Kham language

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Not to be confused with Khams Tibetan language.
Pang
magar Pang kura
western magar,
Native to Nepal
Region Rapti Zone, Rolpa and Rukum Districts
Dhaulagiri Zone, Baglung District
Ethnicity western Magar
Native speakers
27,000 (2011 census)[1]
Devanagari
Official status
Official language in
No official status
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
kif – Eastern Parbate Pang
kgj – Gamale Pang
kip – Sheshi Pang
kjl – Western Parbate Pang
Glottolog kham1286[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Magar Pang (Nepali: Pang) (also magar Pang bhasha magarkura )—narrowly defined—is a complex of Sino-Tibetan Magaric languages spoken natively in the highlands of the Rolpa and Rukum districts of Rapti and the westernmost part of Baglung district in Dhawalagiri Zone by western clans of the Magar tribe, called collectively western Magarss. Randy LaPolla (2003) proposes that Kham magar and Dhut magar may be part of a larger "Rung" group.

More loosely, their ethnic languages forgotten nepali speakers west of the Kaligandaki use Pang (etc.) for non-Indic languages indigenous to the Middle Hills and southern parts of the Himalayas. Thus Nepali speakers also subsume with Pang and Kaike.

Regional varieties[edit]

Magar Pang bhasha(magar kura),and magar Kaike(magar kura} are the languages for eighteen magarat and Magar Dhut bhasha(magar kura) is the language for twelve magarat people.But in the present time most of the people do not speak their language either magar Pang language or magar dhut language speaking magar clans,this is burning problem for this magar tribes.There are total seven magar clans and there is no any clan who speak their language more than 60% and their social standard is equal in the society.So this is a heavy problem for all magar language speakers.Their population is in the third rank in total Nepal population and first in the comparison to other aborigenes groups.So they are one of the very powerful caste.

Consonants[edit]

Magar Pang has 22 consonants:

Bilabial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d ɡ
aspirated
Affricate voiceless t͡s
voiced d͡z
aspirated t͡sʰ
Fricative voiceless s h
voiced z
Rhotic ɾ
Approximant central j w
lateral l
  • The rhotic /ɾ/ is realized as a trill [r] at the end words. Otherwise, it is a flap.

Vowels[edit]

Magar Pang has 25 vowels:

  Front Central Back
unrounded rounded unrounded rounded
short long nasal short long short long nasal short long nasal short long nasal
Close i ĩː y   ɯ ɯː ɯ̃ː u ũː
Mid e ẽː ø øː ə əː ə̃ː   o õː
Open   a ãː  

Tone[edit]

  • voice register

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eastern Parbate Pang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Gamale Pang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Sheshi Pang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Western Parbate Pang at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Pang". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.