. Gibran also wrote the famous "Pity the Nation" poem during these years, posthumously published in The Garden of the Prophet.
When the Ottomans were eventually driven from Syria during World War I, Gibran sketched a euphoric drawing "Free Syria" which was then printed on the special edition cover of the Syrian-American paper Al-Sa'ih ((The Traveler), founded by Abd al-Masih Haddad in 1912); this play, according to Khalil Hawi, "defines Gibran's belief in Syrian nationalism with great clarity, distinguishing it from both Lebanese and Arab nationalism, and showing us that nationalism lived in his mind, even at this late stage, side by side with internationalism."
Memorials and honors
- Lebanese Ministry of Post and Telecommunications published a stamp in his honor in 1971.
- Gibran Museum in Bsharri, Lebanon
- Gibran Khalil Gibran Garden, Beirut, Lebanon
- Gibran Khalil Gibran collection, Museo Soumaya, Mexico
- Kahlil Gibran Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada inaugurated on September 27, 2008 on occasion of the 125th anniversary of his birth
- Gibran Kahlil Gibran Skiing Piste, The Cedars Ski Resort, Lebanon
- Kahlil Gibran Memorial Garden in Washington, DC, dedicated in 1990
- Elmaz Abinader, Children of Al-Mahjar: Arab American Literature Spans a Century
- Gibran Memorial Plaque in Copley Square, Boston, Massachusetts
- Khalil Gibran International Academy, a public high school in Brooklyn, NY, opened in September 2007
- Kahlil Gibran Bust, Yerevan, Armenia (2005)
- Khalil Gibran School Rabat, Moroccan and British international school in Rabat, Morocco
- Pavilion K. Gibran at École Pasteur in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
- Khalil Gibran Park (Parcul Khalil Gibran) in Bucharest, Romania
- Gibran Kalil Gibran sculpture on a marble pedestal indoors at Arab Memorial building at Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
- Gibran Khalil Gibran Memorial, in front of Plaza de las Naciones, Buenos Aires
- Bust in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
- Gibran Khalil Gibran Cultural Space in northern Caracas, Venezuela
- Viña del Mar, Chile. Monument located on Marina Av. and sculpted by Ricardo Santander Batalla
- Kahlil Gibran "Spirit of Humanity" Awards from the Arab American Institute
Gibran's best-known work is The Prophet, a book composed of twenty-six poetic essays. Its popularity grew markedly during the 1960s with the American counterculture and then with the flowering of the New Age movements. It has remained popular with these and with the wider population to this day. Since it was first published in 1923, The Prophet has never been out of print. Having been translated into more than 108 languages, making it among the top ten most translated books in history it was one of the best-selling books of the twentieth century in the United States.
Elvis Presley was deeply affected by Gibran's The Prophet after receiving his first copy in 1956. He reportedly read passages to his mother and over the years gave away copies of "The Prophet" to friends and colleagues. Photographs of his hand-written notes under certain passages throughout his copy are archived on various Museum web-sites.
One of his most notable lines of poetry is from "Sand and Foam" (1926), which reads: "Half of what I say is meaningless, but I say it so that the other half may reach you". This line was used by John Lennon and placed, though in a slightly altered form, into the song "Julia" from the Beatles' 1968 album The Beatles (A.K.A. "The White Album").
British singer David Bowie mentioned Gibran in the song "The Width of a Circle" from Bowie's 1970 album The Man Who Sold the World. Bowie used Gibran as a "hip reference", because Gibran's work "A Tear and a Smile" became popular in the hippy counterculture of the 1960s. In 2016 Gibran's fable On Death was composed in Hebrew by Gilad Hochman to the unique setting of soprano, theorbo and percussion and premiered in France under the title River of Silence.
- Due to a mistake made by the Josiah Quincy School of Boston after his immigration to the United States with his mother and siblings  Other sources use Khalil Gibran, reflecting the typical English spelling of the forename Khalil. In academic contexts, his name is sometimes spelled Jubrān Khalīl Jubrān, Jibrān Khalīl Jibrān, or, more rarely, Jibrān Xalīl Jibrān. , he was registered as Kahlil Gibran, the spelling he used thenceforth.
- "Gibran". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
- Gibran 1998: 29
- Starkey, Paul (2006). Modern Arabic Literature. The New Edinburgh Islamic Surveys. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-7486-1291-8.
- Allen, Roger (2000). An Introduction to Arabic Literature. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. p. 255. ISBN 978-0-521-77230-3.
- Badawi, M.M., ed. (1992). Modern Arabic Literature. The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 559. ISBN 978-0-521-33197-5.
- Cachia, Pierre (2002). Arabic Literature—An Overview. Culture and Civilization in the Middle East. London: RoutledgeCurzon. p. 189. ISBN 978-0-7007-1725-5.
- Hiba Moussa (2006). "(Re)Viewing Gibran and The Prophet on Stage". Gibran K. Gibran : pionnier de la renaissance à venir (1931-2006). p. 207.
- Wahib Kairouz. Gibran in His Museum. p. 107.
- Suheil Bushrui; Joe Jenkins. Kahlil Gibran: Man and Poet.
- The Arab World. p. 11.
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