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Coordinates: 34°05′28″N 74°48′28″E / 34.091248°N 74.807771°E / 34.091248; 74.807771
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خانقاہِ معلیٰ
The Khanqah on the banks of Jhelum
AffiliationSunni Islam
RegionKashmir Valley
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusActive
LocationZaina Kadal, Srinagar
StateJammu and Kashmir
Khanqah-e-Moula is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Shown within Jammu and Kashmir
Geographic coordinates34°05′28″N 74°48′28″E / 34.091248°N 74.807771°E / 34.091248; 74.807771
FounderSultan Sikandar
Completed1395 CE, Rebuilt 1732 CE
Height (max)38m
Dome(s)1 (turret)

Khanqah-e-Moula (Kashmiri: خانٛقاهِ معلىٰ), also known as Shah-e-Hamadan Masjid and Khanqah, is a mosque located in the Old City of Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir, India. Situated on the right bank of the river Jhelum between the Fateh Kadal and Zaina Kadal bridges, it was first built over a hindu temple in 1395 CE, commissioned by Sultan Sikendar in memory of Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani. It is held to be the first Khanqah—mosques associated with specific saints—in the Kashmir valley. It is one of the best examples of Kashmiri wooden architecture, and is decorated with papier mache.[1]


The mosque was commissioned by Sultan Sikandar Butshikan in 1395 CE over a hindu temple in memory of the Islamic preacher Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani, the central figure involved in the widespread conversion to Islam in Kashmir. Also known as Shah-e-Hamadan (the King of Hamadan), the preacher came to Kashmir from the city of Hamadan, Persia in the 14th century. He is credited for the spread of Islam in Kashmir. In 1480 AD, the shrine was destroyed in a fire. The then ruler, Sultan Hassan Shah, expanded its premises and rebuilt it. In 1731 CE, the Khanqah was again destroyed by fire and then rebuilt by Abdul Barkat Khan.


Sketch of Shah Hamadan mosque dating back to 1906

Local Hindus were involved in various communal disputes and repeated altercations by 1942, agitating for the right to build a covered shrine adjacent to the Muslim shrine,[2] which eventually led to a boycott of Muslim-owned shops by Kashmiri Hindus.[3]

The mosque's interior has intricate woodwork and is richly decorated with papier-maché, seen above in 2007; the wooden structure makes it prone to fires, the latest such incident occurring in 2017

Adjacent Kalishri Mata Shrine[edit]

Toward the River Jhelum, there is a wall marked with Sindoor (or Sindooram, a traditional vermilion red or orange-red colored cosmetic powder from India, usually worn by married women along the parting of their hair) but not a temple and water oozes at a place, which Kashmiri Hindus say is dedicated to goddess Kali.[4][2]

View of the Khanqah from the Jhelum river. On the bank saffron marks indicate the supposed existence of a Kali temple, although no conclusive evidence exists of the latter.

Fire of 2017[edit]

On 15 November 2017, a fire broke out in the shrine which damaged the spire of the building. Fire tenders were brought on the scene and they managed to arrest the spread of the fire which prevented any further damage to the building.[5]

Restoration work was immediately started[6] and on 30 March 2018, a refurbished crown was successfully installed on the spire of the shrine.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Asian Historical Architecture: A Photographic Survey". Asian Architecture.
  2. ^ a b Rai, Mridu (2004). Hindu Rulers, Muslim Subjects: Islam, Rights, and the History of Kashmir. Hurst. ISBN 9781850656616.
  3. ^ Khan, Ghulam Hassan (1980). Freedom movement in Kashmir, 1931-1940. Light & Life Publishers.
  4. ^ "Maha Kali temple co-exists with Khanqah". Rising Kashmir. Archived from the original on 15 January 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Khankah-e-Moula shrine damaged in Srinagar fire". 15 November 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Latest News From Kashmir, Breaking News, Current Headlines, Kashmir News Online | Greater Kashmir". Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Khankah-e-Maulla gets refurbished crown". 31 March 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2019.

External links[edit]