Khanna, Ludhiana

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Khanna
ਖੰਨਾ
Khanna is located in Punjab
Khanna
Khanna
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°42′N 76°13′E / 30.70°N 76.22°E / 30.70; 76.22Coordinates: 30°42′N 76°13′E / 30.70°N 76.22°E / 30.70; 76.22
Country  India
State Punjab
District Ludhiana
Area
 • Total 28 km2 (11 sq mi)
Elevation 254 m (833 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 128,137
 • Density 4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
 • Regional Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 141401
Telephone code 01628
Vehicle registration PB-26
Ancient temple of Lord Ramchandra, Khanna, India
Madudass di smadhi
Jain mandir, Khanna
An old building in the city of Khanna
A.s Senior Secondary School, Khanna

Khanna (Punjabi: ਖੰਨਾ) is a city and a municipal council in the Ludhiana district of Punjab, India.[1][2]

Toponymy[edit]

Khanna is a Punjabi word, which means one quarter (1/4 or 0.25). The city was named thus because it used to be very small, just a quarter of what a normal city should be.

History[edit]

Khanna has the largest grain market in Asia,[3] followed by the grain market of Rajpura (Punjab). Khanna is an ancient town which came into existence 500 years back. History reveals that Sher Shah Suri built a number of sarais (inns) at every 12 to 15 miles along the Delhi-Lahore road. One of the sarais was built in this area which is still known as the Purani Sarai. After the decline of Mughal rule in the Punjab, Banda Bahadur captured the area from Sirhind to Hoshiarpur. After that a jathedar of Dahedu controlled and occupied the whole of the area from Dahedu to Nabha. He married his daughter, Daya Kaur, to the King of Nabha. When a family dispute arose between the King and his new wife, she left Nabha for good and went back to live with her parents in Dahedu. According to Indian conventions she could not remain there forever. Therefore, her father gave her a "kann", or a "small portion", of the territory between Dahedu and Nabha that was well known for its agriculture. Over time, the pronunciation of the name changed from "Kann" to "Khanna".

The city is 40 km from the city of Ludhiana on the Grand Trunk Road (National Highway 1) and is home to Asia's largest grain market. Its area is about 70 km2. Villages nearby include Payal, Ikolahi, Rahoun, Issru, Harion Kalan , Boothgarh, Bulepur, Rasulra, Ghutind, Bhattian, Libra, Ratan Heri, Bahumajra, Salana, Amloh, Salaudi singha and Mohanpur.

Old building in Khanna city

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census Khanna had a population of 128,130, out of which males were 67,811 and females were 60,319. The literacy rate was 84.43 per cent.[4]

Education[edit]

Khanna has following colleges/institutes:

  1. A S College Khanna.
  2. A. S. Women College, affiliated to Panjab University chandigarh.
  3. Gulzar Group of Institutes (GGI) Approved by AICTE and I. K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar.
  4. IGNOU Regional Centre, Khanna[5]
  5. Radha Vatika Women college.
  6. Sanjeevni Nursing College.

A.S. College is the first college in Ludhiana district rural which was granted A+ grade by National Accreditation and Assessment of Colleges(NAAC). NAAC is accreditation agency of the Government of India.

Schools of Khanna:

  1. Sacred Heart Convent Senior Secondary School
  2. A. S. Sr. Sec. School
  3. A. S. Modern Sen. Sec. School
  4. Atam Manohar Jain Modern School
  5. D.A.V. Model Sr. Sec. School
  6. D.A.V Public School
  7. Delhi Public School
  8. G T B High School, Model Town
  9. Govt. Girl's Sr. Sec. School
  10. Green Grove School
  11. Hindi Putri Pathshala
  12. Himalaya Public Sen. Sec School
  13. Inder Prasth Public School
  14. Khalsa High School, Grain Market
  15. Lala Sarkaru Mal Sarvhitkari Vidya Mandir
  16. Nankana sahib public school, kalal majra
  17. Narotam Vidya Mandir Sr Sec school, Lalheri road
  18. Planet E School
  19. Radha Vatika Sen. Sec. School
  20. Robin Model High School
  21. Swami Chhagan Lal School
  22. S. D. Public School, Amloh Road
  23. Spring Dale Public Senior Secondary School, Khanna Khurd
  24. Vivek model high school
  25. Walia English Model School
  26. Euro kids school
  27. bhartam vidya mandir
  28. Khanna Public School
  29. Robin Model High School

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Over 75% polling in Khanna, Samrala". News in English. The Tribune. 31 January 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "khanna in need of major spruce-up". News in English. The Tribune. 17 January 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Khanna". Ludhiana district official website. Retrieved 17 July 2012.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  4. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  5. ^ http://rckhanna.ignou.ac.in/