Khamaj

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Khamaj
ThaatKhamaj
TypeShadava-sampurna
Time of dayLate night, 12–3[1]
ArohanaS G M P D N 
Avarohana  D P M G R S
Pakad D M P D M G[2]
VadiG
SamavadiN
Synonym
  • Kamboja
  • Kambhoji
  • Kambodi
  • Kamodi[1]
Equivalent
SimilarKhambavati[1]

Khamaj (IAST: Khamāj) is a Hindustani classical raga within the Khamaj thaat which is named after it.

Many ghazals and thumris are based on Khamaj. It utilises the shuddha (pure) form of Ni on the ascent, and the komala (flat) form of Ni on the descent, creating a key asymmetry in compositional and improvisational performance. This raga has been explored more in the lighter forms of Hindustani Classical Music such as Thumri, Tappa etc. Yet a few compositions in Dhrupad and Khayal are found as well.

Theory[edit]

Arohana: S G M P D N [a][1][2]

Avroha:   D P M G R S[b][2][1][3]

Vadi: G[2]

Samavadi: N[2]

Compositions[edit]

In Dhrupad, Sadra, Khayal, Thumri & Tappa styles :

Hindi Film Songs based on Raga Khamaj:

  • Bada natkhat hai...ka kare yashoda maiya, "Kuchh Toh Log Kahenge" and Raina Beet Jaye (with Todi in mukhara)Amar Prem [4]
  • Ayo kahanse ghanashyam – Buddha Mil Gaya
  • Vo na aenge palatkar – Devdaas
  • A dilse dil mila le – Navrang
  • Dhal chuki shame Gam – Kohinoor
  • Khat likha de savariyake nam babu
  • Mere to giridharagopala – Meera
  • Tere bina sajna lage na jiya hamar – Aarti
  • Tere mere milan ki ye raina - Abhimaan
  • Khamaj - Fuzön sung by Shafqat Amanat Ali
  • Mitwa - Kabhi alvida na kehna

The Narsinh Bhajan "Vaishnav jan to" is also based on Khamaj.

The Sargam Geet is as follows: set to teentaal, that is sixteen beats:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
G G S G M P G M N D _ M P D _ M
G _ _ _ D N S' _ S ' N D P M G R S

This is the Prelude to the Sargam Geet, the underscore signifies the avagraha i.e. prolongation of the previous note by one beat for one _ and
three beats in case of _ _ _

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Carnatic: S G₃ M₁ P D₂ N₃ 
    • Western: C E F G A B C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Carnatic:  N₂ D₂ P M₁ G₃ R₂ S
    • Western: C A# A G F E D C

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Bor & Rao 1999.
  2. ^ a b c d e OEMI:KR.
  3. ^ SWAAI SANGEET (Part 1) Theory of Indian Classical Music by Prem Jialal Vasant
  4. ^ Anirudha Bhattacharjee; Balaji Vittal (2012). R. D. Burman: The Man, The Music. Harper Collins India. p. 96. ISBN 978-93-5029-236-5.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]