|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||121.74 km2 (47.00 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Arambagh|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Khanakul|
Hooghly district forms a part of the flat alluvial plains of the lower Gangetic delta. It lies on the western bank of the Hooghly, a distributary of the Ganges. The river bank of the Hooghly is heavily industrialised. The Dwarakeswar, in the western part of the district, forms the dividing line between the uplands and the plains. It is subsequently joined by the Shilabati to form the Rupnarayan, flowing along the western boundary of the district. The Damodar intersects the district. Human intervention in the form of construction of roads and railways and flood control measures have affected the topography. Urbanisation and industrialisation has altered land use pattern of the district. With a very high density of population (1,601 per km2), about 66% of the population live in the rural areas. In 2001, Hindus formed 83.63% of the population followed by Muslims, who formed 15.14% of the population. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes together constituted 43% of the population.
Natibpur, a constituent panchayat of Khanakul II block, is located at.
Khanakul II CD Block is bounded by Pursurah CD Block in the north, Khanakul I CD Block in a portion of the north and the west, Udaynarayanpur, in Howrah district, in the east and the south, Daspur II and Ghatal CD Blocks, in Paschim Medinipur district, in the west.
Area and administration
Khanakul II community development block has an area of 121.74 km2. Khanakul police station serves this CD Block. Khanakul II panchayat samity has 11 gram panchayats. The block has 52 inhabited villages. Headquarters of this block is at Khanakul.
As per 2011 Census of India Khanakul II CD Block had a total population of 184,734, all of which were rural. There were 93,379 (51%) males and 90,755 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 22,035. Scheduled Castes numbered 55,544 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 29. 
As per 2001 census, Khanakul II block had a total population of 160,861, out of which 79,564 were males and 81,297 were females. Khanakul II block registered a population growth of 6.90 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages in Khanakul II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Hirapur (5,486), Ramchandrapur (5,299), Kaknan (5,833), Dhanyaghari (5,482), Ghoradaha (6,707), Jagatpur (7,142), Bara Nandanpur (4,763), Nandanpur (7,778), Marakhana (5,526), Hayatpur (7,805), Harish Chak (9,705), Sabalsinghapur (10,109), Rajhati (6,677), Routkhana (6,114), Ranjitbati (4,208), Chinra (12,924), Natibpur (6,466), Balpai (5,856), Palashpai (6,450) and Mostafapur (5,670).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Khanakul II CD Block was 128,790 (79.16% of the population over 6 years) out of which 71,206 (55%) were males and 57,584 (45%) were females.
As per the 2001 census, Khanakul II block had a total literacy of 49.27 per cent. While male literacy was 72.54 per cent, female literacy was 38.76 per cent.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Arambagh – 79.10|
|Khanakul I – 77.73|
|Khanakul II – 79.16|
|Goghat I – 78.70|
|Goghat II – 77.24|
|Pursurah – 82.12|
|Haripal – 78.59|
|Singur – 84.01|
|Tarakeswar – 79.96|
|Balagarh – 76.94|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 83.01|
|Dhaniakhali – 75.66|
|Pandua – 75.86|
|Polba Dadpur – 75.14|
|Chanditala I – 83.76|
|Chanditala II – 84.78|
|Jangipara – 75.34|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 87.33|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In 2011 census Hindus numbered 155,566 and formed 84.21% of the population in Khanakul II CD Block. Muslims numbered 28,946 and formed 15.67% of the population. Others numbered 222 and formed 0.12% of the population.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,574,569 and formed 82.89% of the population in Hooghly district. Muslims numbered 870,204 and formed 15.77% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
|Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District|
Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67
The first wave of industrialisation (in Hooghly district, as well as the region) came with the establishment of jute mills along the banks of the Hooghly River long back in the British era. The district has moved from an overwhelmingly rural society with a mere 14.92% of the population living in urban areas in 1901 to a more urban society with 33.47% of the population living in urban areas in 2001. Increasing urbanisation has opened up a broader range of livelihood opportunities. However, in 12 out of the 18 community development blocks in the district the entire population continued to live in the rural areas in 2001. The district presents a unique picture of 12 municipalities surrounded by rural areas.
In the rural areas of the district while 14.95% of the total workers were cultivators, agricultural labourers were 24.31%, thereby indicating the huge pressure on land that outstrips its ownership. In Khanakul II CD Block, things were a bit different. While cultivators were 30.76% of the total workers, agricultural labourers formed 28.55%. Household workers formed 6.09% and other workers 34.61%. Up to 30.11.2006 a total of 5,260 hectares of vested agricultural land was distributed amongst 71,643 persons in Hooghly district. Amongst different categories of workers engaged in agriculture in Khanakul II CD Block 21.38% were bargadars, 3.22% patta (ownership document) holders, 2.08% small farmers, 34.62% marginal farmers and 38.71% agricultural workers in 2001.
Agricultural activities or cultivation is divided into two categories: crop cultivation and plantation (orchards). There is a general belief that plantations are more remunerative. In Khanakul II CD Block 75.52% of the land is used for crop cultivation and 0.15% for orchards. In Khanakul II CD Block 83.97% of the land is sown more than once. Khanakul II CD Block produced 74,710 tonnes of Aman paddy from 2171.12 hectares, 21,439 tonnes of Boro paddy from 6,269 hectares, 45,180 tonnes of Jute from 2,218 hectares and 165,190 tonnes of potatoes from 4,657 hectares in 2005-06. In Khanakul II CD Block out of the total cultivated area of 8,927 hectares 200 hectares is drought prone and 6,000 hectares is flood prone. The irrigation system in Hooghly district is based on five rivers: Hooghly, Damodar, Mundeswari, Darakeswar and Sankari. Erosion of the river banks of these rivers pose a problem in many areas, particularly the Khanakul area.
Handloom saris of Dhaniakhali, Begampur, Jangipara and Rajbalhat areas, and dhutis of Haripal, Rajbalhat and Khanakul areas are familiar all over the country. However, in spite of Government support, the problems of adequate finance, raw materials and marketing persist. Low remuneration is forcing weavers to switch over to other professions. Dhaniakhali produces three varieties of saris – 100 counts (fine), 80 counts (medium) and 60 counts (general). Weaver’s wage for finishing a sari is Rs.47 for 60 counts, Rs.62 for 80 counts and Rs. 135 for 100 counts. It takes two days to complete a sari.
Hooghly district has the distinction of all mouzas (villages) being electrified by 2005. In Khanakul II CD Block all 53 mouzas were electrified. However, in Khanakul II CD Block 18.20% of households owned houses with electricity and 22.33% households owned houses with toilets in 2001.
In the rural areas of Hooghly district there are wide variations amongst the CD Blocks regarding families living below poverty line (BPL). The data provided in the table given below is based on a household survey for BPL list carried out by the state government in 2005.
in CD Blocks of
|Goghat I – 29.97%|
|Goghat II – 17.25%|
|Arambagh – 49.89%|
|Khanakul I – 11.10%|
|Khanakul II – 16.47%|
|Pursurah – 31.51%|
|Chinsurah Sadar subdivision|
|Dhaniakhali – 31.85%|
|Pandua – 34.30%|
|Balagarh – 11.19%|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 15.99%|
|Polba Dadpur – 28.54%|
|Tarakeswar – 18.62%|
|Haripal – 27.56%|
|Singur – 18.39%|
|Jangipara – 32.05%|
|Chanditala I – 9.07%|
|Chanditala II – 8.98%|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 7.59%|
District Human Development Report:
Hooghly, 2010, page 89
Khanakul II CD Block had 2,763 hectares of canals. In 2003-04 Khanakul II had 17.85 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 11.00 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 149.20 km unsurfaced roads under Zilla Parishad.
In Khanakul I CD Block 1,085.09 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 6,323 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 27,139,5 qtl.
Khanakul II CD Block has 15 ferry services and 14 originating/ terminating bus routes.
In 2003-04, Khanakul II CD Block had 146 primary schools with 17,669 students, 5 middle schools with 1,179 students, 15 high schools with 9,615 students and 5 higher secondary schools with 6,697 students. Khanakul II CD Block had 120 institutions with 5,418 students for special and non-formal education.
Khanakul II CD Block had 4 health centres, 28 clinics and 1 dispensary with 28 beds and 4 doctors in 2003.
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