Kharan (princely state)
|Princely state of Pakistan|
|•||Disestablished||14 October 1955|
|Area||48,051 km2 (18,553 sq mi)|
|Today part of||Balochistan, Pakistan|
|Government of Balochistan|
|This article is part of the series|
|Former administrative units of Pakistan|
The State of Kharan (Urdu: ریاست خاران) was an autonomous princely state in a subsidiary alliance with British India, until the departure of the British from the subcontinent in August 1947. it was fully independent, until March 1948, when its ruler signed an Instrument of Accession to Pakistan, retaining the state's internal self-government. In 1955 Kharan was incorporated into Pakistan.
The territory once covered by Kharan is today part of the province of Balochistan, in the southwest of Pakistan.
The state of Kharan was established in about 1697 CE as a vassal state of Kalat, which remained until 1940. Become independent of Kalat in 1940, On 17 March 1948, Kharan acceded to Pakistan and on 3 October 1952 it joined the Baluchistan States Union. Mir Habibullah Nousherwani acceded to Pakistan stating:
The state was dissolved on 14 October 1955 when most regions of the western wing of Pakistan were merged to form the province of West Pakistan. When that province was dissolved in 1970, the territory of the former state of Kharan was organised as Kharan District of the province of Baluchistan (later Balochistan).
Nausherwani (نوشیروانی) are considered Nawabs of Kharan and Washuk. Most respected family in Balochistan,Nausherwanis are divided into two sub tribes:first the Nawabs of Kharan, and second the sardars of Makran.The population of the state was mainly Baloch tribes, with some Brahui scattered across the area..
The hereditary rulers of Kharan held the title of Mir 1680-1850, Khan 1850-1909, Khan Sahib 1909-1911, Sardar 1911-1919, Sardar Bahadur 1919-1921 and Nawab from post 1921 onwards.
|Date of Reign||Rulers of Kharan|
|1810-?||Mir Abbas Khan Baloch|
|1833–1885||Mir Azad Khan Baloch|
|1885–1909||Mir Nowruz Khan Baloch|
|1909–1911||Mir Mohammad Yaqub Khan Baloch|
|1911–1955||Nawab Mir Habibullah Khan Nousherwani Baloch|
|14 October 1955||State merged into West Pakistan|
- Kharan District
- Balochistan Province
- Baluchistan (Chief Commissioner's Province)
- Las Bela
- Khanate of Kalat
- Baluchistan States Union
- List of Indian Princely States
- Ben Cahoon, WorldStatesmen.org. "Pakistan Princely States". Retrieved 2007-10-03.