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The valley is located about 100 km from the historic capital of Baltistan, Skardu. Several areas in the valley are tourist destinations, including Manthokha Waterfall, Khamosh Waterfall, Mehdiabad valley. Kharmang is where the Indus River enters into Pakistani territory from Kargil District in Indian Administered Kashmir.
The word Kahrmang is a Balti word which consist of two words (khar means "fort" and mang means "abundant"). The name Kharmang was given to the valley in the era of Ali Sher Khan Anchan, who built many forts in this region because of its geostrategic importance.
Kharmang valley is a scattered populated area. The approximate population of valley is about 20,000 households (Approximately 60000+ people); most of the population is residing in scattered villages. The main source of income is subsistence livestock rearing for their livelihood and agriculture and unskilled man power working abroad and urban centers of Pakistan. A large number of people of Kharmang work in Gulf countires with majority in Kuwait, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. Natives of Kharmang Valley speak Balti and pre-dominantly belong to Shia sect of Islam, with an exception of a small number of people belonging to Noorbakhshi sect of Shia Islam living in Mehdi Abad and surroundings.Kharmang has two famous waterfalls(Manthoka waterfall and Khamush waterfall).