Kharagpur II

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Kharagpur II
খড়্গপুর II
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Kharagpur II is located in West Bengal
Kharagpur II
Kharagpur II
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°21′44″N 87°25′35″E / 22.3621415°N 87.4264526°E / 22.3621415; 87.4264526Coordinates: 22°21′44″N 87°25′35″E / 22.3621415°N 87.4264526°E / 22.3621415; 87.4264526
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 265.63 km2 (102.56 sq mi)
Elevation 28 m (92 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 183,440
 • Density 690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721301 (Old Kharagpur)
Telephone/STD code 03221
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB 34
Literacy 76.08%
Lok Sabha constituency Ghatal
Vidhan Sabha constituency Pingla
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Kharagpur II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in the Kharagpur subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Kharagpur police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Madpur.

Geography[edit]

In Kharagpur II CD Block 65% of the cultivated area has lateritic soil and 35% has alluvial soil.[1]

Madpur, headquarters of Kharagpur II block, is located at 22°21′44″N 87°25′35″E / 22.3621415°N 87.4264526°E / 22.3621415; 87.4264526.

Kharagpur II CD Block is bounded by Midnapore Sadar CD Block in the north, Debra and Pingla CD Blocks in the east, Narayangarh CD Block in the south and Kharagpur I CD Blocks in the west.[2][3]

It is located 12 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Kharagpur II CD Block has an area of 265.63 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 129 gram sansads (village councils), 353 mouzas and 330 inhabited villages. Kharagpur (Local) police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Madpur.[5]

Kharagpur II CD Block has a forest cover of 7 hecatres. Kharagpur Forest Division is primarily a social forestry division.[6]

Gram panchayats of Kharagpur II block/ panchayat samiti are: Chakmakrampur, Changual, Kaliara I, Kaliara II, Lachhmpur, Palsya, Paparara I, Paparara II and Sankoa-II.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Kharagpur II CD Block had a total population of 183,440, all of which were rural. There were 92,546 (50%) males and 90,894 (50%) females. Population below 6 years was 22,527. Scheduled Castes numbered 34,138 (18.61%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 46,899 (25.57%). [8]

As per the 2001 census, Kharagpur II block had a total population of 161,790, out of which 82,326 were males and 79,464 were females. Kharagpur II block registered a population growth of 18.21 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Kharagpur II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Chakmakrampur (4,273), Papara (4,091).[8]

Other villages in Kharagpur II CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Palshya (1,536), Kaliara (1,970), Sankoa (2,759), Changual (3,737) and Lachmapur (2,019).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Kharagpur II CD Block was 122,415 (76.08% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 68,212 (84.10% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 54,203 (67.92% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 16.18%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by 55.93% of the tribal population of the district. The Bhumij, forming 11.16% of the tribal population, and the Mundas, forming 6.10% of the tribal population, speak Mundari. Other small groups include Koras and Mahalis. The Lodhas, forming 3.85% of the tribal population, the only primitive tribe in the district, speak Lodhi.[11]

Religion in Kharagpur II CD Block
Hindu
  
84.99%
Muslim
  
14.39%
Others
  
0.62%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 155,905 and formed 84.99% of the population in Kharagpur II CD Block. Muslims numbered 26,405 and formed 14.39% of the population. Others numbered 1,130 and formed 0.62% of the population.[12] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[13] Christian and other religious communities.[12]

BPL families[edit]

In Kharagpur II CD Block 53.57% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[14]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[14]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

327 or 93% of mouzas in Kharagpur II CD block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[15]

346 mouzas in Kharagpur II CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 93 fertiliser depots, 30 seed stores and 39 fair price shops in the CD Block.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Kharagpur II CD Block

  Bargadars (8.62%)
  Patta holders (31.69%)
  Small farmers (4.87%)
  Marginal farmers (27.42%)
  Agricultural labourers (27.42%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[16]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Kharagpur II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 8.62%, patta (document) holders 31.69%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.87%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 27.42% and agricultural labourers 27.42%.[15]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Kharagpur II CD Block was 20,440 hectares out of geographical area of 26,587 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 15,066 hectares.[17]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominant agricultural economy.[18]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Kharagpur II CD Block was 12,566 hectares, out of which 5,000 hectares were irrigated by canals, 135 hectares by tank water, 1,600 hectares by deep tubewells, 5,225 hectares by shallow tubewells, 500 hectares by river lift irrigation and 105 hectares by other methods.[15]

In 2013-14, Kharagpur II CD Block produced 7,841 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 4,887 hectares, 2,255 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 6,935 hectares, 12,546 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 3,156 hectares and 71,634 tonnes of potatoes from 2,525 hectares. It also produced oilseeds.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Kharagpur II CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks. .[15]

Transport[edit]

Kharagpur II CD Block has 1 ferry service and 4 originating/ terminating bus routes.[15]

The Howrah-Kharagpur line passes through this CD Block. Jakpur, Madpur and Shyam Chak are stations on this line.[19]

The Dankuni-Kharagpur sector of NH 16 (old number NH 6) passes through this block.[20]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Kharagpur II CD Block had 143 primary schools with 9,482 students, 5 middle schools with 515 students, 12 high schools with 5,263 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 13,626 students. Kharagpur II CD Block had 418 institutions for special and non-formal education with 6,228 students.[15]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Kharagpur II CD Block out of the total 142 primary schools in 2008-2009, 34 had pucca buildings, 38 partially pucca, 11 kucha and 59 multiple type.[21]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Kharagpur II CD had 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres and 4 private nursing homes with total 63 beds and 9 doctors. It had 25 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 1,579 patients were treated indoor and 69,104 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). page 26 (Predominant Soil). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Kharagpur ii Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 29 - Forests. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 217 Scheduled Tribe Community. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "Kharagpur-Howrah Local 38606". Indiarailinfo. Retrieved 11 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 6 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016.