Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan

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Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan
Drkhansahib.jpg
1st Chief Minister of former 'West Pakistan'
In office
14 October 1955 – 27 August 1957
Monarch Elizabeth II
President Iskander Mirza
Governor-General Iskander Mirza
Governor Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani
Preceded by First
Succeeded by Sardar Abdur Rashid Khan
Personal details
Born 1883[1]
Utmanzai, Charsadda, British India, now Charsadda District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Died 9 May 1958 (aged 75)[1]
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan (Pashto: خان عبدالجبار خان‎) ( born 1883, Utmanzai, Charsadda – 9 May 1958, Lahore), popularly known as Dr. Khan Sahib, was a pioneer in the Indian Independence Movement and a Pakistani politician.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was born in the village of Utmanzai, Charsadda, in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) of British India (now in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan). His father, Bahram Khan was a local landlord. He was eight years older than his brother, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (Bacha Khan).[1]

After matriculating from the Edwards Mission High School in Peshawar, Khan Sahib studied at Grant Medical College, Bombay. He subsequently completed his training from St Thomas' Hospital in London. During the First world war, he served in France. During his stay in France, he met a Scottish girl Mary. They fell in love and soon they got married, though his younger brother Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was against this marriage. Mary had a daughter from her earlier relationship and her name was Meriam. After the war, he joined the Indian Medical Service and was posted in Mardan with the Guides regiment. He resigned his commission in 1921, after refusing to be posted in Waziristan, where the British Indian Army was launching operations against his fellow Pashtun tribes (1919–20).[1]

Contribution to the Indian independence movement[edit]

In 1935, Khan Sahib was elected alongside Peer Shahenshah of Jungle Khel Kohat as representatives of the North-West Frontier Province to the Central Legislative Assembly in New Delhi.

With the grant of limited self-government and announcement of Indian provincial elections, 1937, Dr. Khan Sahib led his party to a comprehensive victory. The Frontier National Congress, an affiliate of the Indian National Congress emerged as the single largest party in the Provincial Assembly.

Politics in Pakistan 1947 – 1954[edit]

At the time of independence of Pakistan in 1947, he was the chief executive of the province appointed in British India.[2] Later he was jailed by Abdul Qayyum Khan's government. After Qayyum Khan's appointment to the Central government and the personal efforts of the Chief Minister of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa at the time, Sardar Bahadur Khan, he along with his brother and many other activists were released.

Back in government[edit]

He joined the Central Cabinet of Muhammad Ali Bogra as Minister for Communications in 1954. This decision to join the government led to his split with his brother.[3]

In October 1955, he became the first Chief Minister of West Pakistan following the consolidation of the provinces and princely states under the One Unit scheme.[1] After differences with the ruling Muslim League over the issue of Joint versus Separate Electorates, he created the Republican Party with the help of then Governor-General of Pakistan Iskander Mirza.[4]

He resigned in March 1957 after the provincial budget was rejected by the assembly.

In June, he was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan representing the constituency of Quetta, the former capital of Balochistan.

Assassination[edit]

He was assassinated by Atta Mohammad at approximately 8:30 am on 9 May 1958, according to some sources on the orders of Allama Mashraqi, leader of the Khaksars.[5]

This tragic incident occurred while Dr. Khan Sahib was sitting in the garden of his son Sadullah Khan's house at 16 Aikman Road, GOR, Lahore.[6] He was waiting for Colonel Syed Abid Hussein of Jhang to accompany him to a meeting organised in connection with the scheduled February 1959 General Elections. The assailant was a "Patwari" (Land Revenue Clerk) from Mianwali who had been dismissed from service two years previously. Despite his appeal in court, the assailant had not been reinstated to his position as 'Patwari'.[1]

The body of Dr. Khan Sahib was taken to his village Utmanzai, Charsadda about 30 miles from Peshawar, where he was laid to rest by side of his European wife Mary Khan.[7]

Speaking of his passing, Pakistani President Iskander Mirza said, about him that he was "the greatest Pathan of his times, a great leader and a gallant gentleman whose life-long fight in the cause of freedom, his sufferings and sacrifices for the sake of his convictions and his passion to do good to the common man were the attributes of a really great man."[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Profile of Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan, Updated 4 January 2008, Retrieved 27 May 2017
  2. ^ Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan on Dawn newspaper website, Published 20 October 2002, Retrieved 27 May 2017
  3. ^ Victoria Schofield Afghan (2004)Frontier: Feuding and Fighting in Central Asia. Tauris Parke Paperbacks,
  4. ^ Dr Khan Sahib (Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan) on Encyclopedia Britannica website, Retrieved 27 May 2017
  5. ^ Dr Ali Muhammad Khan, 'Allama Mashriqi, Khaksar Tehreek aur uss ki Qatilana Siyasat' (Urdu: Allama Mashriqi, the Khaksars and the Politics of Assassination') pub Lahore: Rang Mahal Publishers, 1978, pp 121-123
  6. ^ Khan, p 121
  7. ^ The Hindu : Miscellaneous / This Day That Age : dated 10 May 1958: Khan Sahib assassinated
  8. ^ Frontier Post, 27 May 2004 Dr Khan Sahib Remembered By Syed Afzaal Hussain Zaidi

Notes[edit]

  • Mahmud, Makhdumzada Syed Hassan (1958). A Nation is Born

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum
Chief Minister of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
1937–1939
Succeeded by
Sardar Aurang Zeb Khan
Preceded by
Sardar Aurang Zeb Khan
2nd term
1945–1946
Succeeded by
3rd term
Preceded by
2nd term
3rd term
1946–1947
Succeeded by
Abdul Qayyum Khan
Preceded by
Office created
Chief Minister of West Pakistan
1955–1957
Succeeded by
Sardar Abdur Rashid Khan