Khalil Mardam Bey

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Khalil Mardam Bek
Khalil Mardam Bey.jpg
Khalil Mardam Bek
Born 1895
Damascus, Syria
Died September 20, 1959(1959-09-20) (aged 63)
Damascus, Syria
Occupation Poet

Khalil Mardam Bek[1][2] (1895–1959) (Arabic: خليل مردم بك‎‎ Turkish: Halil Mardam Bey) was a Syrian poet and critique who is most notable for composing the lyrics of the Syrian National Anthem.[2][3]

Early life and career[edit]

Mardam Bey was born in Ottoman Damascus to a well-known family of Turkish origin.[4][5] His father was Ahmed Mukhtar Mardam Bey and his mother was Fatima Mahmoud Hamzaoui; they had six children - of which Mardam Bey was the only son. He was one of the descendants of the Ottoman general, statesman, and Grand Vizier Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha. He was chosen as the leader of the Syrian Literature Association, which was founded in 1926 and annulled by the French.[3] He studied English literature in London and taught Arabic literature in the National Science College in Syria.[3] Some of his notable works include Al-Diwan (الديوان) and A’imat al-Adab (أئمة الأدب). He was the chairman of the Arab Scientific Assemblage from 1953 until his death in 1959.[3][6]

Personal life[edit]

Mardam Bey was married and had three daughters and two sons.[4] His eldest son Adnan Mardam Bey was also a poet.

He was cousins with the former Syrian Prime Minister Jamil Mardam Bey.[7]


  1. ^ "Figures Through History". Syrian History. Archived from the original on August 9, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-07. 
  2. ^ a b Nai`sah, Youssef. مجتمع دمشق. p. 477. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Biography". Damascus Online. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-01-07. 
  4. ^ a b Al Azmenah. "خليل مردم بك". Retrieved 3 January 2007. ولد خليل بن أحمد مختار مردم بك في دمشق عام 1895، من أصل تركي. 
  5. ^ Moubayed, Sami M. (2000), Damascus between democracy and dictatorship, University Press of America, p. xxiv, ISBN 0761817441 
  6. ^ Tamam, Ahmed. "History of the Arabic Language Association of Damascus". Islam Online. Retrieved 2007-01-07. 
  7. ^ Syrian History. "A letter from Jamil Mardam Bey to his cousin, the poet Khalil Mardam Bey - September 25, 1923". Retrieved 1 January 2017.