Khan of Kalat

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The Khan of Kalat and his sons

Khan of Kalat or Khan-e-Qalat (Balochi: خان قلات) is the title of the former rulers of the Khanate of Kalat. Kalat state is now a part of Balochistan Province, Pakistan. The rulers in Kalat first were subjected to Mughal emperor Akbar in Delhi[1][2] after 1839 to the British, and since 1948 to the Pakistani government.

The rulers of Kalat held the title of Vali originally but in 1739 they also took the title (Begler Begi) Khan, usually shortened to just Khan. The last Khan of Kalat was also the President of the Council of Rulers for the Baluchistan States Union.

History[edit]

The Khans of Kalat were founded by a Baloch[3] hill chieftain named Qambar (or Qumbar).[4][5] His tribe was hired by Sehwa, the Raja of Kalat, a Hindu princely state, to protect against marauding tribes from the Multan, Shikarpur and Upper Sind areas.[5] Mir Qambar Baloch and his troops successfully repressed the incursion, but afterward, they deposed the raja and Mir Qambar Baloch became the first Vali.[4]

Tenure Khan of Kalat[2] [6]
1512–1530 Mir Bijar Khan Mirwani Baloch
1530–1535 Mir Zagar Khan Mirwani Baloch
1535–1547 Mir Ibrahim Khan Qambrani Baloch ( Changed his Royal family name from Mirwani to Qambrani )
1547–1549 Mir Gwahram Khan Qambrani Baloch
1549–1569 Mir Hassan Khan Qambrani Baloch
1569–1581 Mir Sanjar Khan Qambrani Baloch
1581–1590 Mir Malook Khan Qambrani Baloch
1590–1601 Mir Qambar Sani Khan Qambrani Baloch
1601–1610 Mir Ahmad Khan Qambrani Baloch I
1610–1618 Mir Suri Khan Qambrani Baloch
1618–1629 Mir Qaisar Khan Qambrani Baloch
1629–1637 Mir Ahmad Sani Khan Qambrani Baloch II
1637–1647 Mir Altaz Khan Qambrani Baloch I
1647–1656 Mir Kachi Khan Qambrani Baloch
1656–1666 Mir Altaz Sani Khan Qambrani Baloch II
1666–1695 Mir Ahmad I Khan Qambrani Baloch III ( Changed his Royal family name from Qambrani to Ahmadzai )
1695–1697 Mir Mehrab Khan Ahmadzai Baloch I
1697–1714 Mir Samandar Khan Ahmadzai Baloch ( Amir al-Umara Amir of Amirs )
1714–1716 Mir Ahmad II Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
1716–1731 Mir Abdullah Khan Ahmadzai Baloch ( Eagle of the Mountain and The Greatest )
1731–1749 Mir Muhabbat Khan Ahmadzai Baloch ( Beglar Begi )
1749–1794 Mir Muhammad Nasir Khan I Ahmadzai Baloch ( Noori, Ghazi, Wali and The Great )
1794–1817 Mir Mahmud Khan I Ahmadzai Baloch I
1817–13 November 1839 Mir Mehrab Khan Ahmadzai Baloch II
1839–1841 Mir Shah Nawaz Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
1841–1857 Mir Nasir Khan II Ahmadzai Baloch, son of Mir Naseer Khan Ahmadzai Baloch I[7]
1857 – March 1863 Mir Khudadad Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (1st time). During his period of rule, seven major and many minor rebellions took place.
March 1863 – May 1864 Mir Sherdil Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (usurped throne)
May 1864–15 August 1893 Mir Khudadad Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (2nd time)
10 November 1893 – 3 November 1931 Mir Mahmud Khan II Ahmadzai Baloch
3 November 1931 – 10 September 1933 Mir Mohammad Azam Jan Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
10 September 1933 – 14 October 1955 Mir Ahmad Yar Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (1st time)
20 June 1958–1958 Mir Ahmad Yar Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (2nd time, in rebellion)
14 October 1955 State of Kalat acceded to Pakistan
1979 – current Mir Suleman Dawood Jan (universally unrecognized by other nation-states, including Pakistan)[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Treaty of Kalat between Balochistan and Afghanistan in 1758
  2. ^ a b "Baluchistan" Imperial Gazetteer of India Vol. 6, p. 277, from the Digital South Asia Library, accessed 15 January 2009
  3. ^ Qambar gave his name to the Qambarani branch of the Baloch, just as Ahmed I gave his name to the Ahmedzai branch of the Qambrani, Balfour, Edward (1885) "India, Its Balochistan neighbours" The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial, Industrial and Scientific Vol. II H-NYSA (3rd ed.) Bernard Quaritch, London, p. 195, accessed 15 January 2009
  4. ^ a b Keltie, J. Scott (ed.) (1902) Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world for the year 1902 Macmillan and Co., London p. 172, accessed 15 January 2009
  5. ^ a b Balfour, Edward (1885) "India, Its Baluchistan neighbours" The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial, Industrial and Scientific Vol. II H-NYSA (3rd ed.) Bernard Quaritch, London, p. 191, accessed 15 January 2009
  6. ^ Naseer Dashti (8 October 2012). The Baloch and Balochistan: A Historical Account from the Beginning to the Fall of the Baloch State. Trafford Publishing. p. 280. ISBN 978-1-4669-5897-5. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  7. ^ The British recognized Naseer Khan Ahmadzai Baloch II in 1841, Keltie, J. Scott (ed.) (1902) Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world for the year 1902 Macmillan and Co., London p. 173, accessed 15 January 2009
  8. ^ "Khan of Kalat being persuaded to return home". Dawn. June 29, 2015. 

External links[edit]