Khalsa College, Amritsar
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ਅਕਾਲ ਸਹਾਇ (Punjabi)Akal Sahai
Motto in English
|With God's Grace|
|Location||Amritsar, Punjab, India|
Khalsa College (Punjabi: ਖਾਲਸਾ ਕਾਲਜ khālsā kālaj) is an historic educational institution in the northern Indian city of Amritsar in the state of Punjab, India. Founded in 1892, the sprawling 300-acre (1.2 km2) campus is located about eight kilometers from the city-center on the Amritsar-Lahore highway (part of the Grand Trunk Road), adjoining Guru Nanak Dev University campus, to which Khalsa College is academically affiliated.
Khalsa College was built as an educational institute during the British Raj in India when Sikh scholars thought about providing higher education to Sikhs and Punjabis within Punjab. Amritsar was chosen for its establishment and Singh Sabha Movement and Chief Khalsa Diwan approached the then Sikh Maharajas and Sikh people of Punjab to raise funds and donate land to build this unique institute. People of Amritsar, Lahore and other cities of Punjab including rich Sikh families and Maharajas donated land and raised funds to build Khalsa College, Amritsar. Its architectural design was created by Ram Singh(architect), a famous architect who also designed one of the Places in England. Its building was completed in 1911–12. Its architectural features are mix of British, Mughal and Sikh architect.
Khalsa college's contribution towards the freedom history of India is significant as it has generated many famous freedom fighters, political leaders, armed forces generals, scientists, famous players-Olympians, actors, writers, journalists and scholars. More information about Khalsa college can be found in the book "History of Khalsa College Amritsar," written by Dr. Ganda Singh, former head of the dept. of Sikh History, Khalsa College Amritsar. In modern times, the only research work on Khalsa College's history, "The Temple of Study-Khalsa College Amritsar," was performed by Jaspreet Singh Rajpoot, an alumnus of Khalsa, in the year 2002 with the collaboration of Khalsa College governing council and Dr. Mohinder Singh Dhillon (the then Principal of KCA), reveals the facts of Khalsa college which are still unknown to most of the people around the world.
Khalsa College has following faculties:
- Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
- Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration
- Faculty of Sciences
- College of Agriculture
- Institute of Computer Science
Khalsa College Establishment Committee was set up in 1890 with Colonel W. R. M. Holroyd, Director of Public Instruction, Punjab, as president, and W. Bell, Principal of Government College, Lahore, as secretary. Among the native constituents of this 121-member committee were Sir Attar Singh, Gurdial Singh Maan of Nabha, Diwan Gurmukh Singh of Patiala, Bhai Kahn Singh, Professor Gurmukh Singh and Sardar Jawahir Singh (1859–1910). Many princely states of British India and Sikh people of Punjab gave their financial help to the establishment of Khalsa College, including Maharaja Rajendra Singh of Patiala, Maharaja Hira Singh of Nabha, Maharaja Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala and Sir Sunder Singh Majithia.
After a prolonged discussion about the site of Khalsa College, it was decided that one college would be established in Amritsar, followed by a second in Lahore. The 300-acre (1.2 km2) campus was sited just outside the village of Kot Sayyad Mehmood, which was later renamed Kot Khalsa.
The institutions under Khalsa College Charitable Society, which is running the century old Khalsa College:
- Khalsa College, Amritsar-India (Estb.1892)
- Khalsa College of Education, Amritsar (Estb.1954)
- Khalsa College for Women, Amritsar (Estb.1968)
- Khalsa College of Education, Ranjit Avenue, Amritsar (Estb.2006)
- Khalsa College of Nursing, Amritsar (Estb.2006)
- Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Amritsar (Estb.2009)
- Khalsa College of Engineering & Tech., Ranjit Avenue, Amritsar (Estb.2009)
- Khalsa College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Amritsar (Estb.2009)
- Khalsa College (Amritsar) of Technology & Business Studies, Mohali (Estb.2009)
- Khalsa College of Physical Education, VPO Heir, Distt. Amritsar (Estb.2009)
- Khalsa College Chawinda Devi,Amritsar
- Khalsa College of Law, Amritsar
- Khalsa College of Management & Technology, Amritsar
- Khalsa College Sr. Sec. School (Boys), Amritsar (Estb. 1892)
- Khalsa College Sr. Sec. School (Girls), Amritsar (Estb. 1942)
- Khalsa College Public School, Amritsar Amritsar (Estb. 1984)
- Khalsa College International Public School, Ranjit Avenue, Amritsar (Estb. 2001)
- Khalsa College Public School, Heir, Amritsar (Estb. 2008)
The main building is considered a gem of the Indo-Sarcenic style, which is strongly influenced by traditional Indian and Mughal schools of architecture. The foundation stone was laid on March 5, 1892, with the first classes starting in 1893.
The college was designed by Bhai Ram Singh, principal of the Mayo School of Arts, Lahore, with the help of engineer Dharam Singh Gharjakhia. Bhai Ram Singh was decorated for his services with the Member of the Victorian Order (MVO), the highest civilian award of British India.
- Dr. Harcharan Singh (1933-1937) Punjabi Playwright
- Harpreet Sandhu (Actor) (1999-2001) Former world, Asian, inter-university, university, state, national athletics champion and a film director.
- Gurbachan Singh Randhawa (1960) Multiple national champion in 110m hurdles, Decathlon, 1960, 1964 Indian Captain.
- Amitansh Gupta (2013) - world-renowned musician and guitarist featured in Metallica's Album for the year'11-12[The Week-2003]
- Gurdarshan Singh (1968-) Treasurer of Singh Sabha Gurdwara
- Pratap Singh Kairon, former Chief Minister of Punjab
- Darbara Singh, former Chief Minister of Punjab and national level leader of the Congress
- Teja Singh Samundri (1882–1926), founder of SGPC - Shiromani Gurudwara Prabhandhak Committee
- Maj Gen. Rajinder Singh "Sparrow" Shergill
- Sohan Singh Josh (1898-–1970?), Socialist Leader of Punjab
- Niranjan Singh Talib (b. 1901), Gandhian Leader of Indian independence movement
- Sardar Gurdial Singh Dhillon, former Speaker of the Indian Parliament 
- Sardar Hukam Singh, former Speaker of the Indian Parliament 
- Mulk Raj Anand, novelist
- Kidar Sharma, film director and screenwriter
- Bhisham Sahni, filmmaker and writer
- Dr. Pathak, former director of PGI Chandigarh
- Justice Hans Raj Khanna, former judge Supreme Court of India 
- Dr.Manohar Singh Gill, former Chief Election Commissioner of India
- Hardeep Tauo Toganwalia, Captain of Canadian Kabaddi Team
- Bishen Singh Bedi, former captain of the Indian cricket team
- Colonel (Ret.) Arjinderpal Singh Sekhon, M.D.. First Sikh to become a Battalion Commander in the United States Army and to graduate from United States Army War College and the first Amritdhari Sikh to win Democratic Party nomination for the United States Congress in 2006.
- Shaheed Bhai Harjinder Singh Jinda, (Khalistan command)
- Ranjit Bawa, Punjabi singer
- Khem Singh Gill, geneticist and former vice chancellor of Punjab Agricultural University
- Balbir Singh, Sr.
- Dharam Singh
- Harbinder Singh
- Baldev Singh Dhillon, Graduated in in 1943. He was a prominent horticulturist of that era, who established several sugarcane plantations in the Uttar Pradesh (now Utrakhand) region of India. The family origins can be traced to one of the misils of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Original descendants are from North Western France, who migrated to India in the medieval years. His son is now Professor of Information Security at Virginia Commonwealth University, USA and a daughter who lives in London, England.
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- "Former Jugdes". Supreme Court of India. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
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