Kharraqan towers

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Kharraqan towers
The Kharāghān twin towers
Basic information
Location Qazvin Province, Iran
Affiliation Muslim
Year consecrated First tower 1067
Second tower 1093
Architectural description
Architect(s) Muhammad bin Makki al-Zanjani
Width 4 m
Height (max) 15 m

The Kharraqan towers are mausoleums, built in 1067 and 1093, located on the plains in northern Iran, near Qazvin.

The brick structures stand 15 metres (49 ft) tall and 4 metres (13 ft) wide, and make extensive use of geometry. Inside the older mausoleum there is a lamp and paintings.

The eastern tower dates from 1067–68, while the western tower dates from 1093.[1] Both towers appear to be the work of the architect, Muhammad bin Makki al-Zanjani.[2] It is believed that the occupant of the eastern tower was Abu Sa'id Bijar and the occupant of the western tower was Abu Mansur Iltayti.[2]

These towers are remnant examples of architecture that existed during the Seljuk period of medieval Persia.[3]

21st century[edit]

Both towers were significantly damaged by the 2002 Bou'in-Zahra earthquake. They were in a good state of preservation before the event, suggesting it was one of the most powerful quakes in the region for approximately 900 years.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ David Stronach and T. Cuyler Young, Jr, Three Seljuq Tomb Towers, Iran, Vol. 4, 1966:6.
  2. ^ a b David Stronach and T. Cuyler Young, Jr, Three Seljuq Tomb Towers, 6.
  3. ^ David Stronach and T. Cuyler Young, Jr, Three Seljuq Tomb Towers, 1.
  4. ^ Walker, R. T.; Bergman, E; Jackson, J; Ghorashi, M; Talebain, M. (2005). "The 2002 June 22 Changureh (Avaj) earthquake in Qazvin province, northwest Iran: epicentral relocation, source parameters, surface deformation and geomorphology". Geophysical Journal International. 160 (2): 707–720. Bibcode:2005GeoJI.160..707W. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02516.x. 

Coordinates: 35°50′24.5″N 49°00′32.2″E / 35.840139°N 49.008944°E / 35.840139; 49.008944