Khan of Kalat

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His Highness the Khan of Kalat and Sons

Khan of Kalat or Khan-e-Qalat (Balochi: خان قلات) is the title of former rulers of State of Kalat. Kalat state or Balochistan is now part of Pakistan. The rulers in Kalat were subjected to the political authority of a larger state for some period; first they were subjected to Mughal emperor Akbar in Delhi,[1][2] then after 1839 to the British, and finally to the Pakistan government.

The rulers of Kalat held the title of Vali originally but in 1739 also took the title (Begler Begi) Khan, usually shortened to Khan. The last Khan of Kalat had the privilege of being the President of the Council of Rulers for the Baluchistan States Union.

History[edit]

The Khans of Kalat were founded by a Baloch[3] hill chieftain named Qambar (or Qumbar).[4][5] His tribe was hired by Sehwa, the Raja of Kalat, a Hindu princely state, to protect against marauding tribes from the Multan, Shikarpur and Upper Sind areas.[5] Mir Qambar Baloch and his troops successfully repressed the incursion, but afterward, they deposed the raja and Mir Qambar Baloch became the first Vali.[4]

Tenure Khan of Kalat[2]
1512-1530 Mir Bijar Khan Mirwani Baloch
1530-1535 Mir Zagar Khan Mirwani Baloch
1535-1547 Mir Ibrahim Khan Qambrani Baloch "Changed his Royal family name from Mirwani to Qambrani".
1547-1549 Mir Gwahram Khan Qambrani Baloch
1549-1569 Mir Hassan Khan Qambrani Baloch
1666–1695 Mir Ahmad I Khan Qambrani Baloch
1695–1697 Mir Mehrab Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
1697–1714 Mir Samandar Khan Ahmadzai Baloch also known as Amir al-Umara Amir of Amirs
1714–1716 Mir Ahmad II Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
1716–1731 Mir Abdullah Khan Ahmadzai Baloch also known as Eagle of the Mountain
1731–1749 Mir Muhabbat Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
1749–1794 Mir Muhammad Nasir Khan I Ahmadzai Baloch also known as Noori Naseer Khan the great
1794–1817 Mir Mahmud Khan I Ahmadzai Baloch
1817–13 November 1839 Mir Mehrab Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
1839–1841 Mir Shah Nawaz Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
1841–1857 Mir Nasir Khan II Ahmadzai Baloch, son of Mir Naseer Khan Ahmadzai Baloch I[6]
1857–March 1863 Mir Khudadad Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (1st time). During his period of rule, seven major and many minor rebellions took place.
March 1863–May 1864 Mir Sherdil Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (usurped throne)
May 1864–15 August 1893 Mir Khudadad Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (2nd time)
10 November 1893 – 3 November 1931 Mir Mahmud Khan II Ahmadzai Baloch
3 November 1931 – 10 September 1933 Mir Mohammad Azam Jan Khan Ahmadzai Baloch
10 September 1933 – 14 October 1955 Mir Ahmad Yar Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (1st time)
20 June 1958–1958 Mir Ahmad Yar Khan Ahmadzai Baloch (2nd time, in rebellion)
14 October 1955 State of Kalat acceded to Pakistan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.uob.edu.pk/journals/TREATY%20OF%20KALAT%201758%20BETWEEN%20QANDHAR%20AND%20KALAT%20AND%20ITS%20IMPACTS.pdf
  2. ^ a b "Baluchistan" Imperial Gazetteer of India Vol. 6, p. 277, from the Digital South Asia Library, accessed 15 January 2009
  3. ^ Qambar gave his name to the Qambarani branch of the Baloch, just as Ahmed I gave his name to the Ahmedzai branch of the Qambrani, Balfour, Edward (1885) "India, Its Balochistan neighbours" The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial, Industrial and Scientific Vol. II H-NYSA (3rd ed.) Bernard Quaritch, London, p. 195, accessed 15 January 2009
  4. ^ a b Keltie, J. Scott (ed.) (1902) Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world for the year 1902 Macmillan and Co., London p. 172, accessed 15 January 2009
  5. ^ a b Balfour, Edward (1885) "India, Its Baluchistan neighbours" The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial, Industrial and Scientific Vol. II H-NYSA (3rd ed.) Bernard Quaritch, London, p. 191, accessed 15 January 2009
  6. ^ The British recognized Naseer Khan Ahmadzai Baloch II in 1841, Keltie, J. Scott (ed.) (1902) Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world for the year 1902 Macmillan and Co., London p. 173, accessed 15 January 2009

External links[edit]