Khandava Forest

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Krishna and Arjuna burn the Khandava forest and battle with the gods.

Khandava Forest (Khandava Vana, Sanskrit: खाण्डव वन, khāndəvə vənə) or Khandavprastha (Sanskrit: खाण्डवप्रस्‍थ) was an ancient forest mentioned in the epic Mahabharata.[1] It lay to the west of Yamuna river, in modern-day Delhi territory. Pandavas cleared this forest to construct their capital city called Indraprastha. This forest was earlier inhabited by Naga tribes led by a king named Takshaka.[2] Arjuna and Krishna cleared this forest by setting up a fire. The inhabitants of this forest were displaced. This was the root cause of the enmity of the Naga Takshaka towards the Kuru kings who ruled from Indraprastha and Hastinapura.[2]

The Mahabharata states that Indra was the protecting deity (deva) of Khandava forest, which is why the region was known as Indraprastha.[3] When the forest was being burned, Indra attacked Arjuna with his bolt (vajra), injuring him.[4] But Arjuna defeated all gods, Gandharvas and demons in that fierce battle and burnt entire forest.[5] Chhapadeshwar Mahadev Mandir in Kharkhoda, Haryana was the part of Khandav Van.[6][7][8] Khanda, India named after Khandava Forest.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sir William Wilson Hunter, The Indian empire: its history, people and products, Trubner, 1882, ... the five Pandava brethren of the Mahabharata burned out the snake-king Takshaka from his primeval Khandava forest ...
  2. ^ a b author, The Mahabharata, Book 1 of 18: Adi Parva, Forgotten Books, ISBN 978-1-60506-611-0, ... I adore thee also, to obtain the ear-rings, O Takshaka, who formerly dwelt in Kurukshetra and the forest of Khandava! ... And Takshaka, surprised beyond measure and terrified by the heat of the fire, hastily came out ...
  3. ^ Paryattan Kosh, Subodh Pocket Books, ISBN 978-81-7078-081-6, ... खाण्डव वन की रक्षा इन्द्र किया करते थे ...
  4. ^ Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi, Bhārata Yāyāvara, Mahavirprasad Dvivedi Rachnavli, Volume 12, Kitāba Ghara, 1995, ISBN 978-81-7016-259-9, ... उस वन में इन्द्र का मित्र नाग-राज तक्षक रहता है ... खाण्डव वन जलाने के समय इन्द्र ने अपने वज्र की चोटों से अर्जुन के शरीर को ...
  5. ^ "The Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva: Khandava-daha Parva: Section CCXXX". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2018-01-27.
  6. ^ "https://m.jagran.com/lite/haryana/sonipat-14373586.html". m.jagran.com. Retrieved 2018-10-25. External link in |title= (help)
  7. ^ "https://m.jagran.com/lite/haryana/sonipat-11484707.html". m.jagran.com. Retrieved 2018-10-25. External link in |title= (help)
  8. ^ "https://m.jagran.com/lite/haryana/sonipat-12696094.html". m.jagran.com. Retrieved 2018-10-25. External link in |title= (help)
  9. ^ Automation, Bhaskar. "मुगलाें के खिलाफ खांडा में बनी थी सेना, अब 3 को सीएम करेंगे आर्म्ड प्रीपेटरी इंस्टीट्यूट का शिलान्यास". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). Retrieved 2018-11-07.