Khandra

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Khandra
খাঁন্দ্রা
Census Town
Khandra is located in West Bengal
Khandra
Khandra
Khandra is located in India
Khandra
Khandra
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°38′31″N 87°13′32″E / 23.641852°N 87.225499°E / 23.641852; 87.225499Coordinates: 23°38′31″N 87°13′32″E / 23.641852°N 87.225499°E / 23.641852; 87.225499
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Barddhaman
Population (2011)
 • Total 15,383
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration WB
Lok Sabha constituency Asansol
Vidhan Sabha constituency Raniganj
Website bardhaman.gov.in

Khandra is a census town in Andal CD Block in Durgapur subdivision of Barddhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Khandra is located at 23°38′31″N 87°13′32″E / 23.641852°N 87.225499°E / 23.641852; 87.225499.

The Asansol-Durgapur region is composed of undulating latterite soil. This area lies between two mighty rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Khandra had a total population of 15,383 of which 8,096 (53%) were males and 7,287 (47%) were females. Population below 6 years was 1,853. The total number of literates in Khandra was 9,773 (72.23% of the population over 6 years).[2]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Khandra had a population of 13,490. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Khandra has an average literacy rate of 57%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 66%, and female literacy is 46%. In Khandra, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

It is in the heart of the coal mining zone.[4]

Collieries in the Bankola Area of Eastern Coalfields are: Moira, Khandra, Bankola, Shyamsundarpur, Kumardihi A, Kumardihi B, Tilaboni, Shankerpur and Shankerpur OCP.[5]

Education[edit]

Khandra College was established at Khandra in 1981. It is affliated with Kazi Nazrul University.[6]

Healthcare[edit]

There is a block primary health centre at Khandra (Ukhra).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp. 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  2. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 666
  5. ^ "Coalmining impact on the Enviroment" (PDF). Chapter V: Table 5.2. shodganga.infibnet. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "Khandra College". KC. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017.